Place-based strategies are widely discussed as powerful instruments of economic and community development. In terms of the European debate, the local level – cities, towns and neighbourhoods – has recently come under increased scrutiny as a potentially decisive actor in Cohesion Policy. As understandings of socio-spatial and economic cohesion evolve, the idea that spatial justice requires a concerted policy response has gained currency.
Given the political, social and economic salience of locale, this book explores the potential contribution of place-based initiative to more balanced and equitable socio-economic development, as well as growth in a more general sense. The overall architecture of the book and the individual chapters address place-based perspectives from a number of vantage points, including the potential of achieving greater effectiveness in EU and national level development policies, through a greater local level and citizens' role and concrete actions for achieving this; enhancing decision-making autonomy by pooling local capacities for action; linking relative local autonomy to development outcomes and viewing spatial justice as a concept and policy goal. The book highlights, through the use of case studies, how practicable and actionable knowledge can be gained from local development experiences.
This book targets researchers, practitioners and students who seek to learn more about place-based based development and its potentials. Its cross-cutting focus on spatial justice and place will ensure that the book is of wider international interest.
The Open Access version of this book, available at www.taylorfrancis.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives (CC-BY-NC-ND) 4.0 license. Funded by The University of Eastern Finland.
01. Introduction: the RELOCAL perspective (Matti Fritsch, Petri Kahila, Sarolta Németh and James W. Scott) Part 1. Cohesion and the Role of Localities: Research and Policy Debates 02. The localities approach: (European) Cohesion, spatial justice and the development role of place (James W. Scott) 03. Spatial justice and locality: The conceptual framework and its application (Ali Madanipour, Elizabeth Brooks, Mark Shucksmith and Hilary Talbot) Part 2. Spatial Justice in Local Development 04. Approaching spatial justice in local practices: A European comparative perspective on promoters, inhibitors and achievements (Peter Schmitt and Sabine Weck) 05. Stigmatization and cultural foundations of spatial injustice (Enikő Vincze, Cristina Bădiță and Iulia-Elena Hossu} 06. Drivers of place-based community development: Perceptions of spatial injustice and the role of institutionally embedded responses (Judit Keller and Tünde Virág) 07. Towards spatial justice across Europe through place-based interventions. Lessons learned from considering medium-horizon future scenarios (Paulina Tobiasz-Lis, Karolina Dmochowska-Dudek, Marcin Wójcik, Simone Piras, Margaret Currie, Dominic Duckett and Andrew Copus) 08. The RELOCAL case studies approach (Sarolta Németh and Sabine Weck) Part 3. Urban Case Studies 09. Innovation and governance to halt urban fragmentation: The case of the Commission for a Socially Sustainable Stockholm (Thomas Borén) 10. PLACE/Ladywell housing project, London: A temporary local project with metropolitan impacts. (Ali Madanipour, Elizabeth Brooks and Mark Shucksmith) 11. Incomplete justice is no justice: Learning from the neoliberal and elitist planning experiences of Euralens and EPA Alzette-Belval (Cyril Blondel and Estelle Evrard) Part 4. Rural Case Studies 12. Polarization, centralization and place-based policies in Greece (Lefteris Topaloglou, George Petrakos, Victor Cupcea and Aggeliki Anagnostou) 13. The struggle against territorial disadvantage in a peripheral Finnish town: Balancing between effectiveness and democratic accountability in local government (Matti Fritsch, Sarolta Németh and Petri Kahila) 14. Autonomy and spatial justice in rural LEADER - A case study comparison between Hungary, Romania and England (Katalin Kovács, Elizabeth Brooks, George Zamfir, Mark Shucksmith and Gusztáv Nemes) Part 5. Conclusions and Policy Considerations 15. Conclusions and policy considerations – what does local experience tell us? (Matti Fritsch, Petri Kahila, Sarolta Németh and James W. Scott)