State-building in the Western Balkans
European Approaches to Democratization
The Western Balkans have seen rapid changes since the end of the violent conflicts in the 1990s. The EU has been one of the main drivers for change, focusing on the political, economic and social transformation of the region to prepare the countries for membership in the Union. EU enlargement has never before been this complex and inter-connected with processes of state-building and democratization. It can be argued that the EU is actively involved in state-building. By focusing on a number of case-studies, it will be demonstrated how complex the transformation towards independent statehood and modern democratic governance has been (and continues to be) for most Western Balkan states. While some chapters focus explicitly on the role of the EU in these transformative procedures, others discuss the role of outside influences on state-building, democratization and independent governance more implicit. The picture painted is one of multiple and inter-connected alterations that have long-term consequences for the political systems of the region.
This book was published as a special issue of Nationalities Papers.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: Europeanization, state-building and democratization in the Western Balkans 2. International statebuilding as contentious politics: the case of post conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina 3. The OSCE Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Testing the limits of ownership 4. “Quadratic nexus” and the process of democratization and state-building in Albania and Kosovo: a comparison 5. Cutting the mists of the Black Mountain: Cleavages in Montenegro’s divide over statehood and identity 6. The role of the EU in promoting good governance in Macedonia: towards efficiency and effectiveness or deliberative democracy? 7. Another “strategic accession”? The EU and Serbia (2000–2010) 8. Conclusion: EU Member State-Building in the Western Balkans: (Prolonged) EU-protectorates or new model of sustainable enlargement?
Soeren Keil is Lecturer in International Relations at Canterbury Christ Church, UK. His research focuses on the political systems of the post-Yugoslav states, in particular forms of territorial and non-territorial autonomy. He is the author of Multinational Federalism in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Ashgate, 2013) and numerous articles on the political development of the former Yugoslav states and the role of the European Union in the region.