Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis

2nd Edition

Edited by M.R. Carter, E.G. Gregorich

CRC Press

1,262 pages | 144 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9780849335860
pub: 2007-08-03
SAVE ~$44.00
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429126222
pub: 2007-08-03
from $110.00

FREE Standard Shipping!


Thoroughly updated and revised, this second edition of the bestselling Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis presents several new chapters in the areas of biological and physical analysis and soil sampling. Reflecting the burgeoning interest in soil ecology, new contributions describe the growing number and assortment of new microbiological techniques, describe in-depth methods, and demonstrate new tools that characterize the dynamics and chemistry of soil organic matter and soil testing for plant nutrients. A completely new section devoted to soil water reviews up-to-date field- and laboratory-based methods for saturated and unsaturated soil hydraulic properties.

Retaining the easy-to-follow, “cookbook” style of the original, this second edition provides a compilation of soil analytical techniques that are fast, straightforward, and relatively easy-to-use. Heavily referenced, peer-reviewed contributions from approximately 150 specialists make this a practical manual and resource handbook that describes a wide array of methods, both conventional and cutting-edge, for analyzing the chemical, biological, biochemical, and physical properties of many different soil types. Including several “primer” chapters that cover the overall principles and concepts behind the latest techniques, the book presents sufficient detail on the materials and procedures to characterize the potential and limitation of each method. It covers recent improvements in methodology, outlines current methods, and characterizes the best methods available for selecting the appropriate analysis technique.

Promoting the research and practical application of findings in soil science, Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, Second Edition continues to be the most current, detailed, comprehensive tool for researchers and practitioners working with soil.


"… It is authoritative, covering soil analysis in the broadest sense… all the chapters retained from the first edition have been updated and others added. …Each method is described in detail… this book is a valuable vade mecum for any soil science laboratory."

—Charlie Scrimgeour, in Experimental Agriculture, Vol. 44, 2008

"… a substantial revision of the first edition published in 1993. Many of the earlier chapters have been updated, and new ones have been added, in particular to deal with modern developments in soil biology, the chemistry of soil organic matter and techniques for characterizing the hydraulic behavior of soil. It is an impressive volume of 85 chapters and two appendices written by 140 authors, most of whom are Canadian and many recognized internationally as experts in their fields… Sound sampling and estimation are crucial to success in almost any study of soil… This book is a valuable compendium on soil analysis and merits a place in any soil laboratory."

—R. Webster, in European Journal of Soil Science, Vol. 59, 2008

"The materials and procedures for … methods are presented in straightforward language with adequate details, easy to understand and follow. … well written and logically organized."

– Mingxin Guo, Department of Agriculture & Natural Resources, Delaware State University in Environmental Quality, Vol. 38, No. 1, 2009

Table of Contents

SOIL SAMPLING AND HANDLING, G.T. Patterson and M.R. Carter

Soil Sampling Designs, D. Pennock, T. Yates, and J. Braidek

Sampling Forest Soils, N. Bélanger and K.C.J. Van Rees

Measuring Change in Soil Organic Carbon Storage, B.H. Ellert, H.H. Janzen, A.J. VandenBygaart, and E. Bremer

Soil Sample Handling and Storage, S.C. Sheppard and J.A. Addison

Quality Control in Soil Chemical Analysis, C. Swyngedouw and R. Lessard


Nitrate and Exchangeable Ammonium Nitrogen, D.G. Maynard, Y.P. Kalra, and J.A. Crumbaugh

Mehlich 3 Extractable Elements, N. Ziadi and T. Sen Tran

Sodium Bicarbonate Extractable Phosphorus, J.J. Schoenau and I. P. O’Halloran

 Boron, Molybdenum and Selenium, G. M. Hettiarachchi and U. C. Gupta

Trace Element Assessment, W.H. Hendershot, H. Lalande, D. Reyes, and D. MacDonald

Readily Soluble Aluminum and Manganese in Acid Soils, Y.K. Soon, N. Bélanger, and W.H. Hendershot

Lime Requirement, N. Ziadi and T. Sen Tran

Ion Supply Rates Using Ion Exchange Resins, P. Qian, J.J. Schoenau, and N. Ziadi

Environmental Soil Phosphorus Indices, A.N. Sharpley, P.J.A. Kleinman and J.L. Weld

Electrical Conductivity and Soluble Ions, J.J. Miller and D. Curtin

SOIL CHEMICAL ANALYSES, Y.K. Soon and W.H. Hendershot       

Soil Reaction and Exchangeable Acidity, W.H. Hendershot, H. Laland,e and M. Duquette

Collection and Characterization of Soil Solutions, J.D. MacDonald, N. Bélanger, S. Sauvé, F. Courchesne, and W.H. Hendershot

Ion Exchange and Exchangeable Cations, W.H. Hendershot, H. Lalande, and M. Duquette

Non-Exchangeable Ammonium, Y.K. Soon and B.C. Liang

Carbonates, T.B. Goh and A.R. Mermut

Total and Organic Carbon, J.O. Skjemstad and J.A. Baldock

Total Nitrogen, P.M. Rutherford, W.B. McGill, C.T. Figueiredo,  and J.M. Arocena

Chemical Characterization of Soil Sulphur, C.G. Kowalenko and M. Grimmett

Total and Organic Phosphorus, I.P. O'Halloran and B.J. Cade-Menum

Characterization of Available P by Sequential Extraction, H. Tiessen and J.O. Moir

Extractable Al, Fe, Mn, and Si, F. Courchesne  and M.C. Turmel

Determining Nutrient Availability in Forest Soils, N. Bélanger, David Paré, and W.H. Hendershot

Chemical Properties of Organic Soils, A. Karam


Cultural Methods for Soil and Root Associated Microorganisms, J.J. Germida and J.R. de Freitas

Arbuscular Mycorrhiza, Y. Dalpé and C. Hamel

Root Nodule Bacteria and Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation, D. Prévost and H. Antoun

Microarthropods, J.P Winter and V.M. Behan-Pelletier

Nematodes, T.A. Forge and J. Kimpinski

Earthworms, M.J. Clapperton, G.H. Baker and C.A. Fox

Enchytraeids, S.M. Adl

Protozoa, S.M. Adl, D. Acosta-Mercado, and D.H. Lynn

Denitrification Techniques for Soils, C.F. Drury, D.D. Myrold, E.G. Beauchamp, and W.D.Reynolds

Nitrification Techniques in Soil Systems, C.F. Drury, S.C. Hart, and X.M. Yang

Substrate-Induced Respiration and Selective Inhibition as Measures of Microbial Biomass in Soils, V.L. Bailey, J.L. Smith, and H. Bolton Jr.

Assessment of Soil Biological Activity, R.P.Beyaert and C.A. Fox

Soil ATP, R.P. Voroney, G. Wen, and R.P. Beyaert

Lipid-Based Community Analysis, K.E. Dunfield

Bacterial Community Analyses by Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE), E. Topp, Y.-C. Tien, and A. Hartmann

Indicators of Soil Food Web Properties, T.A. Forge and M. Tenuta


Carbon Mineralization, D.W. Hopkins

Mineralizable Nitrogen, Denis Curtin and C.A. Campbell

Physically Uncomplexed Organic Matter, E.G. Gregorich and M.H. Beare 

Extraction and Characterization of Dissolved Organic Matter, M.H. Chantigny, D.A. Angers, K. Kaiser, and K. Kalbitz

Soil Microbial Biomass C, N, P and S, R.P. Voroney, P.C. Brookes, and R.P. Beyaert 

Carbohydrates, M.H. Chantigny and D.A. Angers

Organic Forms of Nitrogen, D.C. Olk

Soil Humus Fractions, D.W. Anderson and J.J Schoenau

Soil Organic Matter Analysis by Solid-State 13C Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, M. J. Simpson and C. M. Preston 

Stable Isotopes in Soil and Environmental Research, B.H. Ellert and L. Rock


Particle Size Distribution, D. Kroetsch and C. Wang

Soil Shrinkage, C.D. Grant

Soil Density and Porosity, X. Hao, B.C. Ball, J.L.B. Culley, M.R. Carter, and G.W. Parkin

Soil Consistency: Upper and Lower Plastic Limits, R.A. McBride

Compaction and Compressibility, P. Défossez, T. Keller and G. Richard

Field Soil Strength, G.C. Topp and D.R. Lapen

Air Permeability, C.D. Grant and P.H. Groenevelt

Aggregate Stability to Water, D.A. Angers, M.S. Bullock, and G.R. Mehuys

Dry Aggregate Size Distribution, F.J. Larney

Soil Air, R.E. Farrell and J.A. Elliott

Soil-Surface Gas Emissions, P. Rochette and N. Bertrand

Bulk Density Measurement in Forest Soils, D.G. Maynard and M.P. Curran

Physical Properties of Organic Soils and Growing Media: Particle Size and Degree of Decomposition, L.E. Parent and J. Caron

Physical Properties of Organic Soils and Growing Media: Water and Air Storage and Flow Dynamics, J. Caron, D.E. Elrick, J.C. Michel, and R. Naasz

SOIL WATER ANALYSES, W.D. Reynolds and G.C. Topp

Soil Water Analyses: Principles and Parameters, W.D. Reynolds and G.C. Topp

Soil Water Content, G.C. Topp, G.W. Parkin, and Ty P.A Ferré

Soil Water Potential, N.J. Livingston and G.C. Topp

Soil Water Desorption and Imbibition: Tension and Pressure Techniques, W.D. Reynolds and G.C. Topp

Soil Water Desorption and Imbibition: Long Column, W.D. Reynolds and G.C. Topp

Soil Water Desorption and Imbibition: Psychrometry, W.D. Reynolds and G.C. Topp

Saturated Hydraulic Properties: Laboratory Methods, W.D. Reynolds

Saturated Hydraulic Properties: Well Permeameter, W.D. Reynolds

Saturated Hydraulic Properties: Ring Infiltrometer, W.D. Reynolds

Saturated Hydraulic Properties: Auger-Hole, G.C. Topp

Saturated Hydraulic Properties: Piezometer, G.C. Topp

Unsaturated Hydraulic Properties: Laboratory Tension Infiltrometer, F.J.  Cook

Unsaturated Hydraulic Properties: Laboratory Evaporation, O.O. B. Wendroth and N. Wypler

Unsaturated Hydraulic Properties: Field Tension Infiltrometer, W.D. Reynolds

Unsaturated Hydraulic Properties: Instantaneous Profile, W.D. Reynolds

Estimation of Soil Hydraulic Properties, F.J. Cook and H.P. Cresswell  

Analysis of Soil Variability, B.C. Si, R.G. Kachanoski, and W.D. Reynolds


Site Description, G.T. Patterson and J.A. Brierley  

General Safe Laboratory Operation Procedures, P. St-Georges


Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / General