Recently, research on the ways in which goals, affect, and self-regulation influence one another has enjoyed an upsurge. New findings are being published and new theories are being developed to integrate these findings. This volume reports on the latest of this work, including a substantial amount of data and theory that has not yet been published. Emanating from a conference exploring affect as both a cause and effect in various social contexts, this book examines some of the complex and reciprocal relationships among goals, self structures, feelings, thoughts, and behavior. The chapters address:
*the effects of intrinsic versus extrinsic goals;
*the different effects of approach versus avoidance goals;
*the role of awareness in goal pursuit and affective states;
*the meaning of affective states in relation to goal attainment;
*the impact of hedonistic concerns as motivational factors;
*how people regulate their moods; and
*the role of the self in affective experiences.
"This is a book written by researchers for researchers. Most of the chapters describe actual studies, usually studies in research programs sponsored by the authors. Striving and Feeling is fascinating reading and suggests many possible directions for future research in our field."
Contents: Preface. L.L. Martin, A. Tesser, Introduction. Part I: Affective and Behavioral Consequences. C.S. Carver, J.W. Lawrence, M.F. Scheier, A Control-Process Perspective on the Origins of Affect. W.D. McIntosh, When Does Goal Nonattainment Lead to Negative Emotional Reactions and When Doesn't It?: The Role of Linking and Rumination. R.A. Emmons, H.A. Kaiser, Goal Orientation and Emotional Well-Being: Linking Goals and Affect Through the Self. W. Cochran, A. Tesser, The "What the Hell Effect": Some Effects of Goal Proximity and Goal Framing on Performance. Part II: Affective Consequences of Self-Organization and Self-Regulation. J.B. Halberstadt, P.M. Niedenthal, M.B. Setterlund, Cognitive Organization of Different Tenses of the Self Mediates Affect and Decision Making. C.J. Showers, K.C. Kling, The Organization of Self-Knowledge: Implications for Mood Regulation. T.J. Strauman, Self-Beliefs, Self-Evaluation, and Depression: A Perspective on Emotional Vulnerability. C. Sansone, J.M. Harackiewicz, "I Don't Feel Like It": The Function of Interest in Self-Regulation. J.A. Singer, P. Salovey, Motivated Memory: Self-Defining Memories, Goals, and Affect Regulation. R. Erber, The Self-Regulation of Moods. Part III: How Goals and Affect Influence Other Processes. L.L. Martin, P. Stoner, Mood as Input: What We Think About How We Feel Determines How We Think. E.R. Hirt, H.E. McDonald, R.J. Melton, Processing Goals and the Affect-Performance Link: Mood as Main Effect or Mood as Input? D.T. Wegener, R.E. Petty, Effects of Mood on Persuasion Processes: Enhancing, Reducing, and Biasing Scrutiny of Attitude-Relevant Information. K. Oatley, P.N. Johnson-Laird, The Communicative Theory of Emotions: Empirical Tests, Mental Models, and Implications for Social Interaction.