Structure and Function of Domestic Animals  book cover
1st Edition

Structure and Function of Domestic Animals

ISBN 9780849387661
Published July 7, 1992 by CRC Press
464 Pages

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Book Description

Structure and Function of Domestic Animals provides a solid introduction to the functional anatomy of domestic animals. The author covers general principles, phenomena, and mechanisms and then supports this information by providing concrete examples, giving you a working understanding of the biology of animals. Line drawings, tables, and text boxes provide supplemental information. The author examines the functions of animals from the basic to the complex. The pragmatic application of these principles allows for the raising and caring for animals with the appropriate regard for their welfare. He covers morphology, myology, electrophysiology, endocrinology, comparative anatomy, metabolism, cell growth and development, and reproductive mechanisms. The mechanism and phenomena described in this book will introduce you to the flexibility or plasticity of normal animal function. The author's pedagogical writing style clearly delineates normal function and abnormal function. Structure and Function of Domestic Animals explores many of the seemingly endless examples of the ways in which animals apply the fundamental principles of chemistry and physics to preserve their integrity. It gives you an insightful overview to a very broad subject.

Table of Contents

The Structural Nature of Animals The Form of Animals. Cells and Tissues. Methods and Terminology of Anatomy. The Skeleton. An Introduction to Myology. The Visceral Organs. Anatomy and Morphology of the Chicken. The Basis of Animal Function Body Composition. Properties of Water of Importance in Physiology. An Introduction to Cell Biology. Structure and Properties of Membranes. Materials Transfer Across Membranes. The Excitable Tissues: Nerve and Muscle Electrophysiology. Propagation of Nerve Impulses. The Synapse. Skeletal Muscle Structure and Function. Cardiac and Smooth Muscle. Organization of the Nervous System. Synaptic Function on the CNS: Reflexes. Autonomic Motor Innervation of Visceral Organs. Central Neural Integration. Chemical Communication Introduction to Endocrinology. The Nature and Synthesis of Hormones. Mechanisms of Hormone Action. Descriptive Endocrinology. Integrative Endocrine Control Systems. Vital Life Support Systems. Integrated Systems and Homeostasis . Blood as Tissue of Integration. The Cardiovascular System. Gas Transport. External Respiration. The Renal System and Its Contribution to Homeostasis. Circulation, Respiration, and Excretion in Chickens. Digestive Mechanisms Introduction and Comparative Anatomy. The Chemical Nature of Feeds. Ingestion and Swallowing. Digestion in the Stomach. The Ruminant Specialization. Microbial Digestion. Accessory Digestive Organs. Intestinal Digestion and Absorption. The Enterohepatic Catchment. Digestion in the Chicken. Metabolism Gross Energetics and Metabolism. Energy Sources for Metabolic Reactions. Metabolism of Nitrogenous Compounds: Proteins and Amino Acids. Metabolism of Lipids. Carbohydrate Metabolism. Pathology of Metabolism. Growth and Development The Cell Biology of Growth. Growth of Bone, Muscle, and Adipose Tissue. Patterns of Growth. Stress and Defense Mechanisms Stress, Adaptation, Homeorhesis, and Pathogenesis. Thermoregulatory Mechanisms. Reactions to Injury. Reproductive Mechanisms Functional Anatomy of the Reproductive Tracts. Control of Gonadal Function. Reproductive Phases and Seasonal Effects. Mating and the Initiation of Pregnancy. Fetal Development and Maternal Adaptations. Maintenance of Pregnancy and Initiation of Labor. Reproduction in the Chicken. Lactational Biology Functional Anatomy. The Cell Biology of Milk Synthesis and Secretion. Endocrine Control of Mammogenesis and Lactogenesis. Galactopoietic Mechanisms. Epilogue Appendices Index

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Currie, W. Bruce