Providing detailed analysis of the thermal comfort assessment of clothing as the basis for developing standards, this book discusses the thermal protective role of clothing as a way of modelling heat transfer from the body, general thermal regulation of humans, and the importance of globally accepted test methods and standards to improve quality.
New materials and discoveries in the study of thermal comfort necessitate the need for standard improvements and update. The development of international standards and the unification of testing methods is of crucial significance to ensure cost reduction and health protection. The book promotes instruments, methods, implementation of unified specifications, and the definition of standards so that a clear quality management system can be established, for both production systems and testing methods. It discusses standards in ergonomics of the thermal environment, clothing thermal characteristics, and subjective assessment of thermal comfort, which allows for systematic control of the measuring methods and the services and final products that are distributed on the global market.
This book is aimed at industry professionals, researchers, and advanced students working in textile and clothing engineering, comfort testing, and ergonomics.
2. Behind the scenes: Thermal regulation in humans
2.1. Thermodynamical analysis
2.2. Physical analysis
2.2.1. Heat balance
2.2.2. Heat production
2.2.3. Heat loss
2.3. Thermophysiological analysis
2.3.1. The human thermal homeostasis and thermostatic neural mechanism
2.3.2. Anatomy of the thermoregulation
184.108.40.206. The central thermostatic control and hypothalamus
220.127.116.11. The peripheral reception and skin
3. Modelling the heat losses from human body
3.1. The comfort in humans
3.2. The thermal comfort: Environmental, personal and clothing properties
3.2.1. Clothing as second skin: preserving the thermal comfort
3.2.2. From fibres to clothing: thermal properties and applications
18.104.22.168. The heat transmission through textiles and clothing
22.214.171.124. The moisture transmission through textiles and clothing
4. The importance of globally accepted test methods and standards
4.1. Testing the thermal properties of textiles and clothing
4.1.1. Textile thermal comfort testing
4.1.2. Clothing thermal comfort testing
4.1.3. Subjective judgements and wear trials: What do we have to say?
4.2. Improving comfort in textiles and clothing and the future trends
5. Why using the thermal comfort standards?
5.1. The basic principles of standard approval
5.2. The types of standards
5.3. The benefits provided by standards
6. Who creates standards?
6.1. The national organisations for standardization
6.1.1. BSI organisation
6.1.2. DIN organisation
6.1.3. ASTM organisation
6.1.4. ASHRAE organisation
6.2. The international organisation for standardization (ISO)
7. The standardisation on thermal comfort
7.1. The history of standardization
7.2. The beginnings and first standards on thermal comfort
7.3. The further development and necessary improvements
8. The distribution of standards on thermal comfort
8.1. The basic distributions of the standards in the field of the Ergonomics of the Thermal environment
8.2. Coding of standards for cataloguing their type
9. The overview of the most significant standards on thermal comfort
9.1. The most significant ISO and European standards on thermal comfort
9.1.1. The standard evaluating physical quantities
126.96.36.199. Temperature measurements- Requirements on measuring equipment
188.8.131.52. Humidity measurements - Requirements on measuring equipment
184.108.40.206. Pressure measurements- Requirements on measuring equipment
220.127.116.11. Air velocity measurements - Requirements on measuring equipment
9.1.2. The standards assessing the thermal comfort and physiological responses of humans
9.1.3. The standards assessing the heat stress
9.1.4. The standards assessing the cold stress
9.2. The most significant ASTM standards on thermal comfort
9.3. ASHRAE Handbook of fundamentals
The aim of the Textile Institute Professional Publications is to provide support to textile professionals in their work and to help emerging professionals, such as final year or Master’s students, by providing the information needed to gain a sound understanding of key and emerging topics relating to textile, clothing and footwear technology, textile chemistry, materials science, and engineering. The books are written by experienced authors with expertise in the topic and all texts are independently reviewed by textile professionals or textile academics.