The development of both elite, high performance sport and mass participation, grassroots-level sport are central concerns for governments and sports governing bodies. This important new study is the first to closely examine the challenges and opportunities for sports development in the United States, a global sporting giant with a unique, market-driven sporting landscape.
Presenting an innovative model of integrated sports development, the book explores the inter-relationship between elite and mass sport across history, drawing on comparative international examples from Australia to the former USSR and Eastern bloc countries. At the heart of the book is an in-depth empirical study of three (traditional and emerging) sports in the US – tennis, soccer and rugby – that offer important lessons on the development of elite sport, methods for increasing participation, and the establishment of new sports in new markets.
No other book has attempted to model sports development in the United States in such depth before. Therefore this should be essential reading for all students, researchers, administrators or policy-makers with an interest in sports development, sports management, sports policy, or comparative, international sport studies.
1. Introduction: phenomenon of elite and mass sport 2. Ideal-type model for an integrated elite and mass sport system 3. From one Cold War to another: recent U.S. sport development 4. U.S. elite and mass tennis, rugby, and soccer: the state of the art and opportunities for development 5. Reality and possible advancements for U.S. sport: improving health and performance
"This volume offers a comprehensive examination of the structures designed to promote and nurture collegiate and professional sports in the US. As part of their research, the authors developed what they call the Smolianov and Zakus model of sports development. The authors acknowledge imperfections within the US sport system, and they conclude their study by offering solutions to widen participation, ensure success, and improve national health. This model of sports development is a significant contribution to the field of sport history. Summing Up: Recommended." -C. M. Smith, Cabrini College, CHOICE Reviews, May 2015