Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming

1st Edition

Edited by Junliang Tian, Chi-Hua Huang

CRC Press

744 pages

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Hardback: 9780849323492
pub: 2000-05-24
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Description

"I've seen the Sudan, traveled in South and Central America and been all over Europe, but I've never seen what I've been able to see on this tour [of the Loess Plateau, China]."

-Ed Skidmore, soil scientist, Wind

Erosion Research Unit of the Agricultural Research Service, USDA, Manhattan, Kansas

Overpopulation is at the core of most environmental problems. The impacts of continued growth-with world population reaching 6 billion in October 1999-are felt in most parts of the world. China, the most populous nation, illustrates many of the pivotal problems-and solutions.

Although China faces the same effects of overpopulation as the rest of the world, it still feeds over a billion people on a tillable area that allows about one tenth of a hectare per person. The country's efforts to tie together soil and water conservation, dryland farming, and economic development have been largely successful. Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming explores these trials and the lessons learned from them.

Copublished with the Soil and Water Conservation Society, this exhaustive text consists of the rewritten proceedings from the Society's conference held in Yangling, Shaanxi, China. It covers dryland farming systems and soil water management, environmental quality and sustainability, and erosion control techniques as they relate primarily to Mainland China. With additional global examples and a balance between conceptual and applied studies, it covers some of the most progressive work in soil erosion control and dryland farming from around the world.

Soil exposure while land lies fallow is one of the greatest risks in dryland farming. New procedures and kinds of tillage help control erosion and improve water intake. Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming presents these techniques and technologies to give you a forward-looking perspective into the field, as well as the larger problem of tailoring food production to sustain the population.

Reviews

"Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming presents these techniques and technologies to give you a forward looking perspective into the field, as well as the larger problem of tailoring food production to sustain the population."

--Vol. 32 NO. 1- 2001; Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

Table of Contents

The Loess Plateau-Its Formation, Soil and Water Losses, and Control of the Yellow River, Zhu Xianmo and Ren Meie

Agricultural and Environmental Sustainability-A Global Perspective, J.M. Laflen

DRYLAND FARMING SYSTEMS AND SOIL WATER MANAGEMENT

Effects of Drought Environments on the Photosynthesis of Spring Wheat in the Semiarid Area of Loess Plateau, China, Deng Xi-Peng, Shan Lun, and Inanaga Shinobu

Better Land Husbandry-The Key to Productive and Conservation Effective Dryland Farming, Malcom Douglas

Study on the Comprehensive Measures for Sustainable Development of Rainfed Agriculture in the Region of Eastern Shanxi and Western Henna, Hu Fen and Tao Yu Fen

Rain Water Management for Dryland Farming Production in Northern China, Huang Zhanbin

Surface Conditions and Infiltration Distribution in a Small Watershed in the Loess Area of China, Kang Shaozhong and Zhang Shuhan

Weed Management, Tillage, and Crop Rotations in Dryland Farming Systems, David L. Regeher

Effect of Deep-Ditch Manuring on Apple Tree Root System in an Arid-Farming Orchard, Li Xiangmin, Xu Chunxia and Su Shanmin

Soil Erosion and Damland System Agriculture in Weijiayu Watershed, Zhiguo Wang, Zhenhua Hu, Zhongyi Wei, Jianrui Xu, Chunhong Wang, and Zhaoguang Ren

Eco-Physiological Response to Fertility and Landform for Spring Wheat under Rainfed Environment in Hummocky Terrain, Wenzhao Liu, E. deJong, L. E. Cowell, and D. J. Pennock

Studies of the Nitrogen Cycle on the Southern Edge of the Chinese Loess Plateau, M. Roelcke, R.M. Rees, S. X. Li, and J. Richter

Management of Phosphorous Fertility for Winter Wheat Production in Central South Dakota U.S.A., Howard J. Woddard, Ron Gelderman, Jim Gerwing, and Anthony Bly

Effect of No-Full Irrigation on Physiological Character of Winter Wheat, Yin-li Liang and Shao-zhong Kang

Effects of Irrigating-Limited on Seedling Vigor of Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L) on Loess Plateau in China, Yin-li Liang and Shao-zhong Kang

ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY AND SUSTAINABILITY

Effect of Erosion on Environment Quality of Soil on Southern Loess Plateau in China, Liu Bingzheng, Li Guanglu and Zhao Xiaoguang

Runoff Contaminants from Reduced Tillage Systems, Brian Marsh

Effect of Reduced Soil Tillage in Grain Corn on N and P losses in Runoff and Drainage, A. R. Pesant, S. P. Guertin, G. M. Barnett, A. Belanger, and M. Perron

Reducing Atrazine Losses in Surface Water Runoff, Davil L. Regehr, Philip L. Barnes, and Daniel L. Devlin

Improved Fertilizer Applicator to Reduce Nitrate Fertilizer Leaching from Crop Lands, Daniel E. Ressler, Robert Horton, James L. Baker, and Thomas C. Kaspar

Effect of Decreasing Soil Organic Matter Content and Tillage on Physical Properties of Sandy Sahelian Soils, W. B. Hoogmoed, L. Stroosnijder, H. Posthumus, and B. Tammes

Soil Erosion and Nutrient Cycling on Sloping Upland Ecosystems of Red Soil in Southern China, Zhang Taolin XingXiang Wang and Bin Zhang

Productivity Effects of Erosion and Soil Management on Three Ecoregions of Tanzania, Kaihura, F.B.S., I.K. Kullaya, M. Kilasara, B.R. Singh, J.B. Aune, and R. Lal

Erosional Effects on Agronomic Productivity, R. Lal

Effect of Soil Erosion on Soil Properties and Crop Productivity on Loess Under Dryland Farming in Northern Semiarid Region of IRAN, S. Shahoei and H. Rafahi

The Loss of Soil Nutrients on Loess Plateu Affected by Precipitation, Xingping Wei, Quanjiu Wang, and Wenyan Wang

Productivity Impact of Soil Erosion on the Loess Plateau-A Modelling Approach, Yuelai Lu, Michael Stocking, Bingzhen Liu, and Guanglu Li

Water Quality Impacts of Soil Erosion and Its Control, J.L. Baker

EROSION CONTROL TECHNIQUES AND STRATEGIES

Numerical Simulation of Windbreak Effect on the Prevention of Wind Erosion, Du Mingyuan, Peiming Wu, Taichi Make, Shigeto Kawashima

Soil Erosion in Chinese Fir Plantations in China, Fan Shaohu and Sheng Weitong

Study on Mechanism of Soil Loss and Sustainable Development in the Dabie Mountain Area of Western Anhui Provence, Shi Zhigang and Yang Yongsheng

Effect of Rain-Water Harvesting Agriculture on Soil Erosion in Loess Plateau, Wang Genxuan, Dongxiu Wu, and Songling Zhao

Techniques and Benefits of Restoring Vegetation on the Eroded Red Soil in Jiangxi, Xiaomin Guo, Dekui Niu, Yuanqiu Liu, and Ye Qing

Soil Erosion Control by Vegetation Restoration in Southern China, Xu Daping, Liu Yulin, and Yang Zengjiang

Using GIS in Calculation of Soil Erosion in Toutunhe River Basin of Arid Xinjian, Chen Yaning

Regional Soil Erosion Risk Evaluation Using an Event-Based GIS-Model-Scenario Technique, C.S. Renschler, B. Diekkruger, and C. Mannaerts

Terrace Systems Design and Application Using Computers, Ted C. Sheng

Using GIS for Land Capability Classification and Conservation Farming Management, Ted C. Sheng and Robert E. Barrett

SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION PLANING AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Research on Soil and Water Conservation in Guizhou, Chen Xuhui, Zhou Changhua, Zhou Pidong, and Liao Changli

Impact of Land Tenure on Erosion Control Measures and Implications for Soil Conservation Planning-Lessons From Niger, Andreas Neef

Role of Conservation Planning in Technology Transfer, David L. Schertz

The Federal-University Partnership for Soil Erosion Research and Extension Programs in the United States, B.L. Schmidt

The Small Watershed Management and Economy Development Methods in Middle of Shandong Province of China, Shon Guohang

Probe the Protection of Soil and Water Resources, Xiong Guoqi

Development Analysis Method of Agriculture Synthetic Economic Benefit in Soil and Water Conservation Programme, Zhang Miaoxian and Zhao Zheng

Effect of Soil and Water Conservation on Development of the Rural Economy, Zhang Jinhui and Ding Jialin

The Use of Spatial Information Systems for Dryland Farming: Recent Applications in Australia, T. R. McVicar, D. L. B. Jupp, P. J. Davies, P. A. Dyce, and M. Stauffacher

Quantitative Regionalization of Soil and Water Conservation in Shanxi Plateau, North China, Zhang Jin-Tun

WATER AND WIND EROSION PROCESSES

A Multitracer Study of Radionuclides on the Surface Soil Erosion in the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau, China, Z. G. Bai, G. J. Wan, C.S. Wang, X. Wan, and R.G. Huang

Research on the Mechanism of the Landslide in the North Hill of the Scenery Reservoir in Xinjian County, Dekui Niu, Xiaomin Guo, Qunming Zheng, and Xinyun Huang

Modeling of Slope Erosion Process for Soil Change, Duan Jiannan, Li Baoguo, Shi Yuanchun, Yan Tailai, and Zhu Dehai

Investigating Processes Controlling Rainfall Partitioning and Sediment Delivery from Interrill Areas, A. Klik, A. Zartl, and C.C. Truman

WEPP-Erosion Prediction Technology, John M. Laflen

Evaluation of WEPP for Transient Frozen Soil, C.D. Pannkuk, D. K. McCool, and J.M. Laflen

New Model of Soil Detachment by Water Flow, M.S. Kuznetsov, V. M. Gendugov, Jaing Yong Qung, R.T. Samoilov, A. D. Fless, and A. A. Ivanjuta

Soil Erosion Prediction on Sloping Cultivated Lands in the Southern Loess Plateau in China, Wu Faqi, Zhao Xiaoguang, and Liu Binzheng

L Factor for Short Slope-Length but Steep Slopes, Wu Chia-Chun

A Study on Alternate Action of Wind Erosion and Water Erosion in Shenfu-Dongsheng Coal Mining Area of China, Xue-tian Gao and Ke-Li Tang

A Quantitative Model for Estimating Soil Erosion Rates by Using 137Cs, Hao Yang, Mingyuan Du, Qing Chang, Katsuyuki Minami, and Tamao Hatta

Soil Erosion Processes in Loess Hilly-Gully Region Covered with Sheet Sand, Zhang Lipiing and Ke-Li Tang

Analysis of Soil Erosion in Mechanics, Zhao Dengfeng, Li Hailu and Han Fujun

Soil Erosion and Degradation Processes from Vegetation Removal in a Forested Area at the Loess Plateau of China, Zheng Fen-Li and Ke-Li Tang

Relation of Erosion and Sediment Yield and Mechanism of Different Erosion Zones on the Loess Plateau of China, Fen-li Zheng, Shao-zhong Kang, and Xue-Tian Gaoy

Methods to Quantify Residue, Roughness, and Soil Aggregates in Wind Erosion Studies, Larry E. Wagner and Edward L. Skidmore

Remote Sensing Monitoring Information System of Soil and Water Conservation on the Loess Plateau, Li Rui and Yang Qinke

CONCLUSIONS

Recommendations

Open Forums

Soil Erosion Network

Participants

Organization

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC003000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / General