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Spontaneous Emission and Laser Oscillation in Microcavities





ISBN 9780849337864
Published August 30, 1995 by CRC Press
384 Pages

 
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Book Description

In spite of the increasing importance of microcavities, device physics or the observable phenomena in optical microcavities such as enhanced or inhibited spontaneous emission and its relation with the laser oscillation has not been systematically well-described-until now. Spontaneous Emission and Laser Oscillation in Microcavities presents the basics of optical microcavities. The volume is divided into ten chapters, each written by respected authorities in their areas. The book surveys several methods describing free space spontaneous emission and discusses changes in the feature due to the presence of a cavity. The effect of dephasing of vacuum fields on spontaneous emission in a microcavity and the effects of atomic broadening on spontaneous emission in an optical microcavity are examined. The book details the splitting in transmission peaks of planar microcavities containing semiconductor quantum wells. A simple but useful way to consider the change in the spontaneous emission rate from the viewpoint of mode density alteration by wavelength-sized cavities is provided. Authors also discuss the spontaneous emission in dielectric planar microcavities. Spontaneous emission in microcavity surface emitting lasers is covered, as are the effects of electron confinement in semiconductor quantum wells, wires, and boxes also given. The volume extends the controlling spontaneous emission phenomenon to laser oscillation. Starting from the Fermi golden rule, the microcavity laser rate equations are derived, and the oscillation characteristics are analyzed. Recent progress in optical microcavity experiments is summarized, and the applicability in massively optical parallel processing systems and demands for the device performance are explored. This volume is extremely useful as a textbook for graduate and postgraduate students and works well as a unique reference for researchers beginning to study in the field.

Table of Contents

Spontaneous Emission in Optical Cavities: A Tutorial Review, E.V. Goldstein and P. Meystre
Introduction
Free Space Spontaneous Emission
Spontaneous Emission in Cavities
Velocity-Dependent Spontaneous Emission
Conclusion
A Simple Theory on the Effect of Dephasing of Vacuum Fields on Spontaneous Emission in a Microcavity, Y. Lee
Introduction
Theoretical Model I
Theoretical Model II
Summary
Appendicies A-C
Effects of Atomic Broadening on Spontaneous Emission in an Optical Microcavity, K. Ujihara
Introduction
Analysis of Spontaneous Emission
Discussion and Conclusion
Microcavities and Semiconductors: The Strong-Coupling Regime, C. Weisbuch, R. Houdré, and R.P. Stanley
Introduction
The Fabry-Pérot Resonator: A Planar Microcavity
Models of Strong Light-Matter Coupling
Optics of Semiconductors
Conclusion
Electromagnetic Field Mode Density Calculated via Mode Counting, S.D. Brorson
Introduction
No Confinement: A Dipole in Free Space
One Dimension of Confinement: The Planar Mirror Cavity
Two Dimensions of Confinement: The Waveguide Cavity
Three Dimensions of Confinement: The Box Microcavity
Discussion
Spontaneous Emission in Dielectric Planar Microcavities, G. Björk and Y. Yamamoto
Introduction
The Ideal Planar Cavity
Fundamentals of Dielectric Bragg Mirrors
Dielectric Cavity Spontaneous Emission Pattern
Dielectric Cavity Spontaneous Emission Lifetime
Dielectric Cavity Stimulated Emission
Conclusions and Outlooks
Spontaneous Emission in Microcavity Surface Emitting Lasers, T. Baba and K. Iga
Introduction
Spontaneous Emission in a Microcavity
Expression of Radiation Energy
Modes in Microcavity SELS
Spontaneous Emission Factor
Effects of Electron Quantum Confinement
Lasing Characteristics
Summary
Spontaneous and Stimulated Emission in the Microcavity Laser, H. Yokoyama
Introduction
Photon Emission in Microcavities
Microcavity Lasers

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Editor(s)

Biography

Hiroyuki Yokoyama

Kikuo Ujihara