The concept of strategic human resource management has developed widely in the last couple of years, especially because of the impact of human resources on the competitiveness of organizations. The development of human resource strategies involves taking into account their multiple mutual dependencies and the fact that they must be vertically integrated with the business strategy. These strategies define the intentions and plans related to the overall organizational considerations, such as organizational competitiveness, effectiveness or image, and to more specific aspects of human resources management, such as resourcing, motivating, valuating, learning and development, reward and employee relations.
Strategic management of human resources provides a large perspective on the way critical issues or success factors related to people can be addressed and how different concepts of strategic decisions are made, with long-term impacts on the behavior and success of the organization. The fundamental objective of human resource strategic management is to generate strategic capabilities by ensuring that the organization has the high-qualified, committed and well-motivated employees it needs to achieve and sustain the competitive advantage.
The emergence of strategic human resource management (SHRM) is influenced by global competition and the corresponding search for sources of a sustainable competitive advantage. SHRM has achieved its prominence because it provides a means by which business firms can enhance the competitiveness and promote managerial efficiency. It facilitates the development of human capital that meets the requirements of a competitive business strategy, so that organizational goals and the mission of the organization will be achieved.
The HRM system is defined as "a set of distinct but interrelated activities, functions and processes that are directed at attracting, developing, and maintaining (or disposing of) a firm’s human resources." Many agree that HRM is the most effective tool which contributes to the creation of human capital, and in turn, contributes to organizational performance and the competitive advantage.
This book puts emphasis on understanding the role of HRM between organizations and people and provides an analytical approach toward encompassing HRM, employment relations, and organizational behavior. As a management discipline, HRM draws insights, models and theories from cognate disciplines and applies them to real-world settings. Further, this book discusses how current theoretical perspectives and frameworks (e.g., those related to strategic competitiveness, knowledge management, learning organization, communities of practice, etc.) can be applied by reflective practitioners to create an eco-friendly organizational culture.
Table of Contents
1 Introduction to Strategic Human Resource
2 Strategy: Concept and Process
3 Strategic Human Resource Management:
Concept and Process
4 Formulating and Implementing HR Strategies
5 Roles in Strategic HRM
6 Improving Business Performance through
7 Strategies for Improving Organizational
Conclusion, Recommendation and Key Issues
Changing Role of HR
Dr. Ananda Das Gupta has been engaged in teaching and research for more than twenty-five years at different universities and institutes across India and is currently Head of the Human Resource Development area and Chairperson of the P Fellow (Doctoral) Programme at the Indian Institute of Plantation Management, Bangalore, a National Autonomous institute under the Ministry of Commerce, Government of India. He also serves as an Adjunct Professor at the Indian Institute of Management, Kozhikode and the Indian Institute of Management, Rohtak. He has also been the Mentor Faculty at Indian Institute of Management Sirmaur.
Dr. Das Gupta did his doctorate as a UGC research Fellow. He has published many papers in various refereed journals and has four books to his credit in the areas of organizational development, strategic human resources management, corporate social responsibility and business ethics. He is currently Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Business Ethics in Developing Economies, and serves on the Editorial Boards of leading international journals. He is also on the International Editorial Board for Encyclopaedia on Corporate Social Responsibility, published in five volumes by Springer.
He has been the Project Director of ICSSR (Indian Council of Social Science Research) and was the National Co-ordinator: Tea Productivity Council of India, sponsored by Government of India Besides, he has been associated with IJSE since long as a reviewer and as a Guest Editor for the Special Issue on India of International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group, England. 2008.
His areas of Research interests are: Social justice; inequality; disability; poverty, Labour; employment; trade unions; income; wages; industrial relations, Common good; community; social capital; citizenship; civil society, Ethical and moral theory; social philosophy, Voluntary associations; NGOs; social movements and Environmental economics and ethics; sustainable development.