This volume examines the relationship between privacy, surveillance and security, and the alleged privacy–security trade-off, focusing on the citizen’s perspective.
Recent revelations of mass surveillance programmes clearly demonstrate the ever-increasing capabilities of surveillance technologies. The lack of serious reactions to these activities shows that the political will to implement them appears to be an unbroken trend. The resulting move into a surveillance society is, however, contested for many reasons. Are the resulting infringements of privacy and other human rights compatible with democratic societies? Is security necessarily depending on surveillance? Are there alternative ways to frame security? Is it possible to gain in security by giving up civil liberties, or is it even necessary to do so, and do citizens adopt this trade-off? This volume contributes to a better and deeper understanding of the relation between privacy, surveillance and security, comprising in-depth investigations and studies of the common narrative that more security can only come at the expense of sacrifice of privacy. The book combines theoretical research with a wide range of empirical studies focusing on the citizen’s perspective. It presents empirical research exploring factors and criteria relevant for the assessment of surveillance technologies. The book also deals with the governance of surveillance technologies. New approaches and instruments for the regulation of security technologies and measures are presented, and recommendations for security policies in line with ethics and fundamental rights are discussed.
This book will be of much interest to students of surveillance studies, critical security studies, intelligence studies, EU politics and IR in general.
A PDF version of this book is available for free in open access via www.tandfebooks.com. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 3.0 license.
Table of Contents
Preface: Ethical Experimentations of Security and Surveillance as an Inquiry into the Open Beta Society, Jim Dratwa
Introduction, Johann Čas, Rocco Bellanova, J. Peter Burgess, Michael Friedewald, and Walter Peissl
PART I: Citizens’ Perceptions on Security and Privacy – Empirical Findings
1. Privacy and security – citizens’ desires for an equal footing, Tijs van den Broek, Merel Ooms, Michael Friedewald, Marc van Lieshout and Sven Rung
2. Citizens’ privacy concerns: does national culture matter?, Jelena Budak, Edo Rajh and Vedran Recher
3. The acceptance of new security oriented technologies, a ‘framing’ experiment, Hans Vermeersch and Evelien De Pauw
4. Aligning security and privacy: The case of Deep Packet Inspection, Sara Degli Esposti, Vincenzo Pavone, and Elvira Santiago-Gómez
5. Beyond the Trade-off between Privacy and Security? Organisational Routines and Individual Strategies at the Security Check, Francesca Menichelli
Part II: Emergent Security and Surveillance Systems
6. The deployment of drone technology in border surveillance, between techno-securitization and challenges to privacy and data protection, Luisa Marin
7. Perceptions of videosurveillance in Greece: a "Greek paradox" beyond the trade-off of security and privacy?, Lilian Mitrou, Prokopios Drogkaris and Georgios Leventakis
8. Urban security production between the citizen and the state, Matthias Leese and Peter Bescherer
Part III: Governance of Security and Surveillance Systems
9. Moving away from the security-privacy trade-off: The use of the test of proportionality in decision support, Bernadette Somody, Máté Dániel Szabó and Iván Székely
10. The legal significance of individual choices about privacy and personal data protection, Gloria González Fuster, Serge Gutwirth
11. The manifold significance of citizens’ legal recommendations on privacy, security and surveillance, Maria Grazia Porcedda
12. The importance of social and political context in explaining citizens’ attitudes towards electronic surveillance and political participation, Dimitris Tsapogas
13. In Quest of Reflexivity: Towards an Anticipatory Governance Regime for Security, Georgios Kolliarakis
14. A game of hide and seek? – Unscrambling the trade-off between privacy and security, Stefan Strauß
Michael Friedewald is Senior Research Fellow at the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI, Karlsruhe, Germany.
J. Peter Burgess is Professor and Chair in Geopolitics of Risk at the École Normale Supérieure, Paris, and Adjunct Professor at the Centre for Advanced Security Theory (CAST), University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Johann Čas is Senior Researcher at the Institute of Technology Assessment, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria.
Rocco Bellanova is Senior Researcher at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) and Visiting Lecturer at the Université Saint-Louis – Brussels (USL-B).
Walter Peissl is Deputy Director of the Institute of Technology Assessment, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria.