State Crime and Civil Activism explores the work of non-government organisations (NGOs) challenging state violence and corruption in six countries – Colombia, Tunisia, Kenya, Turkey, Myanmar and Papua New Guinea. It discusses the motives and methods of activists, and how they document and criticise wrongdoing by governments. It documents the dialectical process by which repression stimulates and shapes the forces of resistance against it.
Drawing on over 350 interviews with activists, this book discusses their motives; the tactics they use to withstand and challenge repression; and the legal and other norms they draw upon to challenge the state, including various forms of law and religious teaching. It analyses the relation between political activism and charitable work, and the often ambivalent views of civil society organisations towards violence. It highlights struggles over land as one of the key areas of state and corporate crime and civil resistance. The interviews illustrate and enrich the theoretical premise that civil society plays a vital part in defining, documenting and denouncing state crime. They show the diverse and vibrant forms that civil society takes in a widely varied group of countries.
This book will be of much interest to undergraduate and postgraduate social science students studying criminology, international relations, political science, anthropology and development studies. It will also be of interest to human rights defenders, NGOs and civil society.
INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY
1. CIVIL SOCIETY IN UNCIVIL STATES
2. MOTIVATING RESISTANCE
3. CONCRETE WALLS AND SNOWDROPS: STATE CRIME AND THE DIALECTICS OF RESISTANCe
4. ‘THE TRUTH IS TENACIOUS’: GATHERING AND COMMUNICATING INFORMATION
5. LEGALITY, LEGITIMACY AND HUMAN RIGHTS
6. ‘A WAY OF DIGNIFYING LIFE’: RELIGION AND SPIRITUALITY
7.‘LAND IS LIFE’: DISPOSSESSION, DISPLACEMENT AND RESISTANCE
8. POLITICS, CHARITY, AND CIVIL SOCIETY
9. VIOLENCE: CIVIL SOCIETY’S FINAL FRONTIER
Appendix I: CSO PROFILES
Crimes of the Powerful encompasses the harmful, injurious, and victimizing behaviors perpetrated by privately or publicly operated businesses, corporations, and organizations as well as the state mediated administrative, legalistic, and political responses to these crimes.
The series draws attention to the commonalities of the theories, practices, and controls of the crimes of the powerful. It focuses on the overlapping spheres and inter-related worlds of a wide array of existing and recently developing areas of social, historical, and behavioral inquiry into the wrongdoings of multinational organizations, nation-states, stateless regimes, illegal networks, financialization, globalization, and securitization.
These examinations of the crimes of the powerful straddle a variety of related disciplines and areas of academic interest, including studies in criminology and criminal justice; law and human rights; conflict, peace, and security; economic change, environmental decay, and global sustainability.