State and Tribes in Syria: Informal Alliances and Conflict Patterns explores the policies of the successive Syrian governments towards the Arab tribes and their reactions to these policies. The book examines the consequences of the relationship between state and tribe since the fall of the Ottoman Empire and its withdrawal from Syria in 1916 until the eruption of the current Syrian civil war.
Throughout history and up to the present day, tribalism continues to influence many issues related to governance, conflict and stability in the Middle East and North Africa. The book provides a dissection of a crucial, but neglected axis of the current crisis on the relationship between the state and the tribes. The research draws on data gathered through interviews with members of Syrian tribes, as well as written literature in various languages including English, Arabic and French. The book combines the research focus of political scientists and anthropologists by relating the local patterns (communities and tribal affiliations) to the larger system (state institutions and policies) of which they are a part.
State and Tribes in Syria: Informal Alliances and Conflict Patterns advances our knowledge of an under-studied component of the Syrian society: the tribes. Therefore it is a vital resource for students, scholars and policymakers interested in Syrian Studies and Middle Eastern Studies.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements 1. Syrian Tribes: Why is it important to know about them? 2. Tribes and the state: from the rise of Islam to the French Mandate Over Syria 3. Arab tribes and the rise of the nation-state in Syria from 1946 until 1970 4. From enmity to amity: Hafez al-Assad and the Arab tribes in Syria from 1970 until 2000 5. Bashar al-Assad and the Arab tribes in Syria from 2000 until 2010 6. Tribes and tribalism in the Syrian uprising and civil war Conclusion Bibliography
Haian Dukhan holds a PhD in International Relations from the University of St Andrews. He has worked for governmental and non-governmental bodies inside and outside Syria for many years, on issues related to development, counterterrorism and peace settlement. He is currently teaching Politics and International Relations at the University of Leicester and is engaged in a research project on the intersection between tribalism and sectarianism at the University of St Andrews.