1st Edition

Sundarbans Mangrove Systems A Geo-Informatics Approach

Edited By Anirban Mukhopadhyay, Debashis Mitra, Sugata Hazra Copyright 2022
    362 Pages 108 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    362 Pages 108 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Sundarbans, a UNESCO heritage site, is the world’s largest single chunk of mangroves distributed on the Indian and Bangladesh coasts. The mangroves and associated ecosystems are one of the most fertile ecosystems of the earth. Sundarbans Mangrove Systems: A Geo-Informatics Approach portrays different perspectives of studying Sundarbans and mangroves using geospatial analysis. This book highlights the major issues with the Sundarbans mangrove forest, its future conservation strategies and its ecological importance using geo-informatics technology. It explains the usage of remote sensing data for providing information about the present state of mangroves and their tropic status, including assessment in terms of extent, density of community, condition, diversity, identifying potential habitats and heterogeneity. Furthermore, it discusses the use of hyperspectral remote sensing data for species level classification of mangroves, community zonation for biodiversity assessment and for preparing management plans for conservation.


    • Exclusively covers the ecological state of Sundarbans (mangrove systems) through geo-informatic studies
    • Describes the application of a combination of geomorphological, biogeochemical and remote sensing methods to the analysis of temporal changes
    • Includes environmental factors affecting the health and decline of mangroves
    • Covers biodiversity and ecological controls in mangroves ecosystems
    • Discusses a remote sensing approach for tropical forested island and mangroves mapping

    This book is aimed at graduate students and researchers in environmental sciences, ecology, marine sciences, biology, geosciences and GIS/remote sensing areas.

    Section1 Remote Sensing of Mangroves.

    Chapter1: Remote Sensing of Mangroves.

    Dewan Mohammad Enamul Haque, Tonoy Mahmud, Azmery Iqbal Afnan, Shamima Ferdousi Sifa, Md. Kamruzzaman Tusar

    Chapter 2: Does mid-resolution Landsat data provide sufficient accuracy for image classification and mapping at species level? A case of the Bangladesh Sundarbans, Bay of Bengal

    Authors: Manoj Kumer Ghosh, Lalit Kumar

    Chapter 3: Effect of Statistical Relative Radiometric Normalization on Spectral Response of Mangrove Vegetation of Indian Sundarban – A Comparative Performance Evaluation on Sentinel 2A Multi-Spectral Data

    Abhisek Santra , Debashis Mitra , Shreyashi S. Mitra

    Chapter 4: Remote Sensing as a tool for Mangrove ecosystem mapping and monitoring: On Sundarbans’ perspective

    Kaushik Gupta , Niloy Pramanick, Anirban Mukhopadhyay

    Section 2 Ecology of Sundarbans a geo-informatics approach

    Chapter 5: Plant Diversity Assessment in Indian Sunderban Mangroves: A Geoinformatics Approach

    Subrata Nandy ,Muna Tamang ,S.P.S. Kushwaha

    Chapter 6: Spatio-temporal distribution of microforams in the Sundarban mangrove forest, Bangladesh: Response to ecological imbalance

    Tumpa Saha, Mahmud Al Noor Tushar, Premanondo Debnath and Subrota Kumar Saha

    Chapter 7: Change analysis of biophysical parameters of mangrove forests over Indian Sundarbans using geospatial techniques: A special emphasis on Leaf Area Index and Percentage Canopy Cover

    Apratim Biswas, Chalantika Laha Salui

    Section 3 Ecosystem services analysis using GIS

    Chapter 8: Economic valuation of ecosystem services of Sundarbans Natural Reserve Region, India

    Srikanta Sannigrahi, Francesco Pilla, Bidroha Basu, Arunima Sarkar Basu, P.S. Roy, P.K. Joshi

    Chapter 9: An appraisal of tourism industry as alternative livelihood in Indian Sundarban

    Rituparna Hajra, Tuhin Ghosh

    Chapter 10: An analysis of Small-scale Fisheries Management status by focusing on degrading Fisheries Resources in the Sundarbans

    Indrajit Pal, Afshana Parven , Md. Ashik-Ur-Rahman, Mohammad Sofi Ullah and Khan Ferdousour Rahman

    Section 4 Vulnerability of Sundarbans through geospatial analysis

    Chapter 11: Biophysical vulnerability assessment of Indian Sundarban Mangrove

    Sayani Datta Majumdar, Niloy Pramanick , SugataHazra,

    Chapter 12: Monitoring the effects of the tropical cyclone ‘Amphan’ on the Indian Sundarbans using Microwave remote sensing.

    Rituparna Acharyya, Niloy Pramanick, Kaushik Gupta, Atreya Basu, Tuhin Ghosh , Anirban Mukhopadhyay

    Chapter 13: Satellite Remote Sensing to evaluate the Social Consequences of Bio-physical Damage: A Case Study of Cyclone Amphan in Sundarbans Adjoining Areas in Bangladesh

    Sheikh Tawhidul Islam , Indrajit Pal , Krishna Prosad Mondal

    Chapter 14: Vulnerability to saltwater intrusion along coastal Bangladesh using GIS and hydrogeological data

    Md Ashraful Islam and D. Mitra

    Chapter 15: Salinity dynamics in the Hooghly-Matla estuarine system and its impact on the mangrove plants of Indian Sundarban

    Subrata Mitra, Abhra Chanda, Sourav Das, Tuhin Ghosh, Sugata Hazra


    Dr. Anirban Mukhopadhyay is a Geospatial researcher. After completing two masters in Marine Science (Calcutta University) and Remote Sensing and GIS (Indian Institute of Remote Sensing), he has achieved his Doctoral degree from Jadavpur University. After working on different multinational environmental projects with Jadavpur University, International Growth Centre, The World Bank, etc., he has joined as a researcher at Center for Earth Observation Science (CEOS), University of Manitoba, Canada. Dr. Mukhopadhyay has numerous publications on remote sensing and GIS. He has vast experience in geospatial analysis of Mangroves and the environment of Sundarbans. Dr. Mukhopadhyay also has an interest in understanding the land-ocean dynamics and their effect on the mangrove ecosystem. He has a particular interest in the study of the impact of climate change on this fragile ecosystem. He has worked on both Indian and Bangladesh Sundarbans.

    Dr. Debashis Mitra is a geologist by profession. He passed his Master in Applied Geology and M.Tech in Engineering Geology from IIT (ISM), Dhanbad, and completed his doctorate from ITC, The Netherlands, in sandwich mode. Dr. Mitra is working with the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) for the last 25 years. He is presently heading the Department of Marine and Atmospheric Science at the Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS), Dehradun. He is responsible for capacity building activities on remote sensing and GIS applications on Ocean and atmospheric sciences at IIRS. Dr. Mitra has vast experience in Remote Sensing and GIS application for Coastal Zone Management, Coastal hazards, and Coastal geology and Geomorphology. He has more than 80 publications in peer-reviewed journals, along with several chapters in international books. He has also edited a book on Environmental Remote Sensing from Springer Publication. Dr. Mitra leads several Projects sponsored by ISRO and other organizations on geospatial applications for the coastal zone. Dr. Mitra has guided numerous students in Ph.D., M.Tech, and Postgraduate Diploma level. He is a reviewer of several national and international journals and an editorial board member of GI Science and Remote Sensing. Dr.Mitra is working on geospatial analysis of Mangroves and Sundarbans for the last two decades. He is a lead scientist in this field with a vast experience in Sundarbans.

    Dr. Sugata Hazra, a Geologist by profession, is a Professor of Coastal Zone Management and former Director of the School of Oceanographic Studies at Jadavpur University, India. He has done pioneering research on Sundarbans, Climate Change, and Biophysical impact. He has led several international and national level research projects on Sundarbans and coastal oceans and has more than 100 international publications, edited volumes, monographs to his credit. He has mentored over30 Ph.D. students.

    Dr. Hazra has been a member of the Indian Antarctic Expedition in the year 1996-97. He is a recipient of the Gold Medal from the Asiatic Society and is a member of the West Bengal State Coastal Zone Management Authority, nominated by the Government of India.

    Some of his ongoing projects include ‘Opportunities and trade-offs between the SDGs for food, welfare and the environment in deltas(UKIERI-DBT),’ Tidal energy for village electricity supply in Indian Sundarban biosphere(UKIERI-DST), Vulnerability Assessment of Mangroves and Corals of West Bengal, Odisha and Andaman Islands(DST), Study of carbon dynamics in estuaries and nearshore waters of Hugli Estuary(NRSC), Geospatial assessment of mangrove’s species discrimination in Indian Sundarbans, their health and its effect on the environment and climate using airborne hyperspectral (AVIRIS NG) and RISAT-I remote sensing data(SAC), Enhancing adaptive capacity and resilience to climate change of small and marginal farmers in Purulia and Bankura district West Bengal(NABARD, India through Development Research Communication and Services Centre).