Species Sensitivity Distributions in Ecotoxicology: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Species Sensitivity Distributions in Ecotoxicology

1st Edition

Edited by Leo Posthuma, Glenn W. Suter II, Theo P. Traas

CRC Press

616 pages | 136 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781566705783
pub: 2001-12-20
eBook (VitalSource) : 9780429136986
pub: 2001-12-20
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In spite of the growing importance of Species Sensitivity Distribution models (SSDs) in ecological risk assessments, the conceptual basis, strengths, and weaknesses of using them have not been comprehensively reviewed. This book fills that need. Written by a panel of international experts, Species Sensitivity Distributions in Ecotoxicology reviews the current SSD methods from all angles, compiling for the first time the variety of contemporary applications of SSD-based methods.

Beginning with an introduction to SSDs, the chapter authors review the issues surrounding SSDs, synthesizing the positions of advocates and critics with their own analysis of each issue. Finally, they discuss the prospects for future development, paving the way for improved future uses. In sum, this book defines the field of SSD modeling and application. It reveals a lively field, with SSD-applications extending beyond legally adopted quality criteria to other applications such as Life-Cycle Analysis.

For anyone developing or revising environmental criteria or standards, this book explores the pros and cons of using the SSD approach. For anyone who needs to apply and interpret SSD-based criteria or standards, the book explains the basis for the numbers, thereby making it possible to correctly apply and defend them. For anyone performing ecological risk assessments, the book covers when and how to use SSDs including alternative assumptions, data treatments, computational methods, and available resources. Species Sensitivity Distributions in Ecotoxicology provides you with a clear picture of these standard models for estimating ecological risks from laboratory toxicity data.


"This book is an exciting addition to the risk analysis literature…The concepts behind this book are a real conceptual leap forward…I highly recommend this stimulating book. Forget the equations; stand back and view these ideas from afar. Let the larger implications penetrate your mind."

-Curtis Travis

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Table of Contents

General Introduction to Species Sensitivity Distributions, L. Posthuma, T.P. Traas, and G.W. Suter II

North American History of Species Sensitivity Distributions, G. W. Suter II

European History of Species Sensitivity Distributions, N. M. van Straalen, K. J. van Leeuwen

Theory of Ecological Risk Assessment Based on Species Sensitivity Distributions, Nico M. van Straalen

Normal Species Sensitivity Distributions and Probabilistic Ecological Risk Assessment, T. Aldenberg, J. S. Jaworska, and T. P. Traas

Extrapolation Factors for Tiny Toxicity Data Sets from Species Sensitivity Distributions with Known Standard Deviation, T. Aldenberg and R. Luttik

Species Sensitivity Distributions in Ecological Risk Assessment: Distributional Assumptions, Alternate Bootstrap Techniques, and Estimation of Adequate Number of Species, M. C. Newman, D. R. Ownby, L. C.A. Mézin, D. C. Powell, T. R.L. Christensen, S. B. Lerberg, B.-A. Anderson, and T. V. Padma

Observed Regularities in SSDs for Aquatic Species, D. de Zwart

The Value of the Species Sensitivity Distribution Concept for Predicting Field Effects: (Non-)Confirmation of the Concept Using Semi-Field Experiments, P. J. Van den Brink, T. C.M. Brock and L. Posthuma

Effects Assessment of Fabric Softeners: The DHTDMAC-Case, K. J. van Leeuwen, J. Jaworska

Use of Species Sensitivity Distributions in the Derivation of Water Quality Criteria for Aquatic life by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, C. E. Stephan

Environmental Risk Limits in the Netherlands, D. T.H.M. Sijm, A. P. van Wezel, and T. Crommentuijn

A Rank-Based Approach to Deriving Canadian Soil and Sediment Quality Guidelines, C. Gaudet, D. Bright, K. Adare, and K. Potter

Ecotoxicological Soil Quality Criteria in Denmark, J. J. Scott-Fordsmand, and J. Jensen

Probabilistic Risk Assessment Using Species Sensitivity Distributions, K.R. Solomon and P. Takacs

The Potentially Affected Fraction as a Measure of Ecological Risk, T. P. Traas, D. Van de Meent, L. Posthuma, T. H.M. Hamers, B. J. Kater, D. de Zwart, and T. Aldenberg

Methodology for Aquatic Ecological Risk Assessment, W. J. Warren-Hicks, B. R. Parkhurst, and J. B. Butcher

Toxicity-Based Assessment of Water Quality, D. de Zwart and A. Sterkenburg

Mapping Risks of Heavy Metals to Birds and Mammals Using Species Sensitivity Distributions, T. P. Traas, R. Luttik, and H. Mensink

Ecotoxicological Impacts in Life Cycle Assessment, M. Huijbregts, D. van de Meent, M. Goedkoop, and R. Spriensma

Issues and Practices in the Derivation and Use of Species Sensitivity Distributions, G. W. Suter II, T. P. Traas, and L. Posthuma

Conceptual and Technical Outlook on Species Sensitivity Distributions, L. Posthuma, T. P. Traas, D. de Zwart, and G. W. Suter II

Appendix A: The Interactive Poster Session "Use of Species Sensitivity Distributions in Ecotoxicology", T. H.M. Hamers, T. P. Traas, and L. Posthuma

Appendix B: List of programs




Subject Index

About the Series

Environmental and Ecological Risk Assessment

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MATHEMATICS / Probability & Statistics / General
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General