Sustainability in Engineering Design and Construction: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Sustainability in Engineering Design and Construction

1st Edition

By J. K. Yates, Daniel Castro-Lacouture

CRC Press

426 pages | 73 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2015-09-25
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Description

Successfully Measure the Benefits of Green Design and Construction

Sustainability in Engineering Design and Construction outlines the sustainable practices used in engineering design and construction operations for all types of engineering and construction projects. Aimed at ushering the engineering and construction industry into embracing sustainable practices and green construction techniques, this book addresses sustainability in engineering design and construction operations from a historical and global perspective, and delves into specific sustainability concepts and processes.

The book explains the concepts of sustainable development, corporate social responsibility (CSR), the Dow Jones Global Sustainability Index (DJGSI), key performance indicators (KPIs), corporate sustainability, and the triple bottom line (economic, environmental, and social values in design and construction). Relevant to sustainability in every facet of engineering and construction, it also covers life-cycle environmental cost analysis, discusses sustainable engineering and site selection, the economic considerations evaluated when making sustainability decisions, and explains how to measure and quantify sustainable performance and apply these practices in the real world. It also covers project and corporate level sustainability practices, sustainable construction materials and processes, sustainable heavy construction equipment, traditional and alternative energy sources, provides implementation resources for starting and evaluating sustainability programs, and includes a checklist for measuring the sustainability of construction operations.

The text contains detailed information on sustainable construction materials and processes, heavy construction equipment, and traditional and alternative energy sources. It presents information on sustainable designs, selecting sustainable sites, designing for passive survivability, designing for disassembly, and the ISO 14,000 standards. It provides implementation resources for starting and evaluating sustainability programs and a checklist for measuring the sustainability of construction operations In addition, it provides definitions of sustainability terms and expressions, as well as case studies, examples, discussion questions, and a list of supplemental references at the end of each chapter.

This book provides information on:

  • Definitions for sustainability terms
  • Sources for locating global sustainability requirements
  • Current sustainability issues
  • Environmental laws related to sustainability and their implications
  • Sustainable design
  • Life-cycle cost assessment models
  • Sustainable practices currently being used in the engineering and construction (E&C) industry
  • Corporate-level sustainability practices
  • Project-level sustainability practices
  • Global sustainability trends and implications
  • Sustainable materials
  • Sustainable heavy construction equipment
  • Traditional and alternative energy sources
  • LEED Green Building Rating System
  • Sustainability organizations and certification programs
  • Sustainability implementation resources
  • A summary of sustainable engineering design and construction

Reviews

"This text is a must have for anyone who wants to do more than just simulate sustainability, but prefers to be a true sustainable constructor. Incredibly exhaustive and thorough, yet presented in a very straightforward manner… lends insight into the many sustainable opportunities that a constructor will encounter during the construction process and offers guidance toward how to make sustainable decisions."

—David W. Martin, Central Washington University, Ellensburg, USA

"… one of the most thorough and comprehensive books on the subject of sustainability in the engineering and construction industry. Sustainability must be viewed in a holistic way, and this book is the first I have seen that truly covers the breadth of our complex and evolving industry."

—Bill Morrison, Vice President, Skanska USA Inc., New York, USA

Table of Contents

Introduction

Importance of Understanding Sustainability in Engineering Design and Construction Operations

Sustainable Development

Corporate Social Responsibility

Triple Bottom Line

Sustainability In Engineering And Construction Operations

Implementing Sustainable Practices during Engineering And Construction Projects

Definitions

Sustainability Research in Engineering Design and Construction Operations

Organization of This Book

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

References

Sources of Information on Sustainability Requirements

Sustainability Requirements

Early Adopters of Government Sustainability Objectives

Drivers for Implementing Sustainable Development Practices

Barriers to Implementing Sustainable Practices and Liability Issues

Sustainability in the Building Sector

Sustainability in the Construction Sector

Pollution and Waste Management

Global Environmental Treaties

Foreign Government Environmental Regulations

Domestic Environmental Regulations

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

References

Sustainability Issues in the Engineering and Construction Industry

Obstacles to the Implementation of Sustainable Development Practices

Sustainability Global Reporting Initiatives

Social and Community Impacts of Construction Projects

Global Impacts Caused by Construction Projects

Responsible Supply Chains and Procurement Practices

Resource Efficiency: Reducing Energy Consumption during Construction

Renewable Energy

Mining Industry

Oil and Gas Industry

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

References

Sustainable Engineering Design

Introduction

Design Elements That Enhance Sustainability

Selecting Sustainable Sites

Sustainable Landscapes

Storm Water Management

Evaluating Sustainable Process Alternatives

Designing For the Use of Sustainable Materials

Principles and Strategies of Designing for Disassembly

Environmental Impact of Production Operations for Construction Materials

International Organization for Standardization 14,000 Environmental Management Standards

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

References

Environmental Laws and Their Implications

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

Kyoto Protocol

Clean Development Mechanism, Joint Implementation Practices, Carbon Sinks, and Emission Credits

Basel Convention

Rio Declaration

Stockholm Convention

Global Environmental Compliance

Global Environmental Management Standards

United States Environmental Protection Agency Laws

Federal Laws of Concern to Engineers and Constructors

Foreign Government Environmental Laws

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

References

Life-Cycle Cost Assessment Models

Economic Considerations

Computer Software for Sustainability Assessment

Life-Cycle Assessment Processes

Emissions during the Transportation of Construction Materials

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

References

Sustainable Practices in the Engineering and Construction Industry

Procedures Implemented Related To Sustainable Development

Examples of Sustainability Considerations Included In Life-Cycle Analysis

When Sustainability Social Issues Are Evaluated and How They Are Evaluated

Government Regulations Related To Sustainability Practices Being Implemented On Construction Projects

Economic Benefits of Implementing Sustainable Practices

Techniques for Measuring the Benefits of Using Sustainable Practices

Methods for Measuring Sustainability Metrics

Social, Reputation, Or Economic Benefits of Using Sustainable Practices

Social Conditions Addressed During Construction Projects

Structured Approaches Used To Include Sustainability Considerations during Design

Designs, Construction Components, or Practices That Include Sustainable Components

Engineering Design Practices That Incorporate Sustainable Practices

Sustainable Materials Considered During the Design Stage

Technologies for Reducing Energy Consumption on Projects

Techniques for Reducing Pollution during Construction

Processes for Recycling Waste at the End of Construction

Processes for Reselling or Reusing Material By-Products

Levels of Recycling or Reusing Materials Compared To Projects before Sustainability

Techniques for Improving Resource Efficiency

Criteria for Prequalifying Vendors and Suppliers

Renewable Energy Sources for Construction Projects

Techniques for Reducing Waste during Construction

Mobilization and Demobilization Processes That Include Sustainable Practices

Top Five Sustainability Considerations

An Example of Six Sustainable Development Procedures

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

References

Corporate-Level Sustainability Practices

Sustainability Considerations Related To Design

Considerations Due To Regulations Compliance or Beyond Compliance

Sustainability Issues Considered In Project Expected Life Cycle

Sustainability Social Issues Evaluated Impacting the Completion of Projects

Structured Approaches to Evaluating Sustainable Design and Material Alternatives

Potential Barriers to Implementing Construction Sustainability Programs

Drivers to the Implementation of Sustainable Development Practices

Firms Following Sustainability Guidelines Provided By Owners

Firms Participating In Corporate Global Reporting Initiatives

Firms Belonging To the Dow Jones Sustainability Index

Firms That Are ISO 14,000 Certified

Social, Reputation, And Economic Benefits to Contractors of Using Sustainable Practices

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

References

Project-Level Sustainability Initiatives

Economic Benefits from Project-Level Sustainable Practices

Addressing Project-Level Waste

Sustainable Resource Efficiency

Innovative Sustainable Design and Construction Components Or Construction Practices Integrated Into Projects

Supply Chain Management

Using Sustainable Government Regulations

Project-Level Renewable Energy

Project-Level Pollution Reduction

Mobilization and Demobilization, Sustainable Project Execution Plans, and Sustainable Practices in Constructability

Reviews

Project-Level Sustainability Metrics

Site Project Planning

Air Quality during Construction

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

References

Global Sustainability Trends and Implications

Sustainability Issues in the People’s Republic of China

Sustainability Issues in India

Sustainability Issues in Germany

Sustainability Issues in South Korea

Sustainability Issues in Great Britain

Sustainability Issues in the United States

Samples of Environmental Degradation Mitigation Strategies

Quantification of Sustainable Value in Construction

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

References

Sustainable Construction Materials

Painting Products

Steel Production

Cement and Concrete

Masonry Products

Asphalt Pavement

Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composite Materials

Wood Products

Polyvinyl Chloride and Thermoplastic Products

Mining, Mineral, and Metal Products

Unconventional Building Products

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

References

Sustainable Heavy Construction Equipment

Heavy Construction Equipment Tires

Heavy Construction Equipment Emissions

Biodiesel Fuel

Environmental Protection Agency Tier Four Final Standards

Engine Repowering and Engine Upgrades

Remanufacturing and Rebuilding Heavy Construction Equipment

Other Technological Advances in Heavy Construction Equipment

Hybrid-Electric Heavy Construction Equipment

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

References

Traditional and Alternative Energy Sources

Petrochemical Products

Nuclear Power

Coal-Fired Power Plants

Hydropower Energy Generation

Alternative Energy

Combined Heat and Power Technology

Solar Power and Photovoltaic Cells

Osmotic Energy

Wind Energy

Biomass Energy

Geothermal Energy

Fuel Cells

Tidal, Wave, And Other Energy Sources from the Sea

Heated and Chilled Beams

Photovoltaic Louvers

Energy Efficiency Standards

Energy Auditing

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

References

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Green Building Rating System

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Certification

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Categories for Building Design and Construction

Additional Cost of Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Certification

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design–Accredited Professional and Registering With the US Green Building Council

Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Certification Checklist for New Construction and Major Renovations

Benefits of Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Certification

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

References

Sustainability Organizations and Certification Programs

International Green Construction Code

NSI/ASHRAE/IES/USGBC Standard 189.1–2014, Standard for the Design of High-Performance Green Buildings

Building Resource Energy and Environmental Assessment Model

US Department Of Energy–Department of Engineering Building Technology Program

Los Alamos National Laboratory Sustainable Design Guide

Green Advantage

Chartered Institute Of Building’s Sustainability and the Construction Industry in the United Kingdom

Environmental Protection Agency–Environmental Performance of Building Guidelines

Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat

GreenRoads Evaluation Project

Sustainable Sites Initiative Guidelines and Performance Benchmark

Building For Environmental and Economic Sustainability (BEES Stars)

Green Star Rating System

Green Globes

Green Guide to Specifications

British Standards Institute BES 6001, Responsible Sourcing Of Construction Materials

Forest Stewardship Council

Design Quality Indicator

Civil Engineering Environmental Quality Assessment and Award Scheme

Comprehensive Assessment System for Building Environmental Efficiency

World Green Building Council

United Nations Environment Program

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

References

Sustainability Implementation Resources

Sustainability Quick Start Guide

Sustainability Maturity Models

Construction Metric for Assessing Sustainability

Checklist for Evaluating The Sustainability Of Construction Jobsite Operations

Sustainability Project Execution Plans

Summary

Key Terms

Discussion Questions

References

Sustainability in Engineering Design and Construction Summary

Conclusions

Recommendations for Further Research

Summary

Appendices

About the Authors

J. K. Yates, PhD, BSCE, is a civil and construction engineering consultant, emeritus professor, and former dean, as well as having been the associate editor of the Project Management Institute's (PMI) Project Management Journal for 10 years. Dr. Yates has extensive hands-on experience working both domestically and globally for companies such as Bechtel, Williams Companies, CH2M Hill, and URS (formerly Morrison-Knudsen). A former member of the American Society of Civil Engineers, PMI, and the American Association of Cost Engineers International, Dr. Yates has written and had published eight books and over 50 refereed journal articles on civil and construction engineering, project management, and international engineering and construction.

Daniel Castro-Lacouture, Ph.D, PE, is a professor and chair of the School of Building Construction, in the College of Architecture at Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta. His overall area of interest consists of defining and deploying evaluation protocols for technology innovations in the built environment, focusing on areas affecting the built environment from both operational and sustainability perspectives. Dr. Castro-Lacouture is a registered professional engineer, associate editor of Automation in Construction, and member of the International Green Builder Certification Board. He was chair of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) 2014 Construction Research Congress, and has worked in construction engineering and management in both the public and private sectors.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NAT011000
NATURE / Environmental Conservation & Protection
TEC005000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Construction / General
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General