Sonoluminescence: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Sonoluminescence

1st Edition

By F. Ronald Young

CRC Press

250 pages | 126 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780849324390
pub: 2004-08-30
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Description

While it is still a mystery of how a low-energy-density sound wave can concentrate enough energy in a small enough volume to cause the emission of light, research in acoustic cavitation and sonoluminescence has lead to plausible theories in which the source of light can be experimentally sustained. It has also lead to promising applications, such as ultrasound cleaning and the directed delivery of drugs through the cell walls.

Sonoluminescence is a comprehensive account of the subject from its discovery in 1934 to the present day, including experimental aspects and theoretical origins. The author explains how adiabatic heating achieved when the bubble collapses determines the intensity, length, and spectral properties of the light pulse. He also describes the many experiments carried out to further explain single-bubble sonoluminescence, such as measuring the length of time light is emitted, the size and stability of bubbles when light is emitted, and the effects of adding noble gases to increase light intensity.

The final chapters of Sonoluminescence give suggestions for future work and applications in fluid physics, acoustics, pipelines, ultrasonics, sonochemistry, and medicine. Through his extensive studies of acoustic cavitation, the author discusses the multiple theories that have been put forward to explain sonoluminescence, condensing selected research from over 40 years of experience into one volume to explain how light can be produced from sound.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

How the book is organized

History of sonoluminescence

Bubble dynamics

Acoustic cavitation

References

MULTIBUBBLE SONOLUMINESCENCE

Introduction

Dependence of multibubble sonoluminescence on various factors

Spectra from multibubble sonoluminescence

Light from hydrodynamic cavitation

Light from agitated mercury

Light from collapsing glass spheres

References

SINGLE BUBBLE SONOLUMINESCENCE

History

Introduction

Production of a single sonoluminescing bubble

Measurement of the bubble motion - Mie scattering

Bubble dynamics of single bubble sonoluminescence

Influence of argon on stable sonoluminescence

Ambient radius

Spectra from single bubble sonoluminescence

Sonoluminescence pulse width

Effect of reduction of ambient pressure on single-bubble sonoluminescence

Single-bubble sonoluminescence in microgravity

Evidence for nuclear reactions in sonoluminescence

Single cavitation bubble luminescence

Harmonic enhancement of single bubble sonoluminescence

Period doubling in sonoluminescence

Vortex rings and particle drift in sonoluminescence

Boosting single bubble sonoluminescence with a drop of glycerine in water

Single bubble sonoluminescence in air-saturated water

References

THEORIES OF SONOLUMINESCENCE

Introduction

The triboluminescence theory

The electrical microdischarge theories

The mechanochemical theory

The chemiluminescent theory

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics
TEC019000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Lasers & Photonics