Wyclif's ideas caused a major upheaval both in the country of his birth and in the Bohemian area of central Europe; that upheaval affected theological, ecclesiastical and political developments from the late 14th to the early 16th centuries. Some of those ideas were transmitted orally through Wyclif's university teaching in Oxford, and in his preaching in London and Lutterworth, but the main medium through which his message was disseminated was the written word, using the universal western language of Latin. The papers in this collection look at aspects of that dissemination, from the organization and revision of Wyclif's works to form a summa of his ideas, the techniques devised to identify and make accessible his multifarious writings, the attempts of the orthodox clerical establishment to destroy them, through to the fortunes of his texts in the Reformation period; manuscripts written in England and those copied abroad, mostly in Bohemia, are considered. Although most of the papers have been published previously, a new edition of the important Hussite catalogue of Wyclif's writings is provided, and three lengthy sections contribute new material and additions and corrections to previous listings of Wyclif manuscripts.
’… the book is a monumental study of the evolution, dissemination, influence, and survival of his Latin writings. This vast resource brings together in one volume Hudson’s work of almost four decades … an essential resource for scholars interested in any aspect of Wyclif’s career, thought, and remarkable output.’ English Historical Review ’Each of these studies stands on its own, but a successful effort has been made to draw them together into a book that has, in every sense, an integrity of its own…. Of the quality and importance of this work it is scarcely necessary to speak.’ Catholic Historical Review
Contents: Introduction: Wyclif's works and their dissemination; From Oxford to Prague: the writings of John Wyclif and his English followers in Bohemia; The Hussite catalogue of Wyclif's works; Cross-referencing in Wyclif's Latin works; The development of Wyclif's Summa Theologie; Wyclif's Latin sermons: questions of form, date and audience; Accessus ad auctorem: the case of John Wyclif; Trial and error: Wyclif's works in Cambridge,Trinity College MS B.16.2; Wyclif and the North: the evidence from Durham; Peculiaris regis clericus: Wyclif and the issue of authority; Poor preachers, poor men: views of poverty in Wyclif and his followers; The king and erring clergy: a Wycliffite contribution; Notes of an early 15th-century research assistant and the emergence of the 267 articles against Wyclif; Which Wyche? The framing of the Lollard heretic and/or saint; Wyclif texts in 15th-century London; The survival of Wyclif's works in England and Bohemia; Appendices; Indexes.
The first title in the Variorum Collected Studies series was published in 1970. Since then well over 1000 titles have appeared in the series, and it has established a well-earned international reputation for the publication of key research across a whole range of subjects within the fields of history.
The history of the medieval world remains central to the series, with Byzantine studies a particular speciality, but the range of titles extends from Hellenistic philosophy and the history of the Roman empire and early Christianity, through the Renaissance and Reformation, up to the 20th century. Islamic Studies forms another major strand as do the histories of science, technology and medicine.
Each title in the Variorum Collected Studies series brings together for the first time a selection of articles by a leading authority on a particular subject. These studies are reprinted from a vast range of learned journals, Festschrifts and conference proceedings. They make available research that is scattered, even inaccessible in all but the largest and most specialized libraries. With a new introduction and index, and often with new notes and previously unpublished material, they constitute an essential resource.
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