Specific Interactions and the Miscibility of Polymer Blends  book cover
1st Edition

Specific Interactions and the Miscibility of Polymer Blends

ISBN 9780367401511
Published September 23, 2019 by CRC Press
516 Pages

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Book Description

This book with software provides powerful tools for the analysis, prediction and creation of new polymer blends, an area of significant commercial potential. The R&D approaches and methods described in the book have attracted the interest of polymer R&D leaders in industry, and have been put into use in several major chemical companies. The companion set of computer programs speeds and facilitates work in this area.


During the 1980's a steadily increasing number of compatible systems [polymer blends] have been reported. We believe that miscible mixtures will prove to be fairly common and the purpose of this book is to explore the circumstances in which single phase materials can be obtained. We will also describe a model for the phase behavior of these mixtures which we believe to have a predictive value, or be used as a practical guide to polymer miscibility.

Our approach is based on the use of association models which have until recently been largely ignored in treating hydrogen bonding in polymer mixtures. They have most frequently been applied to mixtures of alcohols with simple hydrocarbons, where the equilibrium constants used to describe association have most frequently been determined by a fit to thermodynamic data (e.g., vapor pressures, heat of mixing). In our work we have sought to, first, adapt this approach to a description of the phase behavior of polymer mixtures; second, develop spectroscopic methods that provide an independent measurement of the equilibrium constants.

Our purpose in this book is to explore and describe this approach and illustrate its broad utility. We address two overlapping yet different audiences. One would be primarily interested in the broad nature of this approach and the practical applications of a simple model. The second would be more interested in the derivations of the equations and some of the fundamental aspects of the spectroscopy of these systems.


Table of Contents

Preface. Glossary of Common Symbols. The Thermodynamics of Mixing. A Practical Guide to Polymer Miscibility. The Nature of the Hydrogen Bond. Equilibrium Constants and Stoichiometry of Hydrogen Bonding. Vibrational Spectroscopy and the Hydrogen Bond. Association Models and Thermodynamics of Mixing Molecules with Strong Specific Interactions. Calculation of Phase Diagrams of Strongly Interacting Polymers.

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Coleman, Michael M.; Painter, Paul C.; Graf, John F.