This volume investigates how, where and when subjects and citizens come into being, assert themselves and exercise subjecthood or citizenship in the formation of modern India. It argues for the importance of understanding legal practice – how rights are performed in dispute and negotiation – from the parliament and courts to street corners and field sites. The essays in the book explore themes such as land law and rights, court procedure, freedom of speech, sex workers’ mobilisation, refugee status, adivasi people and non-state actors, and bring together studies from across north India, spanning from early colonial to contemporary times.
Representing scholarship in history, anthropology and political science that draws on wide-ranging field and archival research, the volume will immensely benefit scholars, students and researchers of development, history, political science, sociology, anthropology, law and public policy.
List of contributors
List of abbreviations
Becoming and being a subject: an introduction
1 The making of subjects on British India’s North-Eastern Frontier
2 The temperament of empire: law and conquest in late 19th-century India
3 Contagious contestations: sex work, medicine and law in colonial and postcolonial Sonagachhi
4 Laws and colonial subjects: the subject–citizen riddle and the making of section 295 (A)
5 A homeland for ‘tribal’ subjects: revisiting British colonial experimentations in the Kolhan Government Estate
SANJUKTA DAS GUPTA
6 Conflict and governance: participation and strategic veto in Bihar and Jharkhand, India
7 Refugees in India: a study into (un)equal status, treatment and prospects
8 Law, agro-ecology and colonialism in mid-Gangetic India, 1770s–1910s
Subjects, citizens and law: a postscript