1st Edition

Surface Chemistry Essentials





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ISBN 9781439871782
Published November 26, 2013 by CRC Press
285 Pages 132 B/W Illustrations

USD $56.95

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Book Description

Surface chemistry plays an important role in everyday life, as the basis for many phenomena as well as technological applications. Common examples range from soap bubbles, foam, and raindrops to cosmetics, paint, adhesives, and pharmaceuticals. Additional areas that rely on surface chemistry include modern nanotechnology, medical diagnostics, and drug delivery. There is extensive literature on this subject, but most chemistry books only devote one or two chapters to it. Surface Chemistry Essentials fills a need for a reference that brings together the fundamental aspects of surface chemistry with up-to-date references and data from real-world examples.

This book enables readers to better understand many natural phenomena and industrial processes. Mathematical treatment is mainly given as references to make the material accessible to individuals with a broader range of scientific backgrounds. The book begins by introducing basic considerations with respect to liquid and solid surfaces and describes forces in curved versus flat liquid surfaces. Chapters cover properties of surface active substances, such as surfactants and soaps; lipid films and Langmuir-Blodgett films; and adsorption and desorption on solid surfaces.

The author discusses processes involved in liquid–solid interface phenomena, which are utilized in washing, coatings, lubrication, and more, and colloid chemistry systems and related industrial applications such as wastewater treatment. The author also addresses bubbles, films, and foams and the principles of oil–water emulsion science, used in detergents, paints, and skin creams. The final chapter considers more complex applications, for example, food emulsions, scanning probe miscroscopy, the cement industry, and gas and oil recovery.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Surfaces Chemistry Essentials
What Is Surface Chemistry?
Essential Surface Chemistry Concepts

Capillarity and Surface Forces in Liquids (Curved Surfaces)
Introduction
Origin of Surface Forces in Liquids
Capillary Forces: Laplace Equation, and Liquid Curvature and Pressure (Mechanical Definition)
Capillary Rise or Fall of Liquids (Capillary Forces)
Soap Bubbles: Formation and Stability
Measurement of Surface Tension of Liquids
Typical Surface Tension Data of Liquids
Appendix 2A: Effect of Temperature and Pressure on Surface Tension of Liquids (Corresponding States Theory of Liquids)

Surfactant (Soaps and Detergents) Solutions: Essential Surface Properties
Introduction
Surface Tension Properties of Aqueous Solutions
Gibbs Adsorption Equation in Solutions
Applications of Surface Active Agents
Appendix 3B: Solubility of Organic Molecules in Water (A Surface Tension–Cavity Model Theory)

Monomolecular Lipid Films on Liquid Surfaces and Langmuir-Blodgett Films
Introduction.
Other Changes at Water Surfaces Due to Lipid Monolayers
Effect of Lipid Monolayers on Evaporation Rates of Liquids
Monolayers of Macromolecules at the Water Surface
Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) Films (Transfer of Lipid Monolayers on Solids)
Bilayer Lipid Membranes (BLMs)
Diverse Applications

Solid Surfaces: Adsorption and Desorption of Different Substances
Introduction
Solid Surface Tension: Wetting Properties of Solid Surfaces.
Contact Angle of Liquids on Solid Surfaces
Measurements of Contact Angles at Liquid–Solid Interfaces
Adsorption of Gases on Solid Surfaces
Adsorption of Substances from Solution on Solid Surfaces
Solid Surface Roughness (Degree of Roughness)
Surface Tension of Solid Polymers
Diverse Applications
Appendix 5C: Gas Adsorption on Solid Surface—Essential Principle Theory

Wetting, Adsorption, and Cleaning Processes
Introduction
Oil Recovery Technology and Surface Forces
Applications in Cleaning Processes
Evaporation Rates of Liquid Drops
Adhesion between Two Solid Surfaces (Glues)

Colloidal Dispersion Systems: Physicochemical Essential Properties
Introduction
Colloids Stability (DLVO Theory)
Kinetics of Coagulation of Colloids
Dispersions of Solid Particles in Fluids
Applications of Colloid Systems

Gas Bubbles: Thin Liquid Films and Foams
Introduction
Soap Bubbles and Foams
Applications of Foams and Bubbles

Emulsions, Microemulsions, and Lyotropic Liquid Crystals
Introduction
Formation of Emulsions (Oil and Water)
Microemulsions
Lyotropic Liquid Crystals
Applications of Emulsions
Emulsion Stability and Structure

Essential Surface and Colloid Chemistry in Science and Industry
Introduction
Food Emulsions (Milk Industry)
Applications of Scanning Probe Microscopes to Surface and Colloid Chemistry
Drug Delivery Design
Building and Cement Industry
Fracking Industry: Gas and Oil Recovery from Shale Deposits
Other Industrial Applications

References
Appendix:
Common Fundamental Constants

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Author(s)

Biography

Professor Birdi has worked at Standard Oil of California; Lever Bros. in Copenhagen, Denmark; and the Danish Technical University, Lyngby, Denmark. Dr. Birdi was appointed research professor in 1985, and in 1990 (through 1999) he was appointed as a professor at the School of Pharmacy in Copenhagen, Denmark. Professor Birdi has been a consultant to various national and international industries. He has been a member of various chemical societies and organizing committees of national and international meetings related to surface science (advisory member, 1985–1987, of the ACS journal Langmuir). Professor Birdi is the author of some 100 papers and articles and has published diverse books, most recently Surface & Colloid Chemistry, CRC Press, 2010; and Introduction to Electrical Interfacial Phenomena, K.S. Birdi (Editor), 2010, CRC Press.