Stalinist Genetics: The Constitutional Rhetoric of T. D. Lysenko, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Stalinist Genetics

The Constitutional Rhetoric of T. D. Lysenko, 1st Edition

Edited by Dmitri Stanchevici

Routledge

202 pages

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Hardback: 9780895034021
pub: 2011-09-15
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Description

Stalinist Genetics focuses on the rhetoric of T. D. Lysenko, the founder of an agrobiological doctrine (Lysenkoism) in the Stalinist Soviet Union. Using not only scientific but also political and ideological arguments, Lysenko achieved an official ban on Soviet Mendelian genetics. Though the ban was brief and Lysenkoism, as a leading biological doctrine, was eventually deposed in favor of Mendelism, Lysenkoism remains a paradigmatic example of pernicious political interference in science. In this study, the critical orientation for reading Lysenko's major speeches is constitutional rhetoric. It combines Kenneth Burke's dialectic of constitutions and rhetoric of the subject. Painting a nuanced picture of intellectual, economic, ideological, and political life in the Soviet Union of the 1930s and 1940s, the book demonstrates how the rhetorics of Lysenkoism and Mendelism interacted with Stalinist culture in the fight for dominating Soviet science. The reader will learn how Lysenko's constitutional rhetoric created a space where scientific terms transformed into political and ideological ones, and vice versa. The book also shows how, in a dialectical flip, the Lysenkoist rhetoric eventually turned from tool to master. Contrary to Lysenko's intentions, his language gave his opponents, Soviet Mendelians, grounds on which to defend their science and criticize Lysenkoism. Stanchevici forcefully reasserts the blurriness of the boundaries between science and politics, and argues that scientific language reveals more plasticity and adaptability to the political situation than has hitherto been assumed. Intended Audience: Scholars in rhetoric, history, and philosophy of science; graduate or upper-division undergraduate course in the rhetoric of science or technical communication.

Table of Contents

Overview

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 2 Literature Review: Contradictions in Lysenkoism

CHAPTER 3 Critical Methodology

CHAPTER 4 Context of Lysenko’s 1936 and 1948 VASKhNIL Speeches

CHAPTER 5 Constitutional Rhetoric in Lysenko’s 1936 VASKhNIL Speech: Calling for the Enemy

CHAPTER 6 Constitutional Rhetoric in Lysenko’s 1936 VASKhNIL Speech: Dance of Ambiguity

CHAPTER 7 Constitutional Rhetoric in Lysenko’s 1948 Address to VASKhNIL: Laying Common Grounds for the Debate with the Geneticists

CHAPTER 8 Constitutional Rhetoric in Lysenko’s 1948 Address to VASKhNIL: Geneticists’ Use of Lysenko’s Terms

CHAPTER 9 Conclusion

References

Index

About the Series

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PSY036000
PSYCHOLOGY / Mental Health