Surface Phenomena in the Structural and Mechanical Behaviour of Solid Polymers: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Surface Phenomena in the Structural and Mechanical Behaviour of Solid Polymers

1st Edition

By L. Volynskii, N. F. Bakeev

CRC Press

526 pages | 286 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2016-02-03
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Description

Surface Phenomena in the Structural and Mechanical Behaviour of Solid Polymers explores the role of various surface phenomena in the structural and mechanical behaviour of amorphous and semicrystalline polymers. This book:

  • Discusses the development of the interfacial surface in the deformation of polymers
  • Examines the healing of interfacial surfaces in polymers
  • Inspects the structure and properties of polymers in thin films and surface layers
  • Evaluates the mechanism of inelastic deformation in glassy amorphous polymers
  • Investigates strain softening and the phenomena taking place upon deformation of polymers in active liquid media
  • Covers the Rehbinder effect, or the adsorption reduction of the strength of solids
  • Describes the properties of polymers in environmental or solvent crazing
  • Analyses the interaction of the highly developed surface of crazed polymers with diverse low- and high-molecular mass components
  • Addresses the instability and self-organisation of surface layers in polymers and diverse polymer systems
  • Presents theoretical speculations concerning the structurally mechanical behaviour of ‘a rigid coating on a soft substratum’ (RCSS) systems
  • Assesses the stress–strain properties of the thin surface layers of polymers and the nanometric coatings deposited on their surfaces
  • Highlights the efficacy of the approaches developed for RCSS systems for the analysis and description of natural phenomena
  • Details the applied aspects of surface phenomena in the structurally mechanical behaviour of polymers

Thus, Surface Phenomena in the Structural and Mechanical Behaviour of Solid Polymers provides a useful framework for the development of new and innovative polymer-based materials.

Table of Contents

Development of the interfacial surface in deformation of polymers

The method for visualisation of structural rearrangements taking place during the variation of the surface area of deformed polymers

Visualisation of structural rearrangements accompanying the development of the interfacial surface in deformation of rubbery polymers

Visualisation of structural rearrangements taking place during annealing of amorphous polymers oriented above the glass transition temperature

Rolling of glassy polycarbonate

Structural rearrangement in the deformed polymer in the conditions of isometric heating

Healing of the interfacial surface in polymer systems

Healing of the interfacial surfaces in rubbery polymers

Healing of the interfacial surface in glassy polymers

Heterophase healing of polymer interfaces

Heterochemical healing of the polymer–polymer interfaces

Monolithization of powders

Healing of the interfaces produced upon fracture of glassy polymers

Healing of the interfacial surface in deformed polymers

Special features of the structure and properties of surface layers and thin (nanometric) films of glassy polymers

Measurement of the glass transition temperature of amorphous glassy polymers in thin films and thin surface layers

Glass transition temperature of thin films of glassy polymers deposited on solid substrates

The glass transition temperature of free-standing thin films of glassy polymers

Measurement of the glass transition temperature and molecular mobility in surface layers of bulk glassy polymers

Interaction of metal nanoparticles with polymer surfaces

Possible reasons for the decrease of the glass transition temperature in thin films and surface layers of amorphous polymers

Role of surface phenomena in shear yielding of glassy polymers

Thermal ageing of polymer glasses

The main features of the effect of thermal ageing on the properties of glassy polymers

Physical ageing and the structure of glassy polymers

Molecular mechanism of thermal ageing of glassy polymers

Effect of mechanical action on the process of physical ageing of polymer glasses

Properties of glassy polymers subjected to mechanical effects

The spatial inhomogeneity of deformation of polymer glasses

Structure of shear bands formed during deformation of glassy polymers

The nature of structural-mechanical anomalies in the properties of deformed glassy polymers

Role of surface phenomena in the strain softening of glassy and semicrystalline polymers

Strain softening of polymer systems, taking place without the formation of porosity

Strain softening of glassy polymers

Factors causing force softening of glassy polymers during crazing

Strain softening of semicrystalline polymers

Mechanism of strain softening of semicrystalline polymers

Role of surface phenomena in deformation of polymers in active liquid media

What is the adsorption-active medium?

Structural special features of deformation of polymers in adsorption-active media

Crazing in liquid media – manifestation of the Rehbinder effect in polymers

Mechanism of the formation of the unique structure of crazes

Crazing dynamics of polymers in liquid media

Main factors determining the dynamics of crazing of the polymer in the AAM

The multiplicity factor of the number of sites of localised plastic deformation

Relationship of the crazing dynamics of polymers in liquid media with the fine structure of crazes

Crazing mechanism of polymers in liquid media

Delocalized crazing of the polymers in liquid media

The structure and properties of crazed polymers

Structural–mechanical aspects of deformation of crazed polymers

Thermomechanical properties of crazed polymers

Colloidal swelling

Adsorption properties of the crazed polymers

Multiphase nanodispersed systems based on crazed polymers

Interaction of low-molecular substances with the highly developed surface of the crazed polymer

Polymer–polymer nanomixtures based on crazed polymers

Crazing as a method of producing nanosized porosity in polymers

Special features of production of polymer–polymer nanocomposite by polymerisation in situ in a crazed polymer matrix

Direct addition of the second polymer component to the crazed polymer matrix

Instability and self-organisation of polymer surfaces

Special features of the development of interfacial surfaces during the flow of polymer melts and solutions

Loss of stability and dispersion in flow and during phase separation in polymer systems

Inhomogeneous swelling of polymers

Electrodynamic and thermomechanical instability of polymer surfaces

Polymers with thin rigid coatings

Mechanism of the formation of the regular microrelief

Regular fragmentation of the coating

Surface structure formation in polymers with a chemically modified surface

Polymer films with nanometric coatings – ‘rigid coating on a soft substratum’ systems

Evaluation of the structural and mechanical properties of nanometric surface layers

Physical fundamentals of the method for evaluating the stress–strain properties of surface layers and nanometric coatings deposited on polymer films

Modification of polymer surfaces

Evaluation of the stress–strain properties of coatings deposited on polymer surfaces

Evaluation of the stress–strain properties of nanometric aluminium coatings

Evaluation of the stress–strain properties of nanometric coatings based on noble metals

Non-metallic coatings

Natural systems constructed on the basis of the ‘rigid coating on a soft substratum’ principle

Examples of ‘a rigid coating on a soft substratum’ natural systems

The Earth – the typical ‘a rigid coating on the soft substratum’ system

Evaluation of the thickness of the Earth’s crust

Evaluation of the strength and longevity of the Earth’s crust

Perspectives for the practical application of surface phenomena in solid polymers

A new approach to the formation of nanocomposites with a polymer matrix

Production of polymer films and fibres capable of influencing the environment

Technological aspects of polymer modification by crazing

Methods for increasing the efficiency of crazing

Producing the transverse microrelief in polymer fibres and films

Practical application of polymer films with a regular microrelief

About the Authors

A. L. Volynskii is an honorary worker at Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia, and the Correspondent Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow.

N. F. Bakeev is a professor at Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia, and the Full Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013050
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Physical & Theoretical
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science