The ways in which we travel have a huge impact on sustainability. This book addresses the relationship between travel patterns and the physical form of cities, and considers the role of spatial planning in that relationship. Three sections present empirical research and commentaries from leading academics and practitioners from Europe, the USA, Australia and Japan. The first section considers the impact of urban form in combination with factors such as lifestyles and socio-demographic change on sustainable transport. The second addresses the impact of different elements of urban form, such as density, configuration and mix of uses, on mobility. The final section focuses on issues surrounding the implementation of spatial planning policies to support sustainable travel. The book will be of interest to practitioners, academics and students in the fields of planning, transport and geography.
Table of Contents
Contents: Spatial planning, urban form and sustainable transport: an introduction, Katie Williams. The Impact Of Urban Form In Combination With Other Factors On Sustainable Transport: The relationship between land use and travel patterns: variations by household type, Tim Schwanen, Martin Dijst and Frans M Dieleman; A lifestyles approach to investigating residential mobility and travel behaviour, Joachim Scheiner and Birgit Kasper; Spatial analysis and modelling based on activities: a pilot study for Antwerpen and Gent, Belgium, Hans Tindemans, Dries Van Hofstraeten, Ann Verhetsel and Frank Witlox; Spatial development and leisure mobility in an ageing society, Birgit Kasper and Joachim Scheiner; Reducing travel by design: what about change over time?, Robin Hickman and David Banister. The Relationship Between Different Aspects Of Urban Form And Sustainable Transport: The effects of proximity to infrastructure on employment development: preliminary evidence from the Netherlands, Kees Maat and Dominic Stead; The compact city as a means of reducing reliance on the car: a model-based analysis for a sustainable urban layout, Mamoru Taniguchi and Taichiro Ikeda; Patterns of drivers' exposure to particulate matter, Birgit Krausse and John Mardaljevic. Sustainable Transport Policies and their Implementation: The Gordian knot: resisting sustainability in urban transport in Australia, Nicholas Low; Creating liveable streets: developing traffic management guidelines for Western Australia, Carey Curtis; Integrating land use policy into regional transport planning: the metropolitan planning process in the Central Puget Sound Region of Washington State, USA, Rocky Piro; Index.
Dr Katie Williams is Reader in Urban Sustainability, Research co-ordinator for the Department of Architecture and Research Director of the Sustainable Urban Environments Unit of the Oxford Institute for Sustainable Development, Oxford Brookes University, UK.