1st Edition

Structural Analysis of Historic Construction: Preserving Safety and Significance, Two Volume Set Proceedings of the VI International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historic Construction, SAHC08, 2-4 July 2008, Bath, United Kingdom

    1588 Pages
    by CRC Press

    The successful preservation of an historic building, complex or city depends on the continued use and daily care that come with it. The possibility of continued use depends on the adaptation of the building to modern standards and practice of living, requiring changes in constructional or structural features. Conservation engineering is the process of understanding, interpreting and managing the architectural heritage to safely deliver it to posterity, enhancing private or public utility vis a vis minimum loss of fabric and significance. These two objectives are sometimes conflicting. With increasing global interest in conservation engineering it is essential to open the debate on more inclusive definitions of significance and on more articulated concepts of safety by use of acceptable and reliable technologies, integrating further the activity of all the professions involved in conservation.

    VOLUME 1

    Invited papers

    • Preservation of workmanship or workmanship for preservation
    • Experiences from the Northern Italy 2004 earthquake: Vulnerability assessment and strengthening of historic churches
    • 20th century curtain walls – loss of redundancy and increase in complexity
    • Strengthening of masonry structures with Fibre Reinforced Plastics: From modern conception to historical building preservation
    • The structural behaviour of masonry vaults: Limit state analysis with finite friction
    • Repairs to historic timber structures: Changing attitudes and knowledge
    • A multidisciplinary approach for the structural restoration of the Katholikon of Dafni Monastery in Attica Greece
    • Structural interventions in English Cathedrals
    • Monastery of Salzedas (Portugal): Intervention in the cloister and information management
    • Cultural Heritage protection against flood – A European FP6 research project

    Definition of significance and attribution of value

    • Structural definition and comparison of early medieval roof structures
    • Analysis of archaic fireproof floor systems
    • Intervention limits in floor wood structure restoration of a historical building
    • The safety of historic load-bearing structures
    • Concrete: Too young for conservation?
    • Significance of a Mughal Mall and its role in achieving safety
    • Historical constructions – Authenticity and adaptation to the modern demands
    • Champaner-Pavagadh – Managing conflicts – A conservation challenge

    History and documentation

    • Construction and structural behavior of Vladimir Suchov’s Nigres tower
    • New studies on Brunelleschi’s Dome in Florence
    • Wells Cathedral: The crossing and the central tower. A new hypothesis on the constructional sequence and dating of the central tower
    • A study of historical test data for better informed assessment of wrought-iron structures
    • Structural interpretation of post-earthquakes (19th century) retrofitting on the Santa Maria degli Angeli Basilica, Assisi, Italy
    • Engineering survival and success: The contributions of historic structural features in the spire and tower of Salisbury Cathedral
    • Structure of baroque church roofs in Bavaria
    • Brick arch bridges in the High Cauca Region of Colombia: A forgotten construction tradition
    • From empirical engineering to science-based engineering: The assessment by three mathematicians of the "San Pietro" Dome (1742)
    • From static history to restoration issues: The Gesú Nuovo church in Naples (Italy)
    • Building techniques of the Zeytinburnu Military Factory built in the 19th century
    • Investigation of the 1716 Algiers (Algeria) earthquake from historical sources
    • The Morro da Queimada Archaeological Park, Ouro Preto, MG – Brazil
    • Structure as a document

    Monitoring, non destructive evaluation and testing

    • Historic multiple-leaf masonry wall models under compression and cyclic shear loads
    • The masonry vaults: Geometry definition and possible approaches to the static analysis
    • Damage identification in masonry structures with vibration measurements
    • Stress analysis of masonry structures: Arches, walls and vaults
    • Evaluation of historic Dieh-Dou buildings in Taiwan
    • Experimental techniques for the evaluation of the long-term behaviour of masonry strengthening materials
    • Experimental and numerical studies on the belltower of Santa Justa y Rufina (Orihuela-Spain)
    • The analysis of the strains and stresses of the reinforced brick vaults
    • Cracking simulation of brick-masonry elements subjected to the double flat-jack test
    • Numerical simulation and monitoring of the Cathedral of Syracuse in Sicily
    • Shaking table tests on the large scale model of Mustafa Pasha Mosque without and with FRP
    • Integrated modeling method for dynamic behavior of ancient pagodas
    • Monitoring and strengthening interventions on the stone tomb of Cansignorio della Scala, Verona, Italy
    • Seismic behaviour of barrel vault systems
    • Assessment of material degradation based on microcores testing
    • Structural performance of riveted connections in historical metal structures
    • Diagnostic tests and numerical simulations for the preservation of two stone stairways in the historic centre of Genoa (Italy)
    • Evaluation of iron and steel in historic bridges
    • Diagnosis and analysis of two king-post trusses
    • Non destructive and laboratory evaluation of strength of decayed wood members in a historic construction located in Gorgan (North of Iran)
    • The structural behaviour of spires
    • In-situ and laboratory investigations on materials and structures for the static improvement: "Torre Quadrata del Circo Romano" (Milan)
    • Dynamic multi-body behaviour of historic masonry buildings models
    • Assessment and strengthening masonry arch bridges
    • Field tests of a timber queen-post truss and numerical analysis

    Assessment and analytical techniques

    • Modelling of vaults as equivalent diaphragms in 3D seismic analysis of masonry buildings
    • Modelling of damage accumulation in masonry subjected to a long-term compressive load
    • A method for studying multi-body dynamics and its applications to masonry structures analysis
    • Load-carrying capacity of multi-span masonry arch bridges having limited ductility
    • Assessment of irregular masonry walls
    • Geometrical and static aspects of the Cupola of Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence (Italy)
    • Some considerations on out-of-plane collapse modes of masonry walls
    • Innovative techniques for structural assessment: The case of the Holy Shroud Chapel in Turin
    • On the theory of the ellipse of elasticity as a natural discretisation method in the design of Paderno d’Adda Bridge (Italy)
    • Lower-bound analysis of masonry vaults
    • Assessment of seismic resistance of a basilica church: Modelling, analysis and strengthening proposal
    • Estimation of the seismic history of the city of Thessaloniki through back analysis of its Byzantine land walls
    • Earthquake based condition monitoring of the Katholikon of Dafni Monastery
    • Continuous and discontinuous modeling of the structures in Bayon temple, Angkor
    • Safety assessment of temple E7 in MỹSon, Viet Nam
    • Construction process, damage and structural analysis. Two case studies
    • Analysis and diagnosis of timber structures of Porto historical centre
    • Baroque roof structures in Transylvania – Research and analyses
    • The Athens Parthenon: Analysis and interpretation of the structural failures of the orthostate of the northern wall
    • Structural assessment of the Winter Garden of the Royal Glasshouses of Laeken, Belgium
    • Towards a systematic diagnosis of structural damage
    • From geometrical and cracks survey to static analysis method: The case study of Santa Maria del Quartiere dome, in Parma (Italy)
    • A benchmarking study of the analysis of non-reinforced structures applied to the structural behavior of domes
    • Structural analysis of the Caserta Royal Palace timber roof connections
    • Real-time Probabilistic health monitoring of the Portogruaro Civic Tower


    VOLUME 2

    Experimental studies

    • On the strengthening of three-leaf stone masonry walls
    • Long-term behaviour of historical masonry – A quantitative acquisition of the damage evolution
    • Experimental assessment and modelling of in-plane behaviour of timber floors
    • Bond behaviour of CFRP and GFRP laminates on brick masonry
    • Experimental shear behavior of stone masonry joints
    • Large scale testing of drystone retaining walls
    • Seismic isolation, strengthening of walls with CFRP strips and heritage masonry buildings
    • Experimental survey on seismic response of masonry models
    • Bond performance of fiber reinforced grout on brickwork specimens
    • Experimental analysis of rectangular shaped sleeve connectors for composite timber-steel-concrete floors: Bending tests
    • Shaking table testing of a typical Mexican colonial temple
    • Capacity of a traditional timber mortise and tenon joint
    • Behaviour of refurbished timber floors characterized by different in-plane stiffness
    • Stone masonry walls: Strengthening with TRM (I)
    • The effect of friction joint and Gongpo (bracket set) as an energy dissipation in Korean traditional wooden structure
    • Optimization of cutting processes in archaeological sites
    • Experimental and numerical study on the application of the flat-jack tests to masonry walls
    • The impact of the water/lime ratio on the structural characteristics of air lime mortars
    • Soil mortar’s evaluation characteristics for their use in conservation practice
    • Experimental and numerical analyses for static retrofitting intervention on the "Cappella dei Principi" in Firenze
    • Comparison the effect of different repair method applying on masonry
      arch bridges

    Use of traditional, alternative and innovative materials

    • Restoring of timber structures: Connections with timber pegs
    • Research on composite strengthening of historical housebuilding: Retrofitting intervention for masonry arches and vaults
    • Static and dynamic properties of a flexible joint working in cracked historical masonries
    • Nanotechnologies applied to the restoration and maintenance of wooden built heritage
    • Cross laminated timber panels to strengthen wood floors
    • Lime mortar with natural pozzolana: Historical issues and mechanical behavior
    • Blended lime-cement mortars for conservation purposes: Microstructure and strength development
    • Assessing workability of mortar by means of rheological parameters and desorptivity
    • Consolidation and reinforcement of stone walls using a reinforced repointing grid
    • Innovative and sustainable local material in traditional African architecture –Socio cultural dimension
    • Imported construction materials and techniques in 19th century Ottoman architecture
    • Advance composites applications on historical structures in Italy: Case studies and future developments

    Novel conservation engineering techniques, restoration and strengthening

    • FRP-strengthening of masonry structures: Effect of debonding phenomenon
    • Methodology for in situ application of hydraulic grouts on historic masonry structures. The case of the Katholikon of Dafni Monastery
    • High reversibility techniques for in-plane stiffening of wooden floors
    • Prestressing of masonry as strengthening measure against earthquake loading – Experimental and numerical investigations and influences on simulation results
    • Enhancement of geo-electrical techniques for NDT of masonry
    • Synergetic action of new and existing structures in re-using a 18th century monastery
    • Structural assessment of earthen walls and techniques of onsite consolidation and conservation
    • Preservation of historic structures using Screw-Pile foundations
    • Strengthening of an industrial cylindrical shell damaged by a collision
    • Experimental results on the use of mud-based grouts to repair seismic cracks on adobe walls
    • Development of an in situ penetration test for the uptake of preservatives in applied wood
    • Special structural solutions for adaptive use in grand hotel in Norwich, CT, USA
    • The restoration of the foundation in the north side of the temple of Apollo Epikourios
    • Structural consolidation methods for the Temple of Santa Maria della Consolazione in Todi (Perugia, Italy), damaged by landslides and earthquakes
    • The diagnosis and arresting of settlement within Westminster Hall in the
      Houses of Parliament, London
    • Istanbul – Fatih, Millet Library/Feyzullah Efendi Madrasah restoration
    • Application of non-destructive techniques at the Katholikon of Dafni Monastery for mapping the mosaics substrata and grouting monitoring
    • The PROHITECH research project
    • The column of Marcian/Kiztşi in Istanbul and an evaluation of its restorations
    • Restoration and strengthening strategies for 19th century iron pedestrian suspension bridges
    • Reconstruction of the Sistani House at Bam Citadel after the collapse due to the earthquake 2003"

    Vulnerability to natural hazards, preparedness and retrofitting

    • Lower and upper bounds in closed form for out-of-plane strength of masonry structures with frictional resistances
    • Influence of friction and tensile resistance on the stability of masonry arches
    • Unexplained blasting vulnerabilities in a historic town
    • Vulnerability and seismic improvement starting from experimental investigation
    • Seismic vulnerability evaluation of the Fossanova Gothic church
    • Simplified models for seismic vulnerability analysis of bell towers
    • Guastavino dome analysis: A comparative approach for Jefferson’s Rotunda at the University of Virginia
    • Seismic vulnerability and preservation of timber roof structures
    • Seismic safety of basilica churches: Analysis of ten case studies
    • The effects of temperature on historical stone masonry structures
    • A GIS platform on main natural hazards for Valparaíso city (Chile) and vulnerability studies for some historical constructions and urban sectors
    • The construction of a GIS database for the historical center of San Giuliano di Puglia
    • Vulnerability assessment of churches at Colima by 3D limit analysis models
    • Vulnerability screening by visual inspection of churches of North-East Anatolia
    • Seismic resistance assessment of heritage masonry buildings in public use in Ljubljana

    Codes, guidelines and methods for safeguarding safety and significance

    • Use of reliability methods for evaluating safety of historic structures
    • Experimental assessment of historic building safety: The case of the Isso Tower in Castelleone, Italy
    • Making-safe Sydney’s sandstone buildings within accepted conservation guidelines
    • Long term compressive testing for masonry – Test procedure and practical experience
    • Safeguarding safety and significance – Saving an historic village in Bath
    • Integration of structural analysis of monuments and historical constructions in engineering and architecture studies
    • The role of service-learning in heritage preservation and engineering education
    • The safety of Gothic roof structures
    • Strengthening historic pedestrian suspension bridges: Public safety goes first!?
    • Displacement requirements in the nonlinear kinematic procedure for masonry structures

    Conservation practice

    • Relation between sub-soil and masonry structure of Angkor monument
    • Beaufort Castle, Lebanon; conservation versus restoration project
    • Structural faults in earthen archaeological sites in central Asia: Analysis and repair methods
    • Maria Birnbaum – Construction history, conservation history
    • The structural strengthening of early and mid 20th century reinforced concrete diaphragms
    • Strengthening design of Ganxi’s Former Residence
    • The Trajan Markets and their Great Hall – The conservation problems and the structural intervention for the improvement of the seismic safety
    • Structural strengthening of the Dobrzyca Palace, Poland
    • Structural analysis and restoration of the Guglia della Madonna di Bitonto
    • Non conventional solutions for the consolidation of bell towers
    • Strengthening of a wooden covering built in the 18th century
    • Experiences of consolidation on archaeological UNESCO sites in the Sultanate of Oman: The Fortress of Al Balid and the Citadel of Sumhuram
    • Conservation and restoration of a Ta Prohm temple
    • Restoration of a historical building for Cyprus Technical Chamber
    • The great hall of the Trajan Markets throughout the centuries
    • The XIX century opera theatre of Catania: Conservation and seismic strengthening interventions
    • House-towers in Campi Flegrei: History, conservation and re-use
    • Structural inspection and analysis of former British Consulate in Shanghai

    Author index




    Dina D'Ayala, Enrico Fodde