1st Edition

Synthesis, Design, and Resource Optimization in Batch Chemical Plants

Edited By Thokozani Majozi, Esmael Reshid Seid, Jui-Yuan Lee Copyright 2015
    450 Pages
    by CRC Press

    450 Pages 136 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    The manner in which time is captured forms the foundation for synthesis, design, and optimization in batch chemical plants. However, there are still serious challenges with handling time in batch plants.

    Most techniques tend to assume either a fixed time dimension or adopt time average models to tame the time dimension, thereby simplifying the resultant mathematical models. A direct consequence of this simplification is a suboptimal process. Synthesis, Design, and Resource Optimization in Batch Chemical Plants aims to close this scientific gap.

    Presenting state-of-the art models for the scheduling, synthesis, design, and resource optimization of batch chemical processes, this cutting-edge text:

    • Describes different ways to represent and capture time in the optimal allocation of tasks to various units with the objective of maximizing throughput or minimizing makespan
    • Covers synthesis and design where the objective is mainly to yield a chemical facility, which satisfies all the targets with minimum capital cost investment
    • Deals with resource conservation aspects in batch plants, where water and energy take the center stage

    Synthesis, Design, and Resource Optimization in Batch Chemical Plants offers a comprehensive discussion of scheduling techniques, continuous-time formulations, and the synthesis and design of chemical plants that optimally utilize water and energy resources.


    Introduction to Batch Chemical Processes; Thokozani Majozi, Esmael R. Seid, and Jui-Yuan Lee

    Effective Technique for Scheduling in Multipurpose Batch Plants; Esmael R. Seid, Jui-Yuan Lee, and Thokozani Majozi

    Short-Term Scheduling of Multipurpose Pipeless Plants; Munawar A. Shaik

    Evolution of Unit-Specific Event-Based Models in Batch Process Scheduling; Munawar A. Shaik

    Planning and Scheduling in the Biopharmaceutical Industry: An Overview; Miguel Vieira, Tânia Pinto-Varela, and Ana Paula Barbosa-Póvoa

    Design and Synthesis

    Design and Synthesis of Multipurpose Batch Plants; Esmael R. Seid, Jui-Yuan Lee, and Thokozani Majozi

    Process Synthesis Approaches for Enhancing Sustainability of Batch Process Plants; Iskandar Halim and Rajagopalan Srinivasan

    A Mixed-Integer Linear Programming Model for Optimal Synthesis of Polygeneration Systems with Material and Energy Storage for Cyclic Loads; Kathleen B. Aviso, Aristotle T. Ubando, Alvin B. Culaba, Joel L. Cuello, Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi, and Raymond R. Tan

    Scheduling and Design of Multipurpose Batch Facilities: Periodic versus Nonperiodic Operation Mode through a Multi-Objective Approach; Tânia Pinto-Varela

    Resource Conservation

    Flexibility Analyses and Their Applications in Solar-Driven Membrane Distillation Desalination System Designs; Vincentius Surya Kurnia Adi and Chuei-Tin Chang

    Automated Targeting Model for Batch Process Integration; Dominic Chwan Yee Foo

    Integration of Batch Process Schedules and Water Allocation Network; Xiong Zou, Yi Zhang, and Hong-Guang Dong

    Synthesis of Water Networks with Mixed Batch and Continuous Process Units; Jui-Yuan Lee and Cheng-Liang Chen

    Water Conservation in Fixed Scheduled Batch Processes; Nitin Dutt Chaturvedi and Santanu Bandyopadhyay

    Simultaneous Optimization of Energy and Water Use in Multipurpose Batch Plants; Esmael R. Seid, Jui-Yuan Lee, and Thokozani Majozi

    Retrofit of Industrial Water Network with Mixed Batch and Semicontinuous Processes: Economic versus Environmental Impact; Hella Tokos


    Thokozani Majozi is a full professor in the School of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, where he also holds an NRF/DST chair in sustainable process engineering. He was previously an associate professor at the University of Pannonia, Veszprém, Hungary. Highly decorated and widely published, he holds a Ph.D from the University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, UK, and is a member of the Academy of Sciences and a fellow of the Academy of Engineering, both of South Africa.

    Esmael Reshid Seid obtained his B.Sc in chemical engineering from Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia. He worked in the process industry for three years before joining the University of Pretoria, South Africa, where he obtained his M.Sc.Eng and Ph.D in chemical engineering. Dr. Seid has had several publications on design, synthesis, scheduling, and resource conservation, with particular emphasis on water and energy for multipurpose batch plants, featured in international refereed journals.

    Jui-Yuan Lee is an assistant professor in the Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology at the National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan. He received his B.Sc from National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan, and his Ph.D from National Taiwan University (NTU). He spent two and a half more years at NTU doing postdoctoral research, before joining the School of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, where he stayed eight months as a postdoctoral fellow. Widely published, Dr. Lee focuses his research on process integration for energy savings and waste reduction using mathematical programming.

    "… deals with a very important element—water. … covers desalination, water networks, and water conservation. … treats water as part of the operational and design optimization, which is not the case in most contributions."
    —Iiro Harjunkoski, ABB Corporate Research, Frankfurt, Germany

    "… combines theoretical topics—for instance, a new technique for scheduling of multipurpose batch plants, which is at the early stages of development and is applied to small-size examples—with more applied ones, like the challenges of planning and scheduling in the biopharmaceutical industry. … draws the attention of the reader and makes him/her interested in the field of batch plants."
    —Gabriela P. Henning, INTEC (Universidad Nacional del Litoral – CONICET), Santa Fe, Argentina

    "The topics selected by the authors are of importance for researchers and specialists who are interested in the design and synthesis of batch plants, especially on the utilization of energy and water."
    —Yongzhong Liu, Xi’an Jiaotong University, China

    "The main strength of the book is the systems approach to the design and operation of batch processes, with the inclusion of the different resources that can be involved in the process in the definition of the optimization problem. … Another important topic is the design/retrofit of a sustainable process, with multi-objective optimization being used to evaluate the tradeoff between economic and environmental impact."
    —Pedro M. Castro, University of Lisbon, Portugal

    "… highly descriptive—includes detailed methodologies and relevant case studies. The methods are presented clearly and demonstrated well by case studies. The structure of the book is well thought out and has sufficient depth and breadth to cover the topic."
    —Martin Atkins, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand

    "… presents state-of-the art models for the scheduling, synthesis, design, and resource optimization of batch chemical processes. … an excellent reference book for those interested in the latest research developments in this area."
    —Ignacio Grossmann, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA

    "Great novelty of this book is that it bridges disciplines such as reaction engineering, modelling and simulation, water and energy optimization and design for providing comprehensive understanding of batch reactor systems widely used in many process industries."
    —Dr. P. Mondal, Associate Professor, Department of chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India

    "… is an excellent collection of very relevant chapters, written by the experts from different parts of the globe, covering the various aspects of scheduling, design & synthesis, and resource conservation for batch chemical plants. The environmental aspects have been addressed in the form of energy and water conservation. The emphasis has been placed on the rigor and essence of scheduling framework in batch chemical plants. It has also included the most recent and state-of-the-art techniques for scheduling of multipurpose batch plants including pipeless batch plants, which are the most complex type in this category."
    —Prof. Pramod K. Bajpai, Department of Chemical Engineering, Thapar University, Patiala