As athletes of today grapple with how to use their public platforms to fight for activist causes, Sport and Apartheid South Africa: Histories of Politics, Power, and Protest examines a set of longer histories of sport, ‘race’, and activism. The book seeks to uncover and understand new historical aspects of apartheid and sport, challenge myths, and rethink dominant narratives. It examines the subject of racially segregated sport in South Africa from national and transnational perspectives, asking questions about how athletes and administrators, transnational anti-apartheid groups and activists, and politicians around the world interpreted and internalized racial segregation in South Africa. By connecting the local to the global, this book illuminates the ways in which apartheid sport animated national and international debates, ranging from racism and human rights to Cold War politics and post-colonialism.
Sport and Apartheid South Africa is a significant new contribution to the study of race and politics in sport and will be a great resource for academics, researchers, and advanced students of History, Politics, International Relations, Sociology, and Political Geography.
The chapters in this book were originally published in The International Journal of the History of Sport.
Table of Contents
1. Sport in a Global Landscape of Anti-Apartheid Dissent: South African Histories from Within and Beyond
Michelle M. Sikes, Toby C. Rider and Matthew P. Llewellyn
2. Racing on the Rand: Black Competitive Cycling around Johannesburg, 1930–1960
Todd H. Leedy
3. Apartheid Mountaineering: Race, Politics, and the History of the University of Cape Town Mountain and Ski Club, 1933–1969
4. From Nairobi to Baden-Baden: African Politics, the International Olympic Committee, and Early Efforts to Censure Apartheid South Africa
Michelle M. Sikes
5. The Enemy of My Enemy is My Friend? A Clash of Anti-Apartheid Tactics and Targets in the Olympic Movement of the Early 1960s
Michelle M. Sikes
6. Experimental Tactics on an Uneven Playing Field: Multinational Football and the Apartheid Project during the 1970s
7. White’s Gambit in the Middle Game: Chess, Apartheid, and South Africa’s Sporting Isolation in the 1970s
8. Foster v. Fourie: Race, Politics, and Betrayal in Apartheid South Africa
Eric Allen Hall
9. Double Standards: South Africa, British Rugby, and the Moscow Olympics
James Alexander Ivey
10. Barbarians, Bridge Builders, and Boycott: The British Sports Council’s Fact-Finding Mission to South Africa
Toby C. Rider and Matthew P. Llewellyn
11. Fractured Fandom and Paradoxical Passions: Explaining Support for New Zealand All Black Rugby Teams in South Africa, 1960–2018
Marizanne Grundlingh and Albert Grundlingh
12. Beyond Master Narratives: Local Sources and Global Perspectives on Sport, Apartheid, and Liberation
Michelle M. Sikes is Assistant Professor in the Departments of Kinesiology, African Studies, and History at Pennsylvania State University. She received her D.Phil. from the University of Oxford. Prior to coming to Penn State, Michelle held positions at the University of Cape Town and Stellenbosch University in South Africa.
Toby C. Rider is Associate Professor in the Department of Kinesiology at California State University, Fullerton. He is the author of Cold War Games: Propaganda, the Olympics, and U.S. Foreign Policy (2016), and the co-director of the Center for Sociocultural Sport and Olympic Research.
Matthew P. Llewellyn is Professor in the Department of Kinesiology at California State University, Fullerton. He is the author of The Rise and Fall of Olympic Amateurism (2016), and is currently the co-director of the Center for Sociocultural Sport and Olympic Research and editor of the Journal of Olympic Studies.