1st Edition

Superhydrophobic Surfaces

By Alain Carré, Kash L. Mittal Copyright 2009

    Superhydrophobic surfaces (water contact angles higher than 150º) can only be achieved by a combination of hydrophobicity (low surface energy materials) with appropriate surface texture. In nature one can find an array of impressive and elegant examples of superhydrophobic surfaces. For example, on a lotus leaf rain drops bounce off after impact, then entirely roll off the lotus leaf and drag along any dirt particles, without leaving residues. The artificial design of superhydrophobic and self-cleaning surfaces has become an extremely active area of fundamental and applied research. This book presents both fundamental and applied aspects of superhydrophobic surfaces. It describes also different strategies for making superhydrophobic surfaces from a large diversity of materials (polymers, metals and other inorganic materials, composites) and processes (lithographic techniques, electrochemical processes, self-assembly processes, colloidal particles, sol-gel processes, nanofilaments, or simple scraping). A bountiful of information is covered in this book which represents cumulative wisdom of many world-renowned researchers in the fascinating and burgeoning area of superhydrophobic surfaces.


    Fundamentals of Superhydrophobicity

    Fabrication of Superhydrophobic Surfaces; S. H. Kim

    Ultra-hydrophobicity Through Stochastic Surface Roughness; M. Flemming, L. Coriand and A. Duparré

    Optimizing Super-Hydrophobic Surfaces: Criteria for Comparison of Surface Topographies; E. Bittoun and A. Marmur

    Hydrophobicity of Surfaces with Cavities: Making Hydrophobic Substrates from Hydrophilic Materials?; N. A. Patankar

    Dynamics of Fakir Liquids: From Slip to Splash; C. Duez, C. Ybert, C. Barentin, C. Cottin-Bizonne and L. Bocquet

    Static and Dynamic Wetting Characteristics of Nano-patterned Surfaces; P. M. Harder, T. A. Shedd and M. Colburn

    Superhydrophobic Surfaces from Polymers

    Wettability Alteration of Polymer Surfaces Produced by Scraping; C. Guo, S. Wang, H. Liu, L. Feng, Y. Song and L. Jiang

    Surface Properties of Honeycomb and Pincushion Structures of Various Hydrophobic Polymer Materials Prepared by Self-Organization; H. Yabu, Y. Hirai, M. Kojima and M. Shimomura

    Hydrophobic and Superhydrophobic Polyphosphazenes; H. R. Allcock, L. Steely, A. Singh and M. Hindenlang

    Superhydrophobic Fluorinated Polyurethane Films; D. Wu, W. Ming, R. A. T. M. van Benthem and G. de With

    A Simple Approach for Fabricating a Superhydrophobic Surface Based on Poly(methyl methacrylate); X. Lu, Y. Jin, S. Tan, L. Zhang, Y. Liu, X. Zhang and J. Xu

    Superhydrophobic Polyethylene Films by Catalytic Ethylene Polymerization; P. C. Thüne, W. Han, W. Ming and H. J. W. Niemantsverdriet

    Plasma-Treated Superhydrophobic Polyethylene Surfaces: Fabrication, Wetting and Dewetting Properties; J. Fresnais, J. P. Chapel, L. Benyahia and F. Poncin-Epaillard

    Generation and Characterization of Super-Hydrophobic Micro- and Nano-structured Surfaces; O. Mertsch, D. Schondelmaier, I. Rudolph, O. Kutz, A. D. Walter, A. Schleunitz, J. Kouba, C. Waberski and B. Loechel

    Reversibly Photo-Responsive Polymer Surfaces for Controlled Wettability; S. H. Anastasiadis, M. I. Lygeraki, A. Athanassiou, M. Farsari and D. Pisignano

    Superhydrophobic Metallic Surfaces and Their Wetting Properties; E. Bormashenko, T. Stein, G. Whyman, R. Pogreb, S. Sutovsky, Y. Danoch, Y. Shoham, Y. Bormashenko, B. Sorokov and D. Aurbach

    A Review of Recent Results on Superhydrophobic Materials Based on Micro- and Nanofibers; M. Ma, R. M. Hill and G. C. Rutledge

    Superhydrophobic Surfaces from Silanes, Colloids, Particles or Sol–Gel Processes

    Superhydrophobic Silicone Nanofilament Coatings; J. Zimmermann, G. R. J. Artus and S. Seeger

    A Translucent and Superhydrophobic Surface Prepared with a Sol–Gel Method Based on Alumina Nanoparticles; M. Shi, J. Xi, H. Wang and X. Wu

    Fabrication and Superhydrophobic Behavior of Fluorinated Silica Nanosphere Arrays; C.-T. Hsieh, W.-Y. Chen, F.-L. Wu and Y.-S. Shen

    UV-Resistant and Superhydrophobic Self-Cleaning Surfaces Using Sol–Gel Processes; Y. Xiu, D. W. Hess and C. P. Wong

    Wettability and Superhydrophobicity of 2-D Ordered Nano-structured Arrays Based on Colloidal Monolayers; W. Cai, Y. Li and G. Duan

    Effects of Various Additives during Hot Water Treatment on the Formation of Alumina Thin Films for Superhydrophobic Surfaces; K. Tadanaga, N. Yamaguchi, A. Matsuda, T. Minami and M. Tatsumisago

    Polybenzoxazine–Silica Hybrid Surface with Environmentally Responsive Wettability Behavior; H.-C. Lin, H.-L. Chang, C.-F. Wang, C.-F. Huang and F.-C. Chang

    Wettability of Rough Polymer, Metal and Oxide Surfaces as well as of Composite Surfaces; X. Jia

    Superhydrophobic Surfaces from Electrochemical Processes

    Electrochemical Fabrication of Superhydrophobic Surfaces on Metal and Semiconductor Substrates; H. Bai, C. Li and G. Shi

    Fabrication of Superhydrophobic Surfaces by Electropolymerization of Thiophene and Pyrrole Derivatives; M. Nicolas

    Wettability of Methacrylate Copolymer Films Deposited on Anodically Oxidized and Roughened Aluminium Surfaces; R. Frenzel, C. Blank, K. Grundke, V. Hein, B. Schmidt, F. Simon,

    M. Thieme and H. Worch

    Applications and New Insights

    Recent Approaches to Highly Hydrophobic Textile Surfaces; T. Bahners, T. Textor, K. Opwis and E. Schollmeyer

    Superhydrophobic Coatings for Microdevices; J.-Y. Shiu, W.-T. Whang and P. Chen

    Electrowetting on Superhydrophobic Surfaces: Present Status and Prospects; J. Heikenfeld and M. Dhindsa

    Wetting of Single and Mixed Surfactant Solutions on Superhydrophobic Surfaces; M. Ferrari, F. Ravera and L. Liggieri

    Characterisation of Wetting by Solidification of Agarose Solution Sessile Drops; O. Werner, B. Pettersson and L. Wågberg

    The Role of Adaptive-Deformation of Water Strider Leg in Its Walking on Water; Q.-S. Zheng, Y. Yu and X.-Q. Feng


    Alain Carre, Kash L. Mittal