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Soils and Global Change



ISBN 9781566701181
Published March 23, 1995 by CRC Press
464 Pages

 
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Book Description

The pedosphere - the thin mantel of soil on the earth's surface - plays a potentially crucial role in climate and climate change . The carbon storage of soils is the second largest in the biosphere, making the dynamics of soil organic carbon an important issue that must be understood if we are to fully comprehend global change.
This new book examines the importance of soils and their relationship to global change, specifically to the greenhouse effect. Soils and Global Change presents a state-of-the-art compendium of our present knowledge of soils. This up-to-date information source enables readers to delve into the literature about soils and climate change and examine soils in both natural and managed environments.

Table of Contents

World Soils and Greenhouse Effect: An Overview, R. Lal, J. Kimble, E. Levine, C. Whitman
Global Carbon and Nitrogen Reserves
An Overview of the Carbon Cycle, W.H. Schlesinger
Global Soil Carbon Resources, H. Eswaran, E. Van den Berg, P. Reich, and J. Kimble
Changes in the Storage of Terrestrial Carbon Since 1850, R.A. Houghton
Carbon Storage in Landfills, J. Bogner and K. Spokas
Areal Evaluation of Organic and Carbonate Carbon in a Desert Area of Southern New Mexico, R.B. Grossman, R.J. Ahrens, L.H. Gile, C.E. Montoya, and O.A. Chadwick
Carbon Storage in Tidal Marsh Soils, M.C. Rabenhorst
Spatial Modeling Using Partially Saptial Data, R.B. Jackson IV, A.L. Rowell, and K.B. Weinrich
Soil Processes and Gaseous Emissions
Effect of Global Change on Carbon Storage in Cold Soils, W.C. Oechel and G.L. Vourlitis
Global Soil Erosion by Water and Carbon Dynamics, R. Lal
Gaseous Emissions from Agro-Ecosystems in India, I.P. Abrol
Methane Emission from Canadian Peatlands, T.R. Moore and N.T. Roulet
Decomposition of Organic Matter and Carbon Emissions from Soils, D.W. Anderson
Factors Affecting Gaseous Emissions
CO2 and CO Flux
Impact of Fall Tillage on Short-Term Carbon Dioxide Flux, D.C Reicosky and M.J. Lindstrom
Organic Matter Inputs and Methane Emissions from Soils in Major Rice Growing Regions of China, J.S. Kern, D. Bachelet, and M. Toig
Soil CO2 Flux in Response to Elevated Atmospheric CO2 and Nitrogen Fertilization: Patterns and Methods, J.M. Vose, K.J. Elliott, and D.W. Johnson
Soils Respiration and Carbon Dynamics in Parallel Native and Cultivated Ecosystems, G.A. Buyanovsky, and G.H. Wagner
NOxFlux
Biosphere-Atmosphere Exchange of Gaseous N Oxides, G.L. Hutchinson
Nitrous Oxide Flux from Thawing Soils in Alberta, J.W. Laidlaw, M. Nyborg, and R.C. Izaurralde
CH4 Flux
Methane production in Mississippi Deltaic Plain Wetland Soils As a Function of Soil Redox Species, C.R. Crozier, R.D. DeLaune, and W.H. Patrick, Jr.
Monitoring and Assessment
Soil Survey and GIS
Role of Soil Survey in Obtaining a Global Carbon Budget, R.W. Arnold
Methods to Assess Soil Carbon Using Remote Sensing Techniques, C.J. Merry and E.R. Levine
Preparing a Soil Carbon Inventory for the United States using Geographic Information Systems, N.B. Bliss, S.W. Waltman, and G.W. Peterson
Analytical Techniques
Establishing the Pool Sizes and Fluxes in CO2 Emissions from Soil Organic Matter Turnover, E.A. Paul, W.R. Horwath, D. Harris, R. Follett, S.W. Leavitt, B.A. Kimball, and K. Pregitzer
Fractionation and Carbon Balance of Soil Organic Matter In Selected Cryic Soils in Alaska, C.L. Ping, C.J. Michaelson, and R.L. Malcolm
Fractionation Characterization, and Comparison Of Bulk Soil Organic Substances and Water Soluble Soil Interstitial Organic Constituents in Selected Cryosols of Alaska, R.L. Malcolm, K. Kennedy, C.L. Ping, and G.T. Michaelson
CO2 Efflux from Coniferous Forest Soils: Comparison Of Measurement Methods and Effects of Added Nitrogen, K.G. Mattson
In Search of Bioreactive Soil Organic Carbon: The Fractionation Approaches, H.H. Cheng and J.A.E. Molina
The Use of 13C Natural Abundance to Investigate the Turnover of the Microbial Biomass and Active Fractions of Soil Organic Matter under Two Tillage Treatments, M.C. Ryan, R. Aravena, and R.W. Gillham
Climatic Approach
Trace Gas and Energy Fluxes: Micrometeorological Perspectives, S.B. Verma, J. Kim, R.J. Clement, N.J. Shurpali, and D.P. Billesbach
A micrometeorological Technique for Methane Flux Determination from A Field Treated with Swine Manure, J.H. Prueger, T.B. Parkin, and J.J. Hatfield
Modeling
Application of Century Soils Organic Matter Model to a Field Site in Lexington, KY, A.S. Patwardham, R.V. Chinnaswamy, A.S. Donigian, Jr., A.K. Metherell, R.L. Blevins, W.W. Frye, and K. Paustian
The Exchange of Carbon Dioxide between the Atmosphere and the Terrestrial Biosphere in Latin America, C.G.M. Klein Goldewijk and M. Vloedbed
Modeling the Dynamics of Organic Carbon in a Typic Haplorthod, M.R. Hoosbeek and R.B. Bryant
Research and Development Priorities
Towards Improving the Global Data Base on Soil Carbon, R. Lal, J. Kimble, E. Levine, and C. Whitman

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