Strategic Relations Between the US and Turkey 1979-2000: Sleeping with a Tiger, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Strategic Relations Between the US and Turkey 1979-2000

Sleeping with a Tiger, 1st Edition

By Ekavi Athanassopoulou


210 pages

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pub: 2014-06-26
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Taking the period from the end of the 1970s to the end of the 1990s, this book critically examines the evolution of the strategic relationship between the US and Turkey during this period, with a particular focus on the Middle Eastern context.

Strategic Relations Between the US and Turkey employs interviews with US, Turkish and Israeli officials and archival research in order to offer an alternative reading of the realities that shaped bilateral co-operation through multi-level analysis. The unraveling of these realities enlightens the reader about the past course of events but also aids the understanding of the dynamics of the relationship today.

Essential reading for students and scholars of U.S. and Turkish foreign policy, this study of co-operation between a super-power and a relatively weak state in the international system will also be of use to those interested in International Relations, Diplomatic History and World Politics more broadly.


Dr. Ekavi Athanassopoulou offers a sophisticated critical interpretation of a dynamic and difficult chapter of the strategic relationship between Turkey and the United States. Her achieved study is undoubtedly a very important read not only for those who are interested in the history of NATO's Southern Flank in the Cold War, but also for those who wish to have a clearer understanding why and how both states have so far been able to manage their strategic cooperation throughout the first decades of the post-Cold war era despite the complexities of that transformational period.

Ali L. Karaosmanoglu

Professor Emeritus of International Relations

Bilkent University, Ankara

Based on extensive research in archival and published sources as well as an impressive array of interviews with leading American, Turkish and Israeli policy makers, Strategic Relations between the US and Turkey underlines the importance, not only of principles but also of key individuals in the formation of foreign policy. Athanassopoulou makes a considerable contribution to the post-cold war history of US-Turkish relations, providing significant corrections to what we thought we knew about Turkish motivations. This perceptive study should interest general readers as well as scholars.

James Goode

Professor of History,

Grand Valley State University, USA

In this seminal informative study Ekavi Athanassopoulou has succeeded in placing the US-Turkish relations, especially after the 1990s, within the sphere of global events, such as Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, the Iraq war of 1990, Arab-Israeli relations, which transformed Turkey from a passive international actor to an aspiring regional power while the US redefined, re-evaluated and upgraded its relations with Ankara. Written in a clear lucid style and objective manner, the book is an indispensable basic source of new information for all students of US relations with Turkey and its surrounding areas, and is very highly recommended.

Kemal H. Karpat

Distinguished Professor of History

University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA

"Athanassopoulou, utilizing Turkish and US archival documents, memoirs, scholarly literature, and interviews of contemporary actors in this historical drama, has written a rich historical experience. Her analysis of the objectives, inconsistencies, ups and downs, pushes and pulls of the Ankara-Washington alliance during the last quarter of the 20th century is fact-packed. The reader emerges feeling his/her time has been well-spent in another place, another world, but always in an informative and relevant alignment with contemporary surroundings."

Thomas A. Dine

The International Spectator, 2016

VOL. 51, NO. 1, pp.148

"Ekavi Athanassopoulou’s book is a model to students of great power–small states relations; to Middle Eastern experts; to students who study the making of politics in the Washington; and to students who deal with the act of lobbying in the corridors of the Administration. For one book to serve as a model for so many fields is a major academic accomplishment. For a researcher to have contributed to changing the prevailing knowledge and understanding of a subject is perhaps amongst the highest academic achievements."

Amikam Nachmani, Bar Ilan University

Southeast European and Black Sea Studies

Table of Contents

Introduction Part I: The 1980s: The Rekindling of the Relationship 1 Location, Location, Location 2 When the Interests of the USA and the Needs of Turkey Meet 3 Harmonious Co-operation? Part II: 1991 Crescendo 4 The Gulf War: Turkey’s Stance Revisited Part III: The 1990s: New Strategic Games, Old Ideas 5 The Period of Uncertainty 6 Renewal of Strategic Co-operation Epilogue

About the Author

Ekavi Athanassopoulou is Assistant Professor of International Relations at the University of Athens. She is the author of Turkey: Anglo-American Security Interests, 1945-1952: The First Enlargement of NATO (1999).

About the Series

Routledge Studies in Middle Eastern Politics

This series is concerned with recent political developments in the region. It will have a range of different approaches and include both single authored monographs and edited volumes covering issues such as international relations, foreign intervention, security, political Islam, democracy, ideology and public policy.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POLITICAL SCIENCE / International Relations / General
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Regional Studies