A child with developmental dyslexia or an adult with a reading disorder following brain damage might read the word shoe as ‘show’, why does this happen?
Most current information processing models of reading distinguish between two alternative procedures for the pronunciation of a printed word. The difference between these concerns the level at which orthography is translated to phonology in one, the word-level procedure, a word is read aloud with reference to knowledge specific to that whole word. In the other, the sub-word-level procedure, a printed word is pronounced with reference to knowledge about smaller segments which occur in many different words.
Both procedures contribute to normal skilled reading and its acquisition. But if one of the procedures is disrupted, then oral reading will be forced to rely on the alternative routine. Surface dyslexia is a general label for any disorder of reading which results from inadequate functioning of the word-level procedure and in consequence abnormal reliance on sub-word level translation from orthography to phonology.
Originally published in 1985, this book provides new evidence about the diverse manifestations of surface dyslexia in adult neurological patients and in children with developmental disorders of reading. The data are drawn from speakers of a range of languages with distinct orthographies. Process models for the pronunciation of print are elaborated, and an appendix gives neurological information on the patients reported.
List of Contributors. Phonetic Alphabets. General Introduction. Part 1: Case Studies of Acquired Surface Dyslexia Introduction 1. Whole-word and Analytic Translation of Spelling to Sound in a Non-semantic Reader D. Bub, A. Cancelliere and A. Kertesz 2. Reading and Writing by Letter Sounds F. Newcombe and J.C. Marshall 3. Lexicalisation and Reading Performance in Surface Dyslexia E.M. Saffran Part 2: Comprehension in Surface Dyslexia Introduction 4. Routes to Meaning in Surface Dyslexia J.Kay and K.E. Patterson 5. Routes and Strategies in Surface Dyslexia and Dysgraphia H. Kremin 6. Common Mechanisms in Dysnomia and Post-semantic Surface Dyslexia: Processing Deficits and Selective Attention D.I. Margolin, A.J. Marcel and N.R. Carlson 7. Word Comprehension in Surface Dyslexia M.-C. Goldblum Part 3: Surface Dyslexia in Various Orthographies Introduction 8. Surface Dyslexia in a Language without Irregularly Spelled Words J. Masterson, M. Coltheart and P. Meara 9. Surface Dyslexia and Dysgraphia: How are they Manifested in Japanese? S. Sasanuma 10. Dyslexia in a Dravidian Language P. Karanth Part 4: Surface Dyslexia and the Development of Reading Introduction 11. Surface Dyslexia: Variations within a Syndrome C.M. Temple 12. On How We Read Non-Words: Data from Different Populations J. Masterson 13. Beneath the Surface of Developmental Dyslexia U. Frith Part 5: Modelling the Pronunciation of Print Introduction 14. From Orthography to Phonology: An Attempt at an Old Interpretation K.E. Patterson and J. Morton 15. Phonological Reading: From Patterns of Impairment to Possible Procedures T. Shallice and R. McCarthy 16. The "Phonemic" Stage in the Non-lexical Reading Process: Evidence from a Case of Phonological Alexia J. Derouesné and M.-F. Beauvois 17. Issues in the Modelling of Pronunciation Assembly in Normal Reading L. Henderson Part 6: Neurological Appendix 18. CT Scan Correlates of Surface Dyslexia M. Vanier and D. Caplan. Author Index. Subject Index.
The psychology of reading investigates the process by which readers extract visual information from written text and make sense of it. Psychology Library Editions: Psychology of Reading (11 Volumes) brings together as one set, or individual volumes, a small series of previously out-of-print titles, originally published between 1980 and 1995. The set includes topics such as dyslexia and the relationship between speech and reading.