Sport and war have been closely linked in Australian and New Zealand society since the nineteenth century. Sport has, variously, been advocated as appropriate training for war, lambasted as a distraction from the war effort, and resorted to as an escape from wartime trials and tribulations. War has limited the fortunes of some sporting codes – and some individuals – while others have blossomed in the changed circumstances.
The chapters in this book range widely over the broad subject of Australian and New Zealand sport and their relation to the cataclysmic world wars of the first half of the twentieth century. They examine the mythology of the links between sport and war, sporting codes, groups of sporting individuals, and individual sportspeople. Revealing complex and often unpredictable effects of total wars upon individuals and social groups which as always, created chaos, and the sporting field offered no exception. This book was originally published as a special issue of the International Journal of the History of Sport.
1. Introduction: Sport, War and Society in Australia and New Zealand
Martin Crotty and Rob Hess
2. Exploding the Myths of Sport and the Great War: A First Salvo
3. Australasia’s 1912 Olympians and the Great War
4. Missing in Action? New Perspectives on the Origins and Diffusion of Women’s Football in Australia during the Great War
5. Fronting Up: Australian Soccer and the First World War
6. The Role of Sport for Australian POWs of the Turks during the First World War
Kate Ariotti and Martin Crotty
7. Men Who Defaulted in the Greatest Game of All: Sport, Conscientious Objectors and Military Defaulters in New Zealand 1916 – 1923
8. ‘Carry On’: The Response of the Victorian Football League to the Challenges of World War II
9. W. N. ‘Bill’ Carson: Double All Black, Military Cross Recipient
Lynn Charles McConnell
10. The Controversial Cec Pepper and the Australian Services Cricket Team: The Test Career That Never Was