1st Edition

Soldiers and Politics in Southeast Asia Civil-Military Relations in Comparative Perspective, 1933-1975

Edited By J. Stephen Hoadley Copyright 1975
    319 Pages
    by Routledge

    320 Pages
    by Routledge

    By exploring the role of military officers and chronicling the sequences of events, Soldiers and Politics in Southeast Asia offers insight into the conditions that fostered military governments specifically in Thailand, Burma, South Vietnam, Indonesia, and Cambodia. Critically comparing these case studies and statistics, this volume provides readers with a deeper understanding of the causes and consequences of military involvement in the region's politics during the post-colonial period covered.Two ideologically opposed positions evolved around the phenomenon of military insurgency. Technological conservatism generally favors military insurgency in previously civilian-led governments. There was a presumption that it encourages stability, efficiency, and anti-communism. The revisionist position, on the other hand, was highly critical of technological conservatism, especially with regard to its political fervor. J. Stephen Hoadley asserts that the relevant question is not one of ideological choices; rather, it is whether a military or civilian-led government is better suited for the political and economic development of a particular underdeveloped nation. Hoadley argues that there is little difference between military and civilian-led governments in their abilities to establish stability and maintain law.The book concludes that neither conservative nor radical views are fully correct as to the effects of military-led governments on development. Soldiers and Politics in Southeast Asia focuses exclusively on civil-military politics in Southeast Asia in a critical period for the region, and it should be read by all individuals interested in Southeast Asian politics and development long after Cold War issues have come to a close.

    1. Introduction: Trends and Approaches to the Study of Armies in the Politics of Developing Nations 2. Thailand: Kings, Coups, and Cliques 3. Burma: The Military Way to Socialism 4. South Vietnam: A Militarized Polity 5. Indonesia: An Army’s Middle Way 6. Cambodia: Marshal Lon Nol’s Khmer Republic 7. Armies and Interventions: A Southeast Asian Overview 8. Categorization and Quantification in Comparisons of Southeast Asian Civil-Military Relations 9. Testing Hypotheses on Preconditions and Dynamics of Military Intervention in Politics 10. The Military and Development: An Evaluation, Bibliographic Essay


    J. Stephen Hoadley