This volume shines a light on Sustainable Community Movement Organizations (SCMOs), an emergent wave of non-hierarchical, community-based socio-economic movements, with alternative forms of consumption and production very much at their core.
Extending beyond traditional ideas of cooperatives and mutualities, the essays in this collection explore new geographies of solidarity practices ranging from forms of horizontal democracy to interurban and transnational networks. The authors uniquely frame these movements within the Deleuzian concept of the ‘rhizome’, as a meshwork of alternative spaces, paths and trajectories. This connectivity is illustrated in case studies from around the world, ranging from protest movements in response to austerity measures in Southern Europe, to the Buen Vivir movement in the Andes, and Rotating Savings and Credit Associations (ROSCAs) in the Caribbean and Canada. Positioning these cases in relation to current theoretical debates on Social Solidarity Economy, the authors specifically address the question of the persistence and the durability of the organizing practices in community economies.
This book will be a valuable tool for academics and students of sustainable consumption, environmental policy, social policy, environmental economics, environmental management and sustainability studies more broadly.
Table of Contents
List of Contributors
1. Introduction: Sustainable Solidarity Economies: Rhizomatic Practices for Another World
Richard R. Weiner and Francesca Forno
2. Sustainable Community Movement Organizations (SCMOs): Reinvigorating Cooperatives and Mutualités via Post-Capitalistic Practices
Francesca Forno and Paolo R. Graziano
3. Operationalizing SCMO as a Social-Economic Concept: The Case of Post 2008 Spain
Richard R. Weiner and Iván López
4. The Making of a New Commons in Southern Europe: Afterlives of the Movements of the Squares Angelos Varvarousis, Viviana Asara, and Bengi Akbulet
5. Shopping for a Sustainable Future: The Promises of a Collectively Planned Consumption
Alice Dal Gobbo and Francesca Forno
6. Black Diaspora Women Lead Cooperative Banks
Caroline Shenaz Hossein
7. Rondas Campesinas and Defense Fronts: The Environmental Justice Movement Confronting Extractivist Policies in Peru.
Francesca Forno, Department of Sociology and Social Research at University of Trento, Italy.
Richard R. Weiner, Department of Political Science at Rhode Island College, USA / Minda de Gunzburg Center for European Studies at Harvard University, USA.
"What timing! Existing political and economic institutions are under great pressure, marked by crises of disaffection and incapacity. Building on strong empirical foundations, this imaginative and often audacious volume searches for alternatives with identifiable hallmarks -- social organization from below, fresh forms of political participation, and the flexibility of networks. The moment demands attention to these analyses and initiatives." -- Ira Katznelson, Ruggles Professor of Political Science and History at Columbia University, USA
"This volume is a welcome and important collection of thought-provoking articles on the vital role that ‘alternative’ and diverse economies play in creating space and hope. The collection weaves together rigorous theory and a rich variety of detailed case studies; together they tell a story of socio-economic and environmental justice that extends our understanding of organizational forms and values. The book is an empirically grounded call for us to look way beyond capitalism to create a better present and future." -- Ann Armstrong, Director of Social Enterprise Initiative, Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto, Canada
"The growing critique of the current and insufficient model of development has materialized in a number of local self-organized initiatives that inter-connect ecology, economy, and culture with the aim to promote well-being. This book helps us to understand concrete examples in which practices of consumption and production have been re-embedded in a sustainable and solidarity approach, as an alternative to the (un)limitations of the liberal market economy institutions. Most importantly it stimulates the reader to immerse in collective efforts that point towards possible future(s)." -- Carlos Alberto Cioce Sampaio and Ana Paula Debastiani, Researchers of the Ecosocioeconomy Core, Universidade Federal do Paraná (UFPR), Brazil
"This book synthesizes a wide range of literature on sustainability, social-economics, and political sociology, as it clarifies new forms of life. It specifically focuses on practices of commoning and renewed social equity in urban and interurban meshworks of a solidarity economy, in the Global North and the Global South. Presented in a compact package of grounded case studies, this anthology responds in an accessible and engaging approach to the question, ‘How can we democratize economies?’" -- José-Manuel Martinez Sierra, Jean Monnet ad personam Professor European Law and Government, Harvard University, USA
"This volume delivers an innovative approach to the sociology of social movements through a collection of transnational analyses of Sustainable Community Movement Organisations (SCMOs). The editors’ joint expertise has brought together scholars who explore such grassroots movements across different issues and geographies. Through a rich theoretical framework and situated case studies, the volume illuminates solidarity initiatives who mobilise on shared social and environmental justice concerns to struggle for alternative knowledge and alternative economies." -- Eleftheria Lekakis, Senior Lecturer in Media and Communications, School of Media, Film and Music, University of Sussex, UK