The object of this book is to enable archaeologists, even without relevant training, to deal with any problem in surveying. The book is arranged by technique for ease of reference. Thus one part is devoted to Chain Surveying, which has evolved over centuries into the simplest and quickest way of making accurate plans for most types of site; but methods of reconnaissance and of rough survey are also described. Since instrumental work is sometimes necessary, details are given of the construction and use of the Level and of the Theodolite and Tacheometer. Simple but accurate methods – those not requiring a computer – are described for plotting from oblique aerial photographs. Fully worked examples are given of all relevant calculations, with alternatives according to whether logarithms or an electronic calculator are available.
Table of Contents
Preface Part 1: Introduction 1. General Discussion 2. The Basic Principles Part 2: Chain Surveying 3. Equipment 4. The Elements of Chain Survey 5. An Imaginary Survet 6. Plotting and Finishing the Plan 7. Problems and Precautions 8. Single-handed Chain Surveying Part 3: The Level 9. The Level: General Description 10. The Level: Observation and Booking 11. The Level: Applications Part 4: The Theodolite or Tacheometer 12. The Theodolite: Essential Details 13. The Theodolite: Observation and Booking 14. Tacheometry 15. Setting Out a Rectangle Part 5: Numerical and Semi-graphical Methods 16. Introduction and Basic Formulae 17. Applications, Including Semi-graphical Methods 18. Miscellaneous Calculation 19. The Traverse 20. The Polygonal Network Part 6: Miscellaneous Techniques 21. Plotting from Oblique Aerial Photographs 22. Other Applications of Photography 23. The Plane Table 24. Underground Surveying Part 7: Reconnaissance and Rough Surveys 25. The Ordnance Survey and Reconnaissance 26. Rough Surveys Part 8: Recapitulation 27. Excavation 28. Part-time Fieldwork. Appendices