1st Edition

State-Sponsored Disinformation Around the Globe How Politicians Deceive their Citizens

    328 Pages 21 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book explores the pervasive and globalized trajectory of domestic disinformation. It describes specific operations and general apparatuses of disinformation that are sponsored by the State institutions in several countries around the world, such as governments, political parties, and politicians.

    With an international team of expert authors, this volume meticulously scrutinizes instances of State-sponsored disinformation across a diverse spectrum of 14 countries encompassing Western and Eastern Europe, North and Latin America, Africa, Asia, and the Middle East. It examines how political landscapes amplify or constrain disinformation, advancing a comprehensive understanding of its dynamics in the contemporary global milieu. The book is organized in three sections that gather case studies from democratic, non-democratic and transitional regimes.

    Advancing the field of misinformation and disinformation studies by specializing in State-sponsored operations and their consequences, this book will be an essential volume for scholars and upper-level students of media and communication studies, journalism, political communication, disinformation and misinformation, social media, sociology and international politics.

    Chapter 1. Introduction. Deceiving from the top: State-sponsored disinformation as a contemporary global phenomenon.

    Martin Echeverría and Sara García Santamaría

    PART I. Theoretical and epistemological underpinnings of state-sponsored disinformation

    Chapter 2. Theoretical understanding of State-Sponsored Disinformation.

    Petros Iosifidis

    Chapter 3. Rethinking disinformation for the global South: towards a particular research agenda.

    Grisel Salazar Rebolledo

    Chapter 4. Statistics and State-Sponsored Disinformation: Understanding the Propaganda War on Numbers.

    Ahmed Farouk-Radwan and Jairo Lugo-Ocando

    PART II: Liberal Democracies

    Chapter 5. Populist Disinformation: Mapping the Discursive Connections between Online Populism and Disinformation in the US.

    Michael Hameleers

    Chapter 6. From Tragedy to Oblivion: State-sponsored Disinformation in the Aftermath of the Sewol Ferry Disaster.

    Hyo-Jeong Lee

    Chapter 7. Spanish far-right and environmental disinformation: VOX’s obstructionist discourse on the climate crisis on Twitter.

    David Vicente Torrico and María Díez-Garrido

    Chapter 8. Combatting and Defeating Chinese Propaganda and Disinformation: A Case Study of Taiwan’s 2020 Elections.

    Aaron Huang

    PART III: Electoral Democracies

    Chapter 9. State-sponsored disinformation in Brazil: distrust and delegitimization of the electoral system through the use of political authority Facebook accounts.

    Raquel Recuero, Liziane Soares Guazina and Bruno Araújo

    Chapter 10. Citizen’s participation on social media against State-sponsored Disinformation during the Pandemic in Argentina.

    Adriana Amado

    Chapter 11. State-sponsored Disinformation in Greece: From the Novartis Scandal to the Wiretapping of Politicians, Journalists and Citizens.

    Sophia Kaitatzi-Whitlock and Alexandros S. Moutzouridis

    Chapter 12. Investing In Fake News? The Disinformation Industry in Kenya’s 2022 Elections.

    Sam Kamau and Alphonce Shiundu

    PART IV: Electoral and Closed Autocracies

    Chapter 13. Discourses and Policies of Disinformation in Turkey.

    Mine Gencel Bek

    Chapter 14. Disinformation under the guise of democracy. Lessons from Hungary.

    Gábor Polyák, Ágnes Urbán, Petra Szávai and Kata Horváth

    Chapter 15. Russian Federation’s FIMI prior to its Intervention in Ukraine.

    Bohdan Yuskiv and Nataliia Karpchuk

    Chapter 16. The Genealogy of State-Sponsored Disinformation in Nigeria: Elections, Political Deception, and Governing through the Lens of Post-Truth.

    Paul Obi

    Chapter 17. State-Sponsored Disinformation through Digital Media in Malaysia.

    Pauline Pooi Yin Leong and Benjamin Yew Hoong Loh

    Chapter 18. State-Sponsored Disinformation, Hate Speech, and Violence: Mapping Conceptual Connections through Iran's Anti-Bahá'í Propaganda.

    Andrés Shoai and Sergio García Magariño

    Chapter 19. From censorship to disinformation. Cuba’s official discourse on contentious activism.

    Cosette Celecia Pérez and Julio Juárez Gámiz


    Martin Echeverría is Professor at the Center of Studies in Political Communication at Autonomous University of Puebla, Mexico. His work has been published in the International Journal of Press/Politics, International Journal of Communication, Journalism Studies, and other leading Ibero American journals. He is Co-Chair of the Political Communication Section of IAMCR and his latest publication is Political Entertainment in a Post-Authoritarian Democracy (Routledge, 2023).

    Sara García Santamaría is a UKRI Postdoctoral Fellow (University of Bristol, UK). Her work has been published in Digital Journalism, Media and Communication, Humanities & Social Sciences Communications and Trípodos, among others. She is Vice-Chair of the Political Communication Section, IAMCR and her latest publication is Cuba’s Digital Revolution (2021).

    Daniel C. Hallin is Distinguished Professor Emeritus at the University of California, San Diego. He is the author of The "Uncensored War": The Media and Vietnam, Comparing Media Systems: Three Models of Media and Politics, and Making Health Public, among other works.