Synergic Influence of Gaseous, Particulate, and Biological Pollutants on Human Health is a unique merger of two divergent parts. The first part is a presentation of the existing knowledge on the characteristics of basic air pollutants and their documented impact on human health. The focus is on the main gaseous, airborne particles (including fiber particles) and biological pollutants. The first part is a literature review conducted by the authors who are actively engaged in studying the described pollutants. The second part contains a study of methods used for the evaluation and prognosis of health effects to exposure to particular pollutants.
Most of the chapters of this book go beyond the well-documented, solid facts and contain the authors' own evaluation of the utility and limitations of particular methods, as well as their suggestions for further studies. The reader who manages to wade through this part is sure to understand that the main drawback of the described methods is the impossibility to precisely assess the health effects of exposure to the combination of a few/many air pollutants, while one of the biggest problems is the effect of synergy. The last chapters of the book focus on the attempts to consider the effect of synergy and the analysis of the tedious work of many researchers to construct the tools enabling, to some extent, the prognosis of the health effects of simultaneous exposure to many air pollutants.
The book also reveals the synergism of pollutants and social problems, reinforcing the adverse health effect of the population living not only in highly industrialized areas, but also in postindustrial areas. According to the authors, the construction of suitable tools which would at least partially allow for the evaluation of the collective impact of social factors and the conglomerate of the air pollutants on health of particular communities constitutes a great challenge and may inspire t
Foreword. Introduction. PART 1. Air pollutants and their adverse health effects. Environmental characteristics of gaseous pollutants and related adverse health effects. Atmospheric aerosol particles. PAH and heavy metals in ambient particulate matter: A review of up-to-date worldwide data. Adverse health effects of the exposure to the spherical aerosol particles, including ultra-fine particles. Fibers: their characteristics and health implications. Fungi, bacteria and other biopollutants. Health effects of fungi, bacteria and other bioparticles. PART 2. Study design to receive the information about the influence of air pollutants on the human health. Short introduction to inhalation exposure methodology. Introduction to environmental epidemiology. Epidemiological methods used to receive the information about the influence of air pollution on the human health. The dose-effect and/or dose-risk relationships as the tools for the quantitative description of the adverse health effects of the inhaled pollutants: Chances and limitations. PART 3. Synergic effects. Analysis of the known synergic effects of the exposure to the selected air pollutants. Socio-economic determinants and population health in the context of environmental risk exposure. Summary: documented facts, hypothesis, speculations and final conclusions.