The follow-up to the 2000 Golden Pen Award-winning Structural Design for the Stage, this second edition provides the theater technician with a foundation in structural design, allowing an intuitive understanding of "why sets stand up." It introduces the basics of statics and the study of the strength of materials as they apply to typical scenery, emphasizing conservative approaches to real world examples. This is an invaluable reference for any serious theatre technician throughout their career, from the initial study of the fundamental concepts, to the day-to-day use of the techniques and reference materials.

    Now in hardcover, with nearly 200 new pages of content, it has been completely revised and updated to reflect the latest recommended practices of the lumber and steel industries, while also including aluminum design for the first time.

    Chapter 1: Overview




    Chapter 2: Force, Stress, and Strain



    Free Body Diagrams




    Strain and Elasticity

    Chapter 2 Lessons

    Chapter 3: Stress Analysis for Beams


    Analyzing the Load


    Shear Diagrams

    Horizontal Shear

    Moment Diagrams

    Overhangs and Cantilevers

    Case Formulas

    Chapter 3 Lessons

    Chapter 4: Geometric Properties


    Elastic Neutral Axis, Centroid, and "c"

    Moment of Inertia

    Transferring Moments of Inertia

    Radius of Gyration

    Elastic Section Modulus

    The Flexure Formula

    Plastic Analysis

    Chapter 4 Lessons

    Chapter 5: Sawn Lumber - Introduction and Beam Design


    Sawn Lumber Beam Design Basics

    Bending Test

    Shear Test

    Deflection Test

    Steps in Beam Design

    Beam Design Examples

    Notching Sawn Lumber Beams

    Built-Up Beams

    Designing Backwards

    Chapter 5 Lessons

    Chapter 6: Sawn Lumber - Column Design

    Introduction to Column Design

    Euler’s Equation

    Adjusted Compressive Design Value

    Steps in Column Design

    Odd-Shaped Columns

    Chapter 6 Lessons

    Chapter 7: Sawn Lumber - Combined Loading Design


    Single Axis Bending And Axial Tension

    Single Axis Bending and Axial Compression

    Eccentric Loading

    Biaxial Bending

    Chapter 7 Lessons

    Chapter 8: Steel - Introduction and Beam Design

    Introduction to Steel and its Properties

    Steel Shapes

    Steel Structural Design Basics

    Steel Beam Design

    Steel Beam Design by Shape

    Hollow Rectangular Shapes

    Hollow Round Shapes


    I-beams and Channel Bent about their Major Axis

    I-beams and Channel Bent about their Minor Axis

    Available Moment vs Unbraced Length Tables

    Chapter 8 Lessons

    Chapter 9: Steel - Column and Tension Member Design

    Introduction to Column Design

    Doubly Symmetric Column Design

    Single Angle Column Design

    Tension Member Design

    Chapter 9 Lessons

    Chapter 10: Steel - Combined Loading Design


    Single Axis Bending and Axial Tension

    Single Axis Bending and Axial Compression

    Eccentric Loading

    Biaxial Bending

    Biaxial Bending and Axial Compression

    Chapter 10 Lessons

    Chapter 11: Aluminum - Introduction and Tension Design

    Introduction to Aluminum Design Basics

    Aluminum Alloys and Tempers

    Aluminum Shapes

    Aluminum Design Basics

    Design of Aluminum Axial Tension Members

    Chapter 11 Lessons

    Chapter 12: Aluminum - Beam Design


    Aluminum Beam Design by Shape

    Hollow Rectangular Shapes

    Hollow Round Shapes


    Allowable Uniform Beam Loads Table

    Chapter 12 Lessons

    Chapter 13: Aluminum - Column Design


    Aluminum Column Design by Shape

    Hollow Round Shapes

    Hollow Rectangular Shapes


    Chapter 13 Lessons

    Chapter 14: Plywood Design


    Design Values

    Grading and Selection

    Designing for Uniform Loads


    Stressed-Skin Panels

    Chapter 14 Lessons

    Chapter 15: Truss Design


    Three-Member Trusses

    Traditional Trusses

    Method of Joints

    Truss Construction

    Chapter 15 Lessons

    Chapter 16: Cable Design


    Point Load Cable Systems

    Curved Cable Systems

    Chapter 16 Lessons


    A Geometric Properties of Common Shapes

    B Case Formulas

    C Sawn Lumber Reference Values

    D Steel Reference Values

    E Aluminum Reference Values

    F Plywood Reference Values

    G Useful information

    H Math Review

    I Answers to Even Numbered Problems




    ALYS E. HOLDEN is a professional production manager. She is currently the Director of Production for the Oregon Shakespeare Festival and has previously worked for Center Theatre Group, the Kodak Theatre, and Walt Disney Imagineering. She received her MFA from the Yale School of Drama and is the recipient of USITT Golden Pen Award for Structural Design for the Stage, 1st Edition, the USITT KM Fabrics Technical Production Award, and the Yale School of Drama Paul Carter Scholarship.

    BRONISLAW J. SAMMLER is Head of Production and Chair of Yale School of Drama’s Technical Design and Production Department. In 2007 he was named the Henry McCormick Professor (Adjunct) of Technical Design and Production. He is co-editor of Technical Brief and Technical Design Solutions for Theatre, Vols. I, II & III. He co-authored Structural Design for the Stage, 1st Edition, which won the USITT Golden Pen Award. He co-founded USITT’s National Theatre Technology Exhibit, an on-going biennial event and he has served as a commissioner and a director at-large and is a lifetime Fellow of USITT. He was honored as Educator of the Year in 2006 by the New England Theatre Conference and chosen to receive USITT's Distinguished Achievement Award in Technical Production in 2009. His production management techniques and his application of structural design to scenic technology are employed in both educational and professional theatres throughout the world.

    STEVEN A. SCHMIDT is a professional Production Manager and Technical Director. He has worked as the Associate Head of Production for Yale School of Drama and Yale Repertory Theatre, where he guest lectured in Structural Design for the Stage, Digital Technologies, and Technical Writing. He has also worked for B Street Theatre, the Davis Joint Unified School District, and is a founding member of Barnyard Theatre. Steven received his MFA from the Yale School of Drama in Technical Design and Production, where he completed his thesis, Structural Steel Design for the Stage.

    BRADLEY L. POWERS is a faculty member at the Department of Theatre and Film at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver and specializes in Technical Design and Engineering for the entertainment industry. His Technical Design work at LA Propoint Inc includes projects for Universal Studios Hollywood and Singapore, Cirque du Soleil, the Hettama Group, and numerous rigging system and tension grid installations. Brad has previously served as Production Supervisor at Pook Diemont and Ohl Inc and Technical Director for La Jolla Playhouse / UCSD. He has an MFA from the Yale School of Drama and a BA in Theatre from The Ohio State University.