Sport has long been a paradoxical environment with respect to issues of 'race', ethnicity, and identity. For much of the twentieth century, sports around the world were enclaves of difference. Whites and non-whites, for example, were separated on the sports field as they were in many ways off the field. Today sport is much more inclusive, with athletic ability of greater importance than skin colour or ancestry. Yet enmity and antagonism still appear in sport via instances of racial vilification or hostility between some groups. Other problems include the relative absence of minorities from positions of power and influence in sport, as well as folkloric assumptions about athletic ability based upon stereotypes about 'race' or ethnic background.
This book discusses issues of diversity, capacity and equity in the colourful world of global sport. A panoramic approach, covering 'race', ethnicity and identity is consistent with the contemporary global migration of professional athletes, as well as the multicultural contexts of sport in various regions. This collection of essays therefore addresses international dimensions of sport, commonality and difference, as well as the special circumstances of sport and social relations in particular places.
This book was previously published as a special issue of Sport in Society.
Table of Contents
Foreword - Building global understanding: ethnocultural diversity and sport Daryl Adair 1. ‘The race for supremacy’: the politics of ‘white’ sport in South Africa, 1870 – 1910 Dean Allen 2. History and its racial legacies: quotas in South African rugby and cricket Christopher Merrett, Colin Tatz and Daryl Adair 3 Around the world: problematizing the Harlem Globetrotters as cold war warriors Damion Thomas 4 The televised sport ‘monkey trial’: ‘race’ and the politics of post-colonial cricket David Rowe 5. International development or white man’s burden? The IAAF’s Regional Development Centres and regional sporting assistance James Connor and Melissa McEwen 6. In-groups, out-groups and contested identities in Scottish international football Joseph M. Bradley 7. Ethnicity, structure and globalization: an argument about Association football in Australia, 1958 – 2010 Roy Hay
Daryl Adair earned a PhD in Australian history from the Flinders University of South Australia in 1994. Since then he has researched and taught sport history at De Montfort University Leicester and the University of Queensland, then added sport media and sport management to his repertoire at the University of Canberra. He is currently an Associate Professor of Sport in the UTS Business School at the University of Technology, Sydney.