A distinctive feature of economic trends of the past three decades has been the increase in microeconomic intervention by state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in the market economies of rich industrial and poor developing nations. The majority of SOEs were established as policy instruments of choice in response to a variety of socioeconomic needs and socio-political problems. As persuasively demonstrated in this book, microeconomic efficiency criteria alone, stemming from the theory of a perfectly competitive economy, are badly designed criteria for public firms. The historical part of the book, in particular, discusses quite compellingly a number of causes other than market failures for the existence of state-owned enterprises. This discussion develops complex answers regarding causes for the existence of public firms.
1 Growth and Expansion of SOEs, 2 Investment Criteria for SOEs, 3 Financing Sources for SOEs, 4 Empirical Evidence on Operating Surplus, Capital Requirements, and Debt in SOEs 5 Price Formation for SOEs, 6 Conflict in Micro and Macro Objectives of SOEs 7 Pricing Policies: Post-Keynesian and Post-Marxian, Summary and Conclusions