Global economic growth, recently fuelled by Asia’s emerging economies, has greatly accelerated the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere and boosted demand for scarce natural resources, including energy, food and mineral raw materials. These developments are pushing the planet close to its ecological boundaries.
Transforming the world economy towards sustainability, while ensuring decent levels of resource use for all global citizens, is the greatest challenge of our time. This book explores how innovation systems need to be adapted to successfully confront these challenges. The first chapter introduces the concept of sustainability-oriented innovation systems which highlights the systematic differences between systems that have developed along current resource-intensive technological trajectories and those that address the impending environmental mega-problems. The subsequent articles present case studies of sustainability-oriented innovations in a number of policy areas, including energy efficiency, electric mobility and generation of renewable energy, in China and India. These case studies confirm the specificities of innovation systems geared towards a green techno-economic paradigm.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Innovation and Development.
Table of Contents
Preface 1. Introduction 2. Sustainability-oriented innovation systems – managing the green transformation 3. Technology transfer? The rise of China and India in green technology sectors 4. Innovating for energy efficiency: a perspective from India 5. Sustainability-oriented innovation in the automobile industry: advancing electromobility in China, France, Germany and India 6. Different routes to technology acquisition and innovation system building? China’s and India’s wind turbine industries 7. Key actors and their motives for wind energy innovation in China 8. Challenges of low carbon technology diffusion: insights from shifts in China’s photovoltaic industry development
Tilman Altenburg is an economic geographer and Head of the Sustainable Economic and Social Development Department at the German Development Institute, Germany. Since 1986 he has carried out empirical research and published books and journal articles on issues of competitiveness, industrial and innovation policy, SME promotion and value chain development.