Sustainable Development in India : Groundwater Irrigation, Energy Use, and Food Production book cover
1st Edition

Sustainable Development in India
Groundwater Irrigation, Energy Use, and Food Production

ISBN 9780367547301
Published August 1, 2022 by Routledge
270 Pages

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Book Description

This book explores and interrogates the food–water–energy nexus, arguably the most crucial factor in sustaining India’s economic development.

The book sheds light on different experiences faced in states across India, including the consequences of electricity tariff reforms and related policies on irrigated agriculture. Part 1 focuses on the historical development of agriculture and social change in India, with special reference to the mode of responses and adaptations in social systems against the inherent low and erratic rainfall and resulting water stress in India during the pre-colonial period. Additionally, it investigates how colonial development destroyed social systems and discusses future development prospects. Part 2 discusses contemporary issues of agriculture and social change in India.

A comprehensive examination of various important issues related to South Asian agricultural development in the past and in the present, this book will be a valuable reference for researchers of Asian development, sustainable development, environmental policy, South Asian Studies and Development Studies.


The Open Access version of this book, available at, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

Koichi Fujita and Tsukasa Mizushima

Part I Land, Water, and Population in the Past and Future

2. Land Development and Demographic Change in Tamil Nadu from the Late Eighteenth to the Early Twentieth Century

Tsukasa Mizushima

3. From Sharing Risks to Taking Risks: System of Entitlements and its Fragmentation in Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Orissa

Akio Tanabe

4. Bengal Agrarian Society during late Colonial Rule: The Development of the Sundarbans

Shinkichi Taniguchi

5. Sustaining Tank Irrigation in South India through Time-Tested Measures

Palanisami, Kuppanan and T. Mohanasundari

6. Ahar: A Traditional Irrigation System in Southern Bihar

Tetsuo Satoh

Part II Regional Path Dependencies and Policy Orientations for Sustainability

7. Overview of the Food-Water-Energy Nexus in India and South Asia

Koichi Fujita and Atsushi Fukumi

8. Challenges of Growth and Sustainability: Agriculture in Indian Punjab

Kamal Vatta and Parisha Budhiraja

9. Nitrogen Cycle and Fertilizer Subsidy in India

Ippei Sekido

10. Sustainability of Groundwater-Irrigated Agriculture in India: Case Studies of Punjab and Tamil Nadu

Takahiro Sato

11. Farm Power Policies and Groundwater Markets: Contrasting Gujarat with West Bengal (1990–2015)

Tushaar Shah and Sujata Das Chowdhury

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Koichi Fujita is Professor of Economics at the Center for Southeast Asian Studies at Kyoto University, Japan.

Tsukasa Mizushima is Professor Emeritus at The University of Tokyo, Japan.