In the World Library of Psychologists series, international experts themselves present career-long collections of what they judge to be their finest pieces - extracts from books, key articles, salient research findings, and their major practical theoretical contributions.
Kenneth Gilhooly has an international reputation as an eminent scholar and pioneer in the field of thinking and reasoning. The book covers key works on problem solving, expertise, working memory and thinking, and ageing. A specially written introduction gives an overview of his career and contextualises the selection in relation to changes in the field during this time.
The book enables the reader to trace developments in thinking and reasoning over the last forty years.It will be essential reading students and researchers of cognitive psychology interested in the history of thinking and reasoning.
Table of Contents
PART ONE: PROBLEM FEATURES AND PROBLEM SOLVING 1. Response times and inspection times in n value concept learning 2. Concrete and abstract terms and relations in testing a rule 3.Effects of solution word attributes on anagram difficulty: a regression analysis PART TWO: EXPERTISE 4. Skill in map reading and memory for maps 5. Biomedical knowledge in diagnostic thinking: the case of electrocardiogram (ECG) interpretation 6. Diagnostic thinking processes: evidence from a constructive interaction study of electrocardiogram (ECG) interpretation PART THREE: WORKING MEMORY AND THINKING 7. Working memory and strategies in syllogistic reasoning tasks 8. Syllogistic reasoning tasks, working memory and skill 9. Visuo-spatial and verbal working memory in the five-disc Tower of London task: an individual-differences approach PART FOUR: AGEING AND COGNITION 10. Planning processes and age in the 5 disk Tower of London task 11. The effects of age and induced positive and negative mood on planning 12. Cognitive aging: activity patterns and maintenance intentions PART FIVE: CREATIVE THINKING AND INSIGHT PROBLEM SOLVING 13. Differentiating insight from non-insight problems 14. Divergent thinking: strategies and executive involvement in generating novel use for familiar objects 15. Don’t wait to incubate: Immediate v. delayed incubation in divergent thinking 16. Incubation and creativity: Do something different
Kenneth J. Gilhooly is Research Professor of Quantitative Gerontology at Brunel University, UK and Emeritus Professor at the University of Hertfordshire, UK. He is former Chair of the Cognitive Section of the BPS and has served on the ESRC Research Grants Board and the ESRC College of Assessors.