Sustainable Regeneration of Former Military Sites is the first book to analyze a profound land use change happening all over the world: the search for sustainable futures for property formerly dedicated to national defense now becoming redundant, disposed of and redeveloped. The new military necessity for rapid flexible response requires quite different physical resources from the massive fixed positions of the Cold War, with huge tracts of land and buildings looking for new uses.
The transition from military to civilian life for these complex, contaminated, isolated, heritage laden and often contested sites in locations ranging from urban to remote is far from easy. There is very little systematic analysis of what follows base closures, leaving communities, governments, developers, and planners experimenting with untested land use configurations, partnership structures, and financing strategies.
With twelve case studies drawn from different countries, many written by those involved, Sustainable Regeneration of Former Military Sites enables the diverse stakeholders in these projects to discover unique opportunities for reuse and learn from others’ experiences of successful regeneration.
Bagaeen and Clark present a unique collection of state-of-the-art case studies on the regeneration and re-use of military brownfields. This book explores practices from around the world to provide rich and new insights into how to transform sites once used for military purposes into new, and often innovative civilian uses. It usefully provides insights in to how to do this, set within wider understandings of the processes that bring about the redundancy of defence lands.
Gordon Dabinett, University of Sheffield
This book offers fascinating insights into the challenges and opportunities involved in transforming redundant military sites into beneficial new uses. Rich comparative evidence from across the world ensures that the book will make an important contribution to the brownfield literature.
David Adams, Ian Mactaggart Chair of Property and Urban Studies, University of Glasgow
Opportunities to reuse former defense estate, arising from a local peace dividend or a geopolitical shift, are often eagerly grasped by the public and private sectors. Former airfields, old barrack sites, and even large naval bases have been brought back to life through local or national regeneration efforts. In that way, demand for housing or new employment may be met through successful redevelopment. This new volume by Bagaeen and Clark brings together a collection of reviews and case studies examining the sustainable regeneration of military brownfields, written by researchers and by practitioners. It shines a light on the contexts in which reuse happens and the challenges it faces, drawing out crucial lessons for future practice.
Nick Gallent, Head of the Bartlett School of Planning, University College London
As the geopolitical world and military strategies of nations change, so the physical remnants of defense are left behind. Military and defense sites are littered across countries, lying idle but serving as assets that can be drawn upon to contribute to ongoing development and infrastructure needs. This volume provides a very welcome contribution to the study and practise of military and defense base regeneration across the globe. Written by internationally renowned scholars, the book sets out some key challenges and opportunities that academics and practitioners can learn from.
Mark Tewdwr-Jones, Newcastle University
1. Framing military brownfields as a catalyst for urban regeneration –Samer Bagaeen
2. From Crown to commons? A UK perspective –Julian Dobson
3. Democracy, military bases, and marshmallows –Connor Ryan
4. Make art not war: Defence sites find new life as centres of creativity –Celia Clark
5. A parable: The emergence of ruderal ‘communities’ on former military bases in the UK–Fen B. Kipley
6. Communities old and new: Military brownfields and the Aldershot Urban Extension –Robert Adam
7. Twelve miles, eighteen years, and worlds apart: The cases of the Philadelphia Navy Yard and the Frankford Arsenal –Christopher A. Preble
8. Military sites conservation and regeneration in Taiwan –Yi-Jen Tseng
9. Military brownfields in the Netherlands: The revitalizations of the New Dutch Waterline (1980-2014) –Gerdy A. Verschuure-Stuip
10. The Regeneration of disused military airfields in China –Tang Yan and Yang Dong
11. Redeveloping Naval Air Station Brunswick: From a navy base to a great new place! –Steven Levesque
12. The Brooklyn Navy Yard revived: A defense conversion case study in the United States –Christopher A. Preble and Celia Clark
13. Conclusion: Diversity in the transformation of defense sites to new civilian life –Celia Clark
The Routledge Research in Planning and Urban Design series provides the reader with the latest scholarship in the field of planning and beyond. The series publishes international research covering spatial planning, regional planning, planning history, planning theory, communities, impact assessment, transport, sustainability and urban design. Building on Routledge’s history of academic rigor and cutting edge research, the series will contribute to the rapidly expanding literature in all areas of planning and urban design.