1st Edition

South American Policy Regionalism Drivers and Barriers to International Problem Solving

    324 Pages 3 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    324 Pages 3 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    “Regional cooperation exists, but looks different in the global South than in the European Union,” claim the contributors to South American Policy Regionalism, which offers novel theory, methods, and Latin American case studies of joint governance efforts in nine international policy arenas, ranging from illegal drugs to artificial intelligence. Contrasting three major schools of thought in international relations (highlighting power, institutions, and ideas), this book introduces the idea of international policy regionalism as a framework for informed debate about international policy-sector interactions in a regional space. Beginning with a conceptual approach applicable to any world region, it includes a brief history of Western Hemisphere regionalism to aid in future cross-regional comparisons. An international group of contributors constructs rich narratives of the politics of Latin American policy sector evolution since the Cold War. Besides the aforementioned, included sectors span regional development banking, infrastructure planning, electricity distribution, migration governance, climate action, neglected tropical diseases, and food policies. This volume equips readers from various academic disciplines and the policy world to understand the relevance of core international relations theory for the analysis of policy sectors that cross national borders, both within Latin America and elsewhere, and especially throughout the global South.

    Foreword  Preface  Part 1: International Policy Regionalism: Why, How, and the Theoretical Significance of Latin America  1. How Latin America Cooperates: A Brief Look at the Historical Record  2. Theory: The International Relations of Regional Policy Cooperation  3. Methods: Investigating International Policy Regionalism in the Global South and Beyond  Part 2: International Power Structures and Policy Sector Results  4. Illegal Drugs: How the Support of Prohibition Undermines Effective Regional Solutions  5. Infrastructure: Explaining the Divergent Experiences of Central and South America  6. Long-Term Finance: The Challenging International Politics of Regional Development Banks  Part 3: The Strength of Issue Arena Incentives  7. Energy: Interconnection without Integration  8. Immigration and Asylum: The Political Economy of Migration Governance in South America since the Cold War  9. Climate Action: Splintered Multilateralism and Networked Transnationalism  Part 4: When Norm Entrepreneurs Lead  10. Neglected Tropical Diseases: Health Governance at the Global-Regional Nexus  11. Artificial Intelligence: Latin America’s Contested Norms  12. Food Policy: Examining the Influence of Brazilian Coalitions  Part 5: Conclusions: Findings and Further Questions, Empirical and Theoretical  13. Lessons from South American Policy Regionalism


    Leslie Elliott Armijo holds research affiliations with Simon Fraser University (SIS) and Boston University (GDP Center) and has been a Visiting Scholar in Rio de Janeiro (PUC), New Delhi (CPR), Berlin (FUB), and São Paulo (USP). She is (co)author or editor of The BRICS and Collective Financial Statecraft (2018), Unexpected Outcomes: How Emerging Economies Survived the Global Financial Crisis (2015), The Financial Statecraft of Emerging Powers (2014), Debating the Global Financial Architecture (2002), Financial Globalization and Democracy in Emerging Markets (1999), and fifty odd articles or chapters on ethics, democracy, growth, and international politics in Latin America and India.

    Markus Fraundorfer is Lecturer in Global Governance at the University of Leeds and the program director of the MA Global Governance & Diplomacy. He examines current transformation processes in global governance and previously researched Brazil’s role in regional and global governance. He worked at the University of São Paulo and was a visiting fellow at the Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio) and the University of Brasília. His previous books include Brazil’s Emerging Role in Global Governance: Health, Food Security and Bioenergy (2015), Rethinking Global Democracy in Brazil (2018), and Global Governance in the Age of the Anthropocene (2022).

    Sybil D. Rhodes directs the Department of Political and Juridical Sciences and the Foreign Policy Observatory at the Universidad del Cema in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Her areas of expertise include the politics of international public policy and multilateral cooperation, particularly in the policy arenas of migration, citizenship and human rights, as well as infrastructure and consumer protection. 

    “Policy rather than politics: this is the right way to make sense of Latin American regionalism. Focusing on international problem solving rather than institution-building, the authors highlight function over form and look into effective cooperation rather than rhetorical integration. This book is theoretically informed, yet no-nonsensical, and its empirically based chapters put analysis before prescription. It’s about time!”

    Andrés Malamud, Institute of Social Sciences, University of Lisbon

    “…a renewed theoretical corpus and updated empirical analysis of regionalism applied to multiple public policy arenas in recent South America. It is an essential work…”

    Elsa Llenderrozas, Ciencia Política, Universidad de Buenos Aires 

    "… a very timely, thought-provoking contribution to the debate on bridging the gap between academia and policy making.”

    Oliver Della Costa Stuenkel, International Relations, Fundação Getulio Vargas (FGV), São Paulo 

    “This invaluable volume expands consideration of regionalism in Latin America beyond the usual narrowly institutional focus, with profound consequences for how we conceptualize governance in this part of the global South.”

    Eric Hershberg, Department of Government and CLALS, American University

    “…the essential guide to South American regionalism in comparative perspective.”

    Kevin P. Gallagher, Director, Boston University Global Development Policy Center