Substance Abuse in the Workplace: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Substance Abuse in the Workplace

1st Edition

By Reginald Campbell, R. Everett Langford

CRC Press

224 pages

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Hardback: 9780873711319
pub: 1995-04-27
$180.00
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Description

Substance Abuse in the Workplace makes a valuable contribution to the national movement to help stem the tide of drug abuse. The book begins with the history of substance abuse, continues with a discussion of how the human body functions normally or under the influence of chemicals, and follows with a toxicological description of the more common chemicals abused today in America. It discusses ways to help the abuser through identification and assistance programs and also covers the laws involved.

The broad audience for Substance Abuse in the Workplace is includes middle and upper management, labor leaders, industrial hygienists, safety personnel, and workers.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Who is This Book For?

Importance of the Problem

Paradigms and Politics

Purpose of This Book

Brief History of Substance Abuse

Introduction

Chemical Dependency and Substance Abuse

Early History

Opium

Coca and Cocaine

Khat

Alcohol

Mushrooms and Other Fungi

Cacti

Marijuana

Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Drugs

Summary

How the Human Body Works

Introduction

Definitions

Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology

Respiratory System

Digestive System

Nervous System

Reproductive System

Endocrine System

Blood Circulatory System

Lymphatic System

Urinary System

The Liver

Summary

The Chemistry of Medicinal Substances

Introduction

Definitions

Classes of Common Chemical Substances

Commonly Abused Chemicals

Alcohol

Amphetamines

Barbiturates

Phenothiazines and Benzodiazepines

Alkaloids

Opiates

Cocaine and Cocates

Hallucinogens

Salicylates

Aspirin Substitutes

Marijuana

Steroids

Antihistamines

Bromides

Lithium

Diet Medications

Laxatives

Vitamin Abuse

Designer Chemical Substances

Commercial Products

Over-the-Counter Chemical Substances

Unusual Drugs

Mixing Drugs

Summary

Toxicology of Chemical Substances

Introduction

Definitions

Health Hazards

Acute Exposures

Chronic Exposures

Toxic Classes

Poisoning Potential

Dose Response

Animal Models

Response Curve

Distribution Curve

Cancer and Birth Defects

Teratogens

Mutagens

Carcinogens

Mixtures of Substances

Summary

Interactions with Occupational or Environmental Chemicals

Introduction

Synergistic and Antagonistic Effects

Occupational Exposures and Substance Abuse

Environmental Exposures and Substance Abuse

Summary

Identification of the Substance Abuser

Why Do People Misuse Chemical Substances?

Peer Pressure

Maladapted Response to Stress

Is the Abuser "Different"?

Identification and Recognition of the Substance Abuser

Drug Testing

Summary

Employee Assistance Programs

Introduction

What Is an EAP?

Types of EAPs

Elements of the Program

Administrative Functions

How the Program Works

Five-Step Program to Assist the Employee

Cost Effectiveness of an EAP

National Institute on Drug Abuse Assistance to EAPs

Summary

Laws and Regulations Governing Substance Abuse

Introduction

Early Legislation

Recent Legislation

Physician Licensing and Prescription System

Role of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

Drug Schedules

Role of the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)

Drug-Free Workplace Act of 1988

Requirements under the Act for Employers

Requirements under the Act for Employees

Summary

Substance Abuse in Specific Work Settings

Introduction

Substance Abuse in the Medical and Allied Sciences Professions

Substance Abuse in the Transportation Industries

Substance Abuse in the Mining and Petroleum Industries

Substance Abuse in the Construction Industries

Substance Abuse in the Clerical Professions

Substance Abuse in the Law Enforcement and Firefighting Professions

Substance Abuse in the Military

Substance Abuse in the Entertainment Industries

Substance Abuse in Sports

Substance Abuse in the Teaching Profession

Substance Abuse in the Manufacturing and Utilities Industries

Substance Abuse in the Warehousing and Sales Industries

Summary

Case Studies and Examples

Use of Case Studies

Case Studies

Some General Conclusions from These Case Studies

A Final Word

Why This Book

What Can Be Done

Conclusion

Appendixes:

A. Chronology of History of Drug Abuse

B. Contacts and Telephone Numbers for Help

C. Procedures for Setting Up Drug Testing Program

D. Model Drug-Free Workplace Program Documents

E. The Employee Assistance Program

Glossary

Bibliography

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUS030000
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Human Resources & Personnel Management
TEC017000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety