The development of the principles of electrically conductive polymer composites and the creation of a wide variety of such materials have had a significant influence on modern technology. This volume in the "New Concepts in Polymer Science" series is devoted to various aspects of the structure and properties of electrically conductive polymer composites. This monograph is an attempt to systematize modern ideas on the interconnection of the structure and properties of ECPCs. Specific attention is given to the influence of electric current on kinetics and the direction of chemical interactive processes between such systems and air oxygen. The book also contains a special chapter which is devoted to the practical applications of electrically conductive polymer composites. It should be of use and interest to researchers working in the field.
Table of Contents
Part 1 The main principles of the increase of electric conductivity of polymer composites: various types of filler particle distribution in polymer matrix; fractal structure of electrically conductive filler; the formation of electric current path in electrically conductive polymer composites; experimental data on organizational forms of electrically conductive filler particles in a polymer matrix; electric conductivity mechanisms of electrically conductive polymer composites. Part 2 Selection of basic polymer or polymer matrix: the analysis of exploitation conditions and required material properties; polymers most commonly used for processing and article making; electrically conductive polymers; principles of mathematical modelling of ECPC content selection. Part 3 Selection of electrically conductive filler: metal filers - the mechanism of electric conductivity by particles of metal filler; linear dependence of electric conductivity of metal-filled ECPC; manufacture and properties of metal powder; the influence of physical and chemical factors on the distribution of highly dispersed metal particles; compulsory formation of current conductive paths in ECPCs; the influence of metal fillers on ECPC properties; the influence of magnetic field on electric conductivity of ECPCs; methods of increasing electric conductivity ECPCs with carbon graphite fillers; electron self-conductive polymers. Part 4 Estimation of working ability of electrically conductive polymers - the main spheres of ECPC application: the principles of application of ECPCs instead of traditional materials; some spheres of ECPC aplication; electromagnetic radiation sheilding; antistatic articles; heaters; resistors and transducers; assembling of electronic device components; medicinal goods; cables; articles for technical purposes; other articles made from ECPCs.