This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
As the world’s energy hunger grows ever larger, fossil fuel reserves are diminishing—and concerns about climate change remind us that our love affair with fossil fuels cannot continue much longer. This has inspired intense research into sustainable energy sources. Biofuels seemed initially promising, but the world soon realized that food-based biofuel has its own dangers. Second-generation biofuels, however, use biomass from crops' inedible parts—such as the stalks and leaves of sugarcane—offering a far more practical, sustainable, and commercially viable solution.
In this book, researchers from around the world review some of the most important and timely topics related to using sugarcane feedstock for biofuel. After a basic overview, topics such as these are included:
- Pretreatment methods
- The use of various microbial technologies, including bacteria and yeast, to enhance biofuel production
- Environmental impacts
- Economic feasibility
- The viability of electricity being produced side by side with biofuel
Essential reading for graduate students and research scientists investigating second-generation biofuels, this book is also recommended for environmentalists, environmental engineers, and microbiologists.
Table of Contents
Part I: Overview
Sugarcane Biomass Production and Renewable Energy; Moses Isabirye, D. V. N Raju, M. Kitutu, V. Yemeline, J. Deckers, and J. Poesen
Evaluating the Composition and Processing Potential of Novel Sources of Brazilian Biomass for Sustainable Biorenewables Production; Marisa A. Lima, Leonardo D. Gomez, Clare G. Steele-King, Rachael Simister, Oigres D. Bernardinelli, Marcelo A. Carvalho, Camila A. Rezende, Carlos A. Labate, Eduardo R. deAzevedo, Simon J. McQueen-Mason, and Igor Polikarpov
Part II: Cultivation and Optimization Processes
Towards the Production of Second Generation Ethanol from Sugarcane Bagasse in Brazil; T. P. Basso, T. O. Basso, C. R. Gallo, and L. C. Basso
Obtaining New Cultures of Microorganisms That Produces Cellulases and Xylanases from the Sugarcane Bagasse; Ludmylla Noleto, Daniella Moreira, and Fabrícia Faria
Design and Optimization of Ethanol Production from Bagasse Pith Hydrolysate by a Thermotolerant Yeast Kluyveromyces sp. IIPE453 Using Response Surface Methodology; Diptarka Dasgupta, Sunil Kumar Suman, Diwakar Pandey, Debashish Ghosh, Rashmi Khan, Deepti Agrawal, Rakesh Kumar Jain, Vasanta Thakur Vadde, and Dilip K Adhikari
Ultra-Structural Mapping of Sugarcane Bagasse After Oxalic Acid Fiber Expansion (OAFEX) and Ethanol Production by Candida Shehatae and Saccharomyces Cerevisiae; Anuj K. Chandel, Felipe F. A. Antunes, Virgilio Anjos, Maria J. V. Bell, Leonarde N. Rodrigues, Om V. Singh, Carlos A. Rosa, Fernando C. Pagnocca, and Silvio S. da Silva
Combined Biological and Chemical Pretreatment Method for Lignocellulosic Ethanol Production from Energy Cane; V. Sri Harjati Suhardi, Bijeta Prasai, David Samaha, and Raj Boopathy
A Novel Promising Trichoderma Harzianum Strain for the Production of a Cellulolytic Complex Using Sugarcane Bagasse in Natura; Bruno Benoliel, Fernando Araripe Gonçalves Torres, and Lidia Maria Pepe de Moraes
Conversion of C6 and C5 Sugars in Undetoxified Wet Exploded Bagasse Hydrolysates Using Scheffersomyces (Pichia) Stipitis CBS6054; Rajib Biswas, Hinrich Uellendah, and Birgitte K. Ahring
Part III: Economic and Environmental Factors
Bioelectricity Versus Bioethanol from Sugarcane Bagasse: Is It Worth Being Flexible?; Felipe F. Furlan, Renato Tonon Filho, Fabio H. P. B. Pinto,
Caliane B. B. Costa, Antonio J. G. Cruz, Raquel L. C. Giordano, and Roberto C. Giordano
Environmental Assessment of Residues Generated After Consecutive Acid-Base Pretreatment of Sugarcane Bagasse by Advanced Oxidative Process; Ivy dos Santos Oliveira, Anuj K. Chandel, Messias Borges Silva, and Silvio Silvério da Silva
Part IV: Options for the Future
Comparative Analysis of Electricity Cogeneration Scenarios in
Sugarcane Production by LCA; João Paulo Macedo Guerra, José Roberto Coleta Jr., Luiza Carvalho Martins Arruda, Gil Anderi Silva, and Luiz Kulay
Techno-Economic Comparison of Ethanol and Electricity Coproduction Schemes from Sugarcane Residues at Existing Sugar Mills in Southern Africa; Abdul M. Petersen, Mathew C. Aneke, and Johann F. Görgens
Barnabas Gikonyo graduated from Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois (2007), with a PhD in organic and materials chemistry. He currently teaches organic and general chemistry classes at the State University of New York Geneseo, along with corresponding laboratories and the oversight of general chemistry labs. His research interests range from the application of various biocompatible, polymeric materials as "biomaterial bridging surfaces" for the repair of spinal cord injuries, to the use of osteoconductive cements for the repair of critical sized bone defects/fractures. Currently, he is studying the development of alternative, non-food biofuels.