Spatial Thinking in Environmental Contexts : Maps, Archives, and Timelines book cover
1st Edition

Spatial Thinking in Environmental Contexts
Maps, Archives, and Timelines

ISBN 9781138631854
Published August 15, 2019 by CRC Press
248 Pages 271 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Spatial Thinking in Environmental Contexts: Maps, Archives, and Timelines cultivates the spatial thinking "habit of mind" as a critical geographical view of how the world works, including how environmental systems function, and how we can approach and solve environmental problems using maps, archives, and timelines. The work explains why spatial thinking matters as it helps readers to integrate a variety of methods to describe and analyze spatial/temporal events and phenomena in disparate environmental contexts. It weaves together maps, GIS, timelines, and storytelling as important strategies in examining concepts and procedures in analyzing real-world data and relationships. The work thus adds significant value to qualitative and quantitative research in environmental (and related) sciences.


  • Written by internationally renowned experts known for taking complex ideas and finding accessible ways to more broadly understand and communicate them.
  • Includes real-world studies explaining the merging of disparate data in a sensible manner, understandable across several disciplines.
  • Unique approach to spatial thinking involving animated maps, 3D maps, GEOMATs, and story maps to integrate maps, archives, and timelines—first across a single environmental example and then through varied examples.
  • Merges spatial and temporal views on a broad range of environmental issues from traditional environmental topics to more unusual ones involving urban studies, medicine, municipal/governmental application, and citizen-scientist topics.
  • Provides easy to follow step-by-step instructions to complete tasks; no prior experience in data processing is needed.

Table of Contents

Section I: Introductory Matter

1. Spatial Thinking: Maps, the New Paradigm

[Joseph Kerski]

2. Spatial Thinking: Archives and Timelines

[Sandra L. Arlinghaus]

3. Spatial Thinking: Book Structure

[Sandra L. Arlinghaus]

Section II: Animaps, 1990s

4. Animaps: Varroa Honeybee Mite

[Diana Sammataro, Sandra L. Arlinghaus, and John D. Nystuen]

5. Animap Timelines: The Space-Time Pattern of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, Syria 1990–1997

[Salma Haidar, Mark L. Wilson, and Sandra L. Arlinghaus]

6. Animap Abstraction: The Clickable Map, Virtual Reality, and More

[Sandra L. Arlinghaus, with input from William C. Arlinghaus, Michael Batty, Klaus-Peter Beier, Matthew Naud, and John D. Nystuen]

Section III: 3D Maps: Georeferencing, Turn of the Millennium

7. 3D Maps: Varroa Honey Bee Mite and More

[Sandra L. Arlinghaus and Diana Sammataro]

8. 3D Charts: Greater London, 1901–2001: Georeferencing of Population Data and Rank–Size Patterns

[Michael Batty and Sandra L. Arlinghaus]

9. 3D Charts: Air Pollution Changes in Metropolitan Detroit, 1988–2004

[Kerry Ard]

10. 3D Tree Inventory: Geosocial Networking: An Ann Arbor Before-and-After Study

[David E. Arlinghaus and Sandra L. Arlinghaus]

11. 3D Georeferencing: Downtown Ann Arbor Creek Images, Revisited

[Sandra L. Arlinghaus]

Section IV: GEO MATs, 2000s

12. Varroa GEOMAT: Honeybee Mite

[Sandra L. Arlinghaus and Diana Sammataro]

13. Groundwater GEOMAT: Google Earth Applications in a Community Information System

[Roger Rayle]

14. Pacemaker GEOMAT: My Heart Your Heart: Organization of Efforts Linked by QR Codes

[Thomas C. Crawford, Kim A. Eagle, and Sandra L. Arlinghaus]

15. Detroit GEOMAT: Chene Street History Study: Scale Transformation, Layering, and Nesting

[Marian Krzyzowski, Karen Majewska, Sandra L. Arlinghaus, and Ann Evans Larimore, with input from Anna Topolska, Hannah Litow, Shera Avi-Yonah, Robert Haug]

16. GEOMAT Guide: Summary: Study the Past, Understand the Present, Prepare for the Future

[Ann Evans Larimore, Sandra L. Arlinghaus, and Robert J. Haug]

Section V: Story Maps, 2010s

17. Types of Story Maps

[Joseph Kerski]

18. Varroa Story Map: All Together Now

[Sandra L. Arlinghaus and Diana Sammataro]

19. Tree Canopy Story Map: Health Impact Assessments Inform Community

Tree Planting and Climate Adaptation Strategies

[Matthew Naud with input from Sandra L. Arlinghaus]

20. Web Maps as Story Telling

[Joseph Kerski]

21. In Closing: Spatial Thinking, from Evolution to Revolution

[Sandra L. Arlinghaus, Joseph Kerski, Ann Evans Larimore, and Matthew Naud]

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Sandra L. Arlinghaus holds a Ph.D. in theoretical geography (The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor) and other degrees and advanced education in mathematics (from Vassar College, the University of Chicago, the University of Toronto, and Wayne State University). She holds an M.A. in Geography from Wayne State University, an A. B. in Mathematics from Vassar College, and a High School Diploma from the University of Chicago, Laboratory Schools. She has published over 300 books and articles, many in peer-reviewed publications. She continues innovative approaches in publication as creator of Solstice: An Electronic Journal of Geography and Mathematics, perhaps the world’s first online peer-reviewed publication (1990-), and as co-creator with William C. Arlinghaus and Frank Harary of John Wiley & Sons first eBook in 2002. Dr. Arlinghaus is the co-author of CRC Press' book Spatial Mathematics: Theory and Practice through Mapping, published in 2013