1st Edition

Spoil to Soil: Mine Site Rehabilitation and Revegetation

Edited By N.S. Bolan, M.B. Kirkham, Y.S. Ok Copyright 2018
    392 Pages 50 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    391 Pages 50 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Spoil to Soil: Mine Site Rehabilitation and Revegetation presents both fundamental and practical aspects of remediation and revegetation of mine sites. Through three major themes, it examines characterization of mine site spoils; remediation of chemical, physical and biological constraints of mine site spoils, including post mine-site land-use practices; and revegetation of remediated mine site spoils. Each theme includes chapters featuring case studies involving mine sites around the world. The final section focuses specifically on case studies with successful mine site rehabilitation.

    The book provides a narrative of how inert spoil can be converted to live soil. Instructive illustrations show mine sites before and after rehabilitation. The purpose of this book is to provide students, scientists, and professional personnel in the mining industry sensible, science-based information needed to rehabilitate sustainably areas disturbed by mining activities.

    This book is suitable for undergraduate and graduate students majoring in environmental, earth, and soil sciences; environmental and soil scientists; and mine site environmental engineers and regulators.






    Section I Mine Site Characterization

    Chapter 1 Characterization and Improvement in Physical, Chemical, and Biological

    Properties of Mine Wastes

    Binoy Sarkar, Hasintha Wijesekara, Sanchita Mandal, Mandeep Singh,

    and N.S. Bolan

    Chapter 2 Chemical Characterization of Mine Sites

    Xinni Xiong, Daniel C.W. Tsang, and Y.S. Ok

    Chapter 3 Sources and Management of Acid Mine Drainage

    S.R. Gurung, Hasintha Wijesekara, Balaji Seshadri, R.B. Stewart,

    P.E.H. Gregg, and N.S. Bolan

    Section II Mine Site Rehabilitation Practices

    Chapter 4 Use of Biowaste for Mine Site Rehabilitation: A Meta-Analysis

    on Soil Carbon Dynamics

    Hasintha Wijesekara, N.S. Bolan, Kim Colyvas, Balaji Seshadri,

    Y.S. Ok, Yasser M. Awad, Yilu Xu, Ramesh Thangavel, Aravind Surapaneni,

    Christopher Saint, and Meththika Vithanage

    Chapter 5 Rehabilitation of Biological Characteristics in Mine Tailings

    Longbin Huang and Fang You

    Chapter 6 Nanoscale Materials for Mine Site Remediation

    Tapan Adhikari and Rajarathnam Dharmarajan

    Section III Post Mine Site Land-Use Practices

    Chapter 7 Profitable Beef Cattle Production on Rehabilitated Mine Lands

    Dee Murdoch and Rajasekar Karunanithi

    Chapter 8 Restoring Forests on Surface Coal Mines in Appalachia: A Regional

    Reforestation Approach with Global Application

    Christopher D. Barton, Kenton Sena, Teagan Dolan,

    Patrick Angel, and Carl Zipper

    Chapter 9 Recreating a Headwater Stream System on a Valley Fill in Appalachia, USA

    Carmen T. Agouridis, Christopher D. Barton, and Richard C. Warner

    Chapter 10 Key Issues in Mine Closure Planning for Pit Lakes

    Jerry A. Vandenberg and Cherie D. McCullough

    Chapter 11 Carbon Sequestration Potential on Mined Lands

    Sally Brown, Andrew Trlica, John Lavery, and Mark Teshima

    Section IV Mine Site Revegetation Potential

    Chapter 12 Phytotechnologies for Mine Site Rehabilitation

    Ramesh Thangavel, Rajasekar Karunanithi, Hasintha Wijesekara, Yubo Yan,

    Balaji Seshadri, and N.S. Bolan

    Chapter 13 Phytocapping of Mine Waste at Derelict Mine Sites in New South Wales

    Dane Lamb, Peter Sanderson, Liang Wang,

    Mohammed Kader, and Ravi Naidu

    Chapter 14 Rehabilitation of an Abandoned Mine Site with Biosolids

    Abdulaziz Alghamdi, M.B. Kirkham, Deann R. Presley, Ganga Hettiarachchi,

    and Leigh Murray

    Chapter 15 Dynamics of Heavy Metal(loid)s in Mine Soils.

    Anitha Kunhikrishnan, N.S. Bolan, Saikat Chowdhury, Jin Hee Park,

    Hyuck Soo Kim, Girish Choppala, Bhupinder Pal Singh, and Won Il Kim

    Section V C ase Studies of Successful

    Mine Site Rehabilitation

    Chapter 16 Mine Site Reclamation in Canada: Overview and Case Studies

    Jin-Hyeob Kwak, Abimbola Ojekanmi, Min Duan, Scott X. Chang,

    and M. Anne Naeth

    Chapter 17 Case Studies of Successful Mine Site Rehabilitation: Malaysia

    Soon Kong Yong and Suhaimi Abdul-Talib


    Nanthi Bolan served as the Chair in Environmental Science and Dean of Graduate Studies at the University of South Australia. His teaching and research interests include agronomic value of manures, fertilisers and soil amendments, soil acidification, nutrient cycling, pollutant interactions in soils, and soil remediation.Nanthi is a Fellow of American Soil Science Society, American Society of Agronomy and New Zealand Soil Science Society, and was awarded the Communicator of the Year award by the New Zealand Institute of Agricultural Sciences. He has supervised a number of postgraduate students and was awarded the Massey University Research Medal for excellence in supervision. He has published more than 150 papers and is currently serving as the Associate Editor of Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology.

    Mary Beth Kirkham is a graduate of Wellesley College (B.A.), the University of Wisconsin, Madison (M.S. and Ph.D.), and is professor in the Department of Agronomy at Kansas State University, Manhattan. Kirkham is the author or co-author of over 250 contributions to scientific journals and is on the editorial boards of Soil Science, Soil Research, and Geoderma. Kirkham is a Fellow of the American Society of Agronomy, the Soil Science Society of America, the Crop Science Society of America, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and is on the Executive Committee of the International Union of Soil Science.

    Dr. Yong Sik Ok is a Full Professor in the Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University, Seoul, Korea, where he also serves as Director of the Korea Biochar Research Center. His positions include Adjunct Professor at the University of Wuppertal, Germany, Adjunct Professor at the University of Southern Queensland, Australia, Guest Professor at China Jiliang University, China and Guest Professor at Ghent University Global Campus, Ghent University, Belgium. Prof. Ok holds a B.S., a M.Sc.,  and a Ph.D. from the Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Korea University, Seoul. He was a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Department of Renewable Resources, University of Alberta and held Visiting Professorships in the Department of Renewable Resources (University of Alberta), in the Faculty of Bioscience Engineering (Ghent University), in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (Hong Kong Polytechnic University) and in the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering (National University of Singapore). Prof. Ok's research interests include waste management, bioavailability of emerging contaminants, and bioenergy and value-added products such as biochar. He also has experience in fundamental soil science and remediation of various contaminants in soils and sediments. Together with graduate students and colleagues, Prof. Ok has published over 400 research papers.