1st Edition

Sustainable Development in India Groundwater Irrigation, Energy Use, and Food Production

Edited By Koichi Fujita, Tsukasa Mizushima Copyright 2021
    270 Pages
    by Routledge

    270 Pages
    by Routledge

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    This book explores and interrogates the food–water–energy nexus, arguably the most crucial factor in sustaining India’s economic development.

    The book sheds light on different experiences faced in states across India, including the consequences of electricity tariff reforms and related policies on irrigated agriculture. Part 1 focuses on the historical development of agriculture and social change in India, with special reference to the mode of responses and adaptations in social systems against the inherent low and erratic rainfall and resulting water stress in India during the pre-colonial period. Additionally, it investigates how colonial development destroyed social systems and discusses future development prospects. Part 2 discusses contemporary issues of agriculture and social change in India.

    A comprehensive examination of various important issues related to South Asian agricultural development in the past and in the present, this book will be a valuable reference for researchers of Asian development, sustainable development, environmental policy, South Asian Studies and Development Studies.


    The Open Access version of this book, available at http://www.taylorfrancis.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

    1. Introduction

    Koichi Fujita and Tsukasa Mizushima

    Part I Land, Water, and Population in the Past and Future

    2. Land Development and Demographic Change in Tamil Nadu from the Late Eighteenth to the Early Twentieth Century

    Tsukasa Mizushima

    3. From Sharing Risks to Taking Risks: System of Entitlements and its Fragmentation in Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Orissa

    Akio Tanabe

    4. Bengal Agrarian Society during late Colonial Rule: The Development of the Sundarbans

    Shinkichi Taniguchi

    5. Sustaining Tank Irrigation in South India through Time-Tested Measures

    Palanisami, Kuppanan and T. Mohanasundari

    6. Ahar: A Traditional Irrigation System in Southern Bihar

    Tetsuo Satoh

    Part II Regional Path Dependencies and Policy Orientations for Sustainability

    7. Overview of the Food-Water-Energy Nexus in India and South Asia

    Koichi Fujita and Atsushi Fukumi

    8. Challenges of Growth and Sustainability: Agriculture in Indian Punjab

    Kamal Vatta and Parisha Budhiraja

    9. Nitrogen Cycle and Fertilizer Subsidy in India

    Ippei Sekido

    10. Sustainability of Groundwater-Irrigated Agriculture in India: Case Studies of Punjab and Tamil Nadu

    Takahiro Sato

    11. Farm Power Policies and Groundwater Markets: Contrasting Gujarat with West Bengal (1990–2015)

    Tushaar Shah and Sujata Das Chowdhury


    Koichi Fujita is Professor of Economics at the Center for Southeast Asian Studies at Kyoto University, Japan.

    Tsukasa Mizushima is Professor Emeritus at The University of Tokyo, Japan.